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Bituminous Coal Mining. Source: http://www.drexel.edu/coe/enggeo/rocks2/bituminous_coal800.jpg. Overview of Bituminous Coal. Often called “soft coal” Easier to mine than Anthracite Cheaper to mine than Anthracite Dirtier when burned Found all over the world

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bituminous coal mining

Bituminous Coal Mining

Source: http://www.drexel.edu/coe/enggeo/rocks2/bituminous_coal800.jpg

overview of bituminous coal
Overview of Bituminous Coal
  • Often called “soft coal”
  • Easier to mine than Anthracite
  • Cheaper to mine than Anthracite
  • Dirtier when burned
  • Found all over the world
  • Southwest PA history was shaped by it

Source: Class discussions

where bituminous coal is mainly mined
Southwest PA (exceptions include Broad Top Field and Snowshoe Field)

West Virginia

Virginia

Ohio

Kentucky

Powder River Basin

Colorado

Wyoming

Montana

North Dakota

Illinois

Where Bituminous Coal is Mainly Mined

Source: http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/page/acr/table14.html

types of bituminous coal
Types of Bituminous Coal
  • Bituminous: 45-86% carbon, heat value of 10,500 to 15,500 BTU’s per pound
  • Sub-Bituminous: 35-45% carbon, heat value between 8,300 and 13,000 BTU’s per pound
  • Lignite: 25-35% carbon, heat value ranging between 4,000 and 8,300 BTU’s per pound

Source: http://www.ket.org/Trips/Coal/AGSMM/agsmmtypes.html

how bituminous coal is mined
How Bituminous Coal is Mined
  • Deep Mines
    • Room and Pillar
    • Long Wall
  • Surface Mines
    • Open Pit
    • Mountain Top Removal
    • Strip Mines

Source: Class discussions

equipment used in mining bituminous coal
Equipment Used in Mining Bituminous Coal
  • Hand Tools
    • Picks and Shovels
  • Dynamite
  • Hand and Air Drills
  • Long Wall Machine
  • Continuous Miner
  • Mine Cars
  • Roof Supports and Roof Bolters

Source: Class discussions

modern equipment
Modern Equipment

Source: http://www.joy.com/jmm/photo_gallery/photo-display.html?10SC-Shuttle-Car

slide8

Source: http://www.joy.com/jmm/photo_gallery/photo-display.html?12CM27-Underground

slide9

Source: http://www.joy.com/jmm/photo_gallery/photo-display.html?Longwall-Face

slide10

Source: http://www.joy.com/jmm/photo_gallery/photo-display.html?Support-and-AFC

bituminous coal reserves
Bituminous Coal Reserves
  • Total US Reserve
    • 18,944 million short tons (includes anthracite)
  • Total Pennsylvania Reserves
    • 616 million short tons
  • Pennsylvania Bituminous Reserves
    • 596 million short tons

Source: http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/page/acr/table14.html

coal prices in pa
Coal Prices in PA
  • Price of Pennsylvania Bituminous Coal (2005).
    • Surface
      • $36.76 per ton
    • Underground
      • $36.18 per ton

Price Per Ton

Year

Source: http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/page/acr/table28.html

coal production in the us 1890 2005
Coal Production In the US 1890-2005

Source: http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/page/coal_production_review.pdf

references
References
  • Energy Information Administration. US Government. Accessed April 2007 http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/page/acr/table14.html
  • http://www.drexel.edu/coe/enggeo/rocks2/bituminous_coal800.jpg
  • “Types of Coal.” American Coal Foundation accessed April 2007 http://www.ket.org/Trips/Coal/AGSMM/agsmmtypes.html
  • Mining Equipment Photo Gallery. Joy Mining Machinery. http://www.joy.com/jmm/photo_gallery/index.html accessed April 2007
  • Class Discussions. EGEE 210, 211. Spring Semester 2007, Penn State University.University Park PA, 2007. Instructors, Dr. Eser, Dr. Mathews.