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Hatha Yoga

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  1. Hatha Yoga A Science of Body purification and awakening of Pranic energy.

  2. Hatha - Science of Body – Mind Balance • Ha – Pingala nadi or sun principle • Tha – Ida nadi or moon principle • Hatha is balance between Pingala and Ida • Nadi is Pranic Energy channel or passage • Pingala • Right nostril • Sun / Male principle • Physical Energy • Represents Body • Ida • Left nostril • Moon / female • Mental Energy • Represents Mind

  3. Balance of Body & Mind • Imbalance of physical and mental energies is state of disease. • Imbalance is due to blockages in the ‘nadis’ or energy passages. • Aim of Hatha Yoga - Purification of this ‘nadis’ or energy passages.

  4. Origin of Hatha Yoga • Origin in Tantras • Development in 6th century AD to 15th Century AD • Founded by Great Sage Matsyendranath and his disciple Gorakshanath. • Reference books • Hatha Yoga Pradipika – Swami Swatmaram • Gheranda Samhita – Sage Gheranda • Goraksha Satakam – Guru Gorakshanath • Shiva Samhita • Yoga Taravali – Sage Adi Shankaracharya

  5. Contents of Hatha Yoga • Shatkarmas – 6 cleansing techniques • Asanas – body postures • Pranayama – control of prana / breath • Mudras – psychic gestures (inducing mental attitudes) • Bandhas – Energy locks

  6. Shatkarma – Cleansing tech. • To remove accumulated toxins in the body. • Homeostasis – Balance of entire body and mind, especially the Nervous system and endocrine system. • Removing blockages to Nadis. • Awakening the psychic faculties.

  7. 6 Shatkarmas • Neti – nasal cleansing • Dhouti – internal cleansing • Basti – yogic enema • Nouli – abdominal massage • Kapalbhati – frontal brain cleansing or cleansing of lungs • Trataka – cleansing of eyes

  8. Asanas • Steady and comfortable postures • Aim of Asanas is to achieve healthy body and stable mind • 8.4 million asanas • Most important are 2, Padmasana (Lotus pose) & Siddhasana (Perfect or balance pose) • Mastery of Asana – maintaining for 3 hours in steady and comfortable way.

  9. Pranayama • Pranayama – control & extension of prana (vital force) • Emotions, desires create blockages in nadis, blockages dissipates energy, aim of pranayama is to clear this blockages. • 8 types of pranayama in Hatha yoga. • Preparation - Nadi Shodhan or Anuloma Viloma or Alternate nostril breathing (purifying the Pingala & Ida)

  10. Types of Pranayama • Surya Bhedan – right nostril breath • Ujjayi – Victorious breath / psychic breath • Sitkari – Cooling breath • Shitali – Cooling breath • Bhramari – Humming bee breath • Bhastrika – Bellows breath • Murchha – Swooning or fainting breath • Plavini – Gulping breath

  11. Mudras & Bandhas • Mudras – Psychic gestures which induce a particular state of mind. • Bandhas – Pranic Energy locks • Mudras & Bandhas control the pranic energy, which is awakened with pranayama practice. • 10 Mudras & 3 Bandhas in Hatha Yoga • Janaldar Bandha – chin lock • Moola Bandha – root lock • Uddiyan Bandha – Abdominal lock