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ACTS. Author: Luke Audience: Theophilus Date: early-60’s Theme: “Church” Structure of Acts: Peter (1-12) Paul (13-28) or acts 1:8 as outline verse: 1) Jerusalem 1:1-7:60 2) Judea/Samaria 8:1-9:31 3) all world 9:32-28:31. Introduction to Paul.

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slide2

ACTS

Author: Luke

Audience: Theophilus

Date: early-60’s

Theme: “Church”

Structure of Acts: Peter (1-12)

Paul (13-28)

or acts 1:8 as outline verse:

1) Jerusalem 1:1-7:60

2) Judea/Samaria 8:1-9:31

3) all world 9:32-28:31

slide3

Introduction to Paul

Saul/Paul had a strong Jewish heritage

He was a persecutor of the early church

He was visited by Jesus (post-ascension)

He became an Apostle (to the Gentiles)

He traveled much, starting many churches

He wrote many letters—we have 13

His letters are arranged according to length, longest to shortest

Sister letters: Romans = Galatians Ephesians = Colossians

See Phil. 3:5-6; 2 Cor. 11:21-29

slide8

Paul’s Letters

After 1st missionary journey (1) - Galatians*

On 2nd missionary journey (2) - 1-2 Thess

On 3rd missionary journey (3) - 1-2 Cor

Romans

During 1st Roman imprisonment (4) - Ephesians

Philippians

Colossians

Philemon

Before/during 2nd imprisonment (3) - 1-2 Timothy

Titus

*Titles are recipients; the General Epistle titles are senders

slide9

1 THESSALONIANS

Author: Paul, Silas, Timothy (from Corinth)

Audience: Christians in Thessalonica, persecuted by Jews (2:14-16)

Date: early A.D. 50s (2nd after Galatians)

Theme: “Righteous living in the last days”

Pastor’s Passage: 2:8

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2 THESSALONIANS

Author: Paul, Silas, Timothy (from Corinth)

Audience: Christians in Thessalonica, curious about the last days

Date: early A.D. 50s (within 1 year of 1 Thes)

Theme: “Comfort in the last days”

slide11

GALATIANS

Author: Paul

Audience: Christians in Galatia (Derbe, Lystra, Iconium, Antioch-see 2 Tim 3:11)

Date: early A.D. 50s (first letter of Paul)

Theme: “Freedom in Christ”

Sister letter to Romans (Gal. 2:16 = Rom. 3:28)

Outline of Galatians:

1-2=Paul is a true Apostle

3-4=Paul’s Gospel is the true Gospel

5-6=Gospel does not lead to loose living

slide12

ROMANS

Author: Paul (from Corinth)

Audience: Christians in Rome, mainly Gentiles, some Jews

Date: A.D. 56-58

Theme: “Paid in Full”

Structure of Romans: Doctrine (1-11)

Practice (12-16)

Delivered by Phoebe (16:1)

Written by Tertius (16:22)

slide13

ROMANS

ROAD

3:23

6:23

5:8

10:9

slide15

Justification

100%

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t

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75%

D

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50%

25%

Sanctification

A Christian’s Lifetime

ROMANS

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1 CORINTHIANS

Author: Paul & Sosthenes (from Ephesus, see 16:8)

Audience: Christians in Corinth, mainly Gentiles, some Jews

Date: A.D. 56

Theme: “The wisdom of God is the cross”

Structure of 1 Corinthians:

Response to reports: 1-6 (see 1:11)

Response to letter: 7-16 (see 7:1)

Intro formula: sender, recipient, benediction, thanksgiving (compare to Romans)

slide17

1 CORINTHIANS

The Carnal Man

carnal Pertaining to flesh (Lat., carnalis, “flesh”). In theology, carnality denotes desires and behavior that are worldly or sensual (1 Cor. 3:1–3).

slide18

1 CORINTHIANS

Empty Explanations for the Empty Tomb

  • The Body was . . .
  • Stolen by friends
  • Stolen by foe
  • Placed in the wrong tomb
  • Never dead (swoon theory)
  • Devoured by animals
slide19

2 CORINTHIANS

  • Author: Paul & Timothy
  • Audience: Christians in Corinth and throughout Achaia
  • Date: A.D. 56/57
  • Theme: “Defense of Apostleship”
  • “Apostle” should bring to mind “authority”
    • 1 Cor = 2 Cor (see 1 Cor. 5:9)
    • 2 Cor = 4 Cor (see 2 Cor. 2:4; 7:8)
slide20

Pastoral Epistles

  • Three letters written to individuals before and during Paul’s second Roman imprisonment, after the events recorded in Acts. These letters were written by a pastor, to pastors, and contain pastoral material:
          • 1 Timothy
          • 2 Timothy
          • Titus
slide21

1 TIMOTHY

Author: Paul

Audience: Timothy (in Ephesus)

Date: A.D. 63-65

Theme: “Ethics of the faith”

2 TIMOTHY

Author: Paul

Audience: Timothy (in Ephesus)

Date: A.D. 67

Theme: “Ministry of the Pastor”

slide22

TITUS

Author: Paul

Audience: Titus (in Crete)

Date: A.D. 63-65

Theme: “Good deeds” (occurs 7 times)

Titus was a Gentile, not a Jewish Christian (see Galatians 2:3)

slide23

Prison Epistles

  • Four letters written by the Apostle Paul while he was in prison*:
  • Ephesians
  • Philippians
  • Colossians
  • Philemon
  • *2 Timothy was also written from prison, but is included among the Pastoral Epistles
slide24

EPHESIANS

Author: Paul

Audience: Christians in Ephesus, though perhaps originally a circular letter

Date: early A.D. 60s

Theme: “the church reveals God”

Structure of Ephesians:

Doctrine (1-3)

Practice (4-6)

Sister letter = Colossians

slide25

PHILIPPIANS

Author: Paul & Timothy

Audience: Christians in Philippi

Date: A.D. 60

Theme: “joyfully suffering”

“joy” occurs 16 times

2:1-11 is called the “Kenosis” passage

slide26

COLOSSIANS

Author: Paul & Timothy

Audience: Christians in Colossae

Date: A.D. 60

Theme: “the sufficiency of Christ”

PHILEMON

Author: Paul & Timothy

Audience: Philemon & family in Colossae

Date: A.D. 60

Theme: “Mercy to the guilty”