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Chapter 28 Japan and the Koreas. Section 1 Objectives. Examine major landforms of the regions Describe Climates ID important resources in Japan and the Koreas. List the 4 main islands of Japan from North to South. Hokkaido (hoh-KY-doh) Honshu (HAWN-shoo) Largest &Most Populous

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section 1 objectives
Section 1 Objectives

Examine major landforms of the regions

Describe Climates

ID important resources in Japan and the Koreas

list the 4 main islands of japan from north to south
List the 4 main islands of Japan from North to South
  • Hokkaido (hoh-KY-doh)
  • Honshu (HAWN-shoo)
    • Largest &Most Populous
    • Tokyo located here
  • Shikoku (shee-KOH-koo)
  • Kyushu (KYOO-shoo)
how was japan formed
How was Japan formed?

Lies in a subduction zone  Pacific plate dives under the Eurasian and Philippine plates. Causing a hot bed of volcanic activity.

This also causes tsunamis  “harbor waves” as they are known, are large waves traveling hundreds of miles/hour

what landform do the koreas sit on
What landform do the Koreas sit on?
  • Korean Peninsula  mostly hilly and low mountains. Coastal plains lie in the west
list the climates their locations for this region
List the climates & their locations for this region

Humid Continental

HumidSubtropical

Kyushu

Shikoku

Southern Honshu

South Korea

  • Hokkaido
  • North Korea
give important info about natural resources for the following
Give important info about natural resources for the following:

Japan

Koreas

Hydro & nuclear power used to cut down on importing oil

North Korea has iron ore/ copper/ lead/ coal

South Korea has rich fishing grounds

  • Limited mineral & energy resources
  • Hydro & nuclear power used to cut down on importing oil
  • 65% is forested, but strict limits cause for importing lumber
  • Rich fishing grounds provide most of the food
section 2 objectives
Section 2 Objectives

ID events in Early and Modern history that have shaped both countries

Explain some major feature of culture for both countries

give the greatest hits for the early history of japan
Give the greatest hits for the early history of Japan

Earliest inhabitants were Ainu (I-noo)/ pushed north by invaders in 300BC who introduced rice farming

- In 700AD political system with an emperor emerged

-By late 1100’s a war lord came to power known as shogun/ he ruled over the daimyo, who were protected by the samurai (similar to the feudal system of Europe)

Europeans arrive in the late 1500’s & were driven out in the 1600’s/ few allowed to stay (mainly Dutch) & were restricted to Nagasaki to limit influence

Samurai warrior in full armor.

give the greatest hits for the early history of the koreas
Give the greatest hits for the early history of the Koreas

People came from North and Central Asia

108 BC invaded by China, this starts a long occupation

Eventually drove the Chinese out of the peninsula

Korean culture flourished

give a brief explanation of modern history for japan
Give a brief explanation of Modern history for Japan

US shows up in 1853, influencing samurai to overthrow shogun & reinstate the emperor in 1868 Meijii Restoration

Emperor moved capital to Tokyo, modernized education, industries, laws, & changed governments to parliamentary with a constitution

Starting in late 1800’s Japan invaded & acquired land in Eastern Asia

Became allies with the Axis powers during WWII

After WWII a democratic government was established

give a brief explanation of modern history for korea
Give a brief explanation of Modern history for Korea
  • Controlled by Japan until the end of WWII, then were split between the USSR and the UN
    • North was given to the USSR, while the South was given to the UN. This lasted until 1949
  • Fighting began in 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea. In 1953 fighting stopped when both sides signed an armistice. Now they have a DMZ along the 38th parallel.
  • Recently North Korea has been in the news due to threats of nuclear weapons and threats of war.
give at least 2 facts for each of the following
Give at least 2 facts for each of the following:

People & Language

Religion

Japan

Shintoism

Buddhism

Korea

Roughly about half have become Christian. This is different due to the impact Chinese culture has had on their culture

  • 99% of population is ethnic Japanese, speaking Japanese
  • Kana  written Japanese language, is a mix of Chinese & Japanese symbols
  • Nearly the entire population of Korea is ethnic Koreans
  • Korean language written w/ 24 letter alphabet called hangul
give at least 2 facts for each of the following1
Give at least 2 facts for each of the following:

Settlement and Land Use

Food

Japan

Main stays are rice, fish, Sushi, & sashimi. Fast food is becoming increasingly popular

Tea is the popular drink

Korea

Main stays include rice, grilled meats, vegetables, & potatoes

  • Japan
    • 867 people per square meter (one of the most densely populated countries in the world)
    • Most live along narrow coastal plains
  • Korea
    • Also densely populated, most of the population live in urban areas
give at least 2 facts for each of the following2
Give at least 2 facts for each of the following:

Education

Traditions and Customs

Japan

Strong family ties

Kimono is worn as the formal dress

Shoes are removed prior to entering home

Many forms of art are practiced

Korea

Traditional dress and dancing are popular

  • Japan and South Korea
    • Everyone attends elementary & middle school for free
    • Competition to get into university, as education is highly valued
  • North Korea
    • Teach communist ideology& require students to work while in school
section 3 objectives
Section 3 Objectives

ID characteristics of Japan today

Contrast life in North and South Korea

what should be known about japan s economy for agriculture
What should be known about Japan’s economy for Agriculture
  • Not much land is arable
  • Produces about 70% of the countries food needs
what should be known about japan s economy for industry
What should be known about Japan’s economy for Industry
  • Most workers have a strong work ethic and are extremely loyal to their companies
  • While in the past the Keiretsu system has worked, Japan is trying to adapt to the changing times
what should be known about japan s economy for international economy
What should be known about Japan’s economy for International Economy
  • Produce high quality goods such as cars, cameras, & electronics.
  • Have an export economy with a trade surplus
describe modern life in japan
Describe modern life in Japan

Major urban areas hold the majority of the population, they are connected by high speed trains.

Homes are small, as are the families. Homes and expenses for families are high.

Western culture has had a big impact on Japan from clothing to sports

Birthrates are low while life expectancy is high

Women have been gaining more rights in recent years

contrast north south korea
Contrast North & South Korea

North Korea

South Korea

Democracy

Industry is strong

Have an export economy

Government works to improve economy

Country becoming Urbanized

Large middle class

  • Communist
  • Travel is controlled by government
  • Government officials live well
  • Outside of the capital, poverty is common
  • Do not have enough food to feed the country