slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Developing bilingual learning strategies in mainstream and community contexts (ESRC-funded study 2006-07) PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Developing bilingual learning strategies in mainstream and community contexts (ESRC-funded study 2006-07)

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 23

Developing bilingual learning strategies in mainstream and community contexts (ESRC-funded study 2006-07) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 87 Views
  • Uploaded on

Developing bilingual learning strategies in mainstream and community contexts (ESRC-funded study 2006-07). Charmian Kenner, Salman Al-Azami, Eve Gregory, Mahera Ruby Department of Educational Studies, Goldsmiths College London. Bilingual learning: aspects to investigate.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Developing bilingual learning strategies in mainstream and community contexts (ESRC-funded study 2006-07)' - alanna


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Developing bilingual learning strategies in mainstream and community contexts(ESRC-funded study 2006-07)

Charmian Kenner, Salman Al-Azami, Eve Gregory, Mahera Ruby

Department of Educational Studies, Goldsmiths College London

bilingual learning aspects to investigate
Bilingual learning: aspects to investigate
  • Transfer of concepts (Cummins, 1984)
  • Translation/interpretation (Creese, 2004)
  • Linking with cultural worlds (Martin-Jones & Saxena, 2003)
  • Increasing knowledge about how language works (Bialystok, 2001)
  • Learner identities (Cummins, 1996; Creese, Bhatt, Bhojani & Martin, 2006)
the research context
The research context
  • Two primary schools in Tower Hamlets, East London
  • Second/third generation British Bangladeshi children, mostly more fluent in English than Sylheti/Bengali (Bangla)
  • Children also attend community classes in Bengali and/or Arabic
  • Achieving highly at primary school

So…is bilingual learning in mainstream school relevant or necessary?

participant children
School A

Year 2 (age 7)

4 children

Year 4 (age 9)

5 children

School B

Year 2 (age 7)

4 children

Year 6 (age 11)

4 children

Participant children
methodology action research
Methodology: action research
  • Observe children in community class
  • Plan bilingual tasks in literacy and numeracy for each group, relevant to mainstream curriculum, linking with community class learning
  • Involve community and mainstream teachers in planning
  • Children do task, watch video and comment (stimulated recall)
  • Discuss data with teachers at end-of-term seminar
  • Repeat process in second term
aspects of learning
Aspects of learning
  • Bengali literary heritage – poem contains metaphor and imagery, also known to children as lullaby
  • Teacher keen to work on comparative literature: compare with lullaby in English
  • Involve parents to understand poem more deeply
  • Use Reciprocal Reading strategy to share findings in group
the chora transliterated and translated
The chora: transliterated and translated

Aai aai chad mama Come come uncle moon

aai aai chad mama tip die ja 

Come come uncle moon and touch the forehead 

chader kopale chad tip die ja

Moon come and touch the forehead of the moon  

dhan banle kuro debo

When the rice is made will give you the husk 

mach katle muro debo

When the fish is cut will give you the head 

kalo gaer dudh debo

Will give you the milk of the black cow 

dudh khabar bati debo

Will give you the bowl for the milk 

chader kopale chad tip die ja

Moon come and touch the forehead of the moon

lullaby in english
Lullaby in English

Hush, Little Baby

Hush, little baby, don’t say a word,

Papa’s gonna buy you a mockingbird.

And if that mockingbird don’t sing,

Papa’s gonna buy you a diamond ring.

And if that diamond ring turns to brass,

Papa’s gonna buy you a looking glass.

And if that looking glass gets broke,

Papa’s gonna buy you a billy goat.

And if that billy goat won’t pull,

Papa’s gonna buy you a cart and bull.

And if that cart and bull fall down,

You’ll still be the sweetest little baby in town.

reciprocal reading
Reciprocal Reading
  • Sharing findings from parent interviews
  • Each child took a role: (eg questioner, summariser)
  • Children added to or amended information from interviews
  • Clarified their understanding of the chora
  • Took place entirely in English – why?
further development
Further development
  • Rhythm of poems, using drums
  • Writing own poem with support from Nasima (Teaching Assistant)
  • Creating bilingual display for school foyer
the children s poem
The children’s poem

Fruits

We get mangoes and jackfruits in summer

White berries, black berries,

Black grapes, green grapes,

Yellow-coloured ripe bananas,

Green-coloured tender bananas,

Sour berries, sweet berries,

Taste very sweet.

conceptual transfer
Conceptual transfer
  • Understanding metaphor and imagery through working in more than one language
  • Not straightforward transfer of ‘similar concept’
  • Clarification of complex ideas through discussion
translation interpretation
Translation/interpretation
  • Transliteration as translation
  • Gives children and teacher access to chora
  • Enables children to express ideas in writing
  • Bridge between Sylheti and Standard Bengali
  • Interlingual and intralingual
  • Translation between phonic systems
linking with cultural worlds
Linking with cultural worlds
  • Learning more about ‘own culture’
  • Texts include different aspects of children’s experience: Bangla/school/popular culture
  • Venn diagram highlights differences in cultural values / economic contexts
  • Own poem combines knowledge from UK and Bangladesh
learner identities
Learner identities
  • Children actively seeking connection to Bangladesh through culture and language
  • Terms linking to home experience: chad mama
  • Teacher perceiving children as bilingual learners
  • Multiple identities can be expressed at school – otherwise a ‘monolingual space’
children s comments on doing maths in bangla
Children’s comments on doing maths in Bangla
  • You understand more (if you use both languages) 
  • It was different – in English you know what you have to do
  • We'd like to know more about Bangla numbers and operations....how to say it 
  • Just liked it because it was different, liked it, liked it 
  •  You can learn in two different ways
  •  And it's our mother tongue and we don't know much about it
the crucial role of the mainstream school in supporting language maintenance
The crucial role of the mainstream school in supporting language maintenance
  • 2nd and 3rd generation children in Miami are losing their Spanish competence unless they are schooled in Spanish – despite living in a substantial Latino community where Spanish is regularly used in the business and social infrastructure

(Eilers, Pearson and Cobo-Lewis, 2006)

references
References
  • Cummins, J. (1984) Language proficiency, bilingualism and academic achievement. Chapter 6 in Bilingualism and Special Education. Clevedon, Avon: Multilingual Matters.
  • Creese, A. (2004) Bilingual teachers in mainstream secondary classrooms: using Turkish for curriculum learning. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism 7 (2), 189-203.
  • Martin-Jones, M. and Saxena, M. (2003) Bilingual resources and ‘funds of knowledge’ for teaching and learning in multi-ethnic classrooms in Britain. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism 6 (3), 267-282.
  • Bialystok, E. (2001) Bilingualism in Development: Language, Literacy and Cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Cummins, J. (1996) Negotiating Identities: Education for Empowerment in a Diverse Society. Ontario, CA: California Association for Bilingual Education.
  • Creese, A., Bhatt, A., Bhojani, N. and Martin, P. (2006) Multicultural, heritage and learner identities in complementary schools. Language and Education 20 (1), 23-43.