Coal Mining in Pennsylvania. Dylan Kevech Jamie Finch EGEE 211. The Process of Pennsylvania Coal Mining. • Slope Mine. Coal is too deep to allow surface mining. Coal is parallel to the ground. Called slope mine because shafts are slanted.
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This picture demonstrates a typical slope mine with a shaft that is slanted to reach the coal bed.
Open Face Mining
Long Wall Mining
This picture is an old undercutting machine made by Sullivan used by Frank Kevech Sr.
Old Mine Cart
Generator Used to Power Equipment
As the longwall machine extracts the coal and moves forward, the machine leaves nothing behind to support the ground.
Therefore the land falls in to fill the void.
With this loss people have to resort to using water buffalos. These water buffalos dot the hillsides in mining communities.
Mining causes homes to subside which causes people to move and relocate from the area in which they grew up.
Mine Companies are supposed to go back after they are all done mining and fix the area so that it is able to be used in the future…
…However, this is not always the case!