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Day 121: Wilsonian Progressivism at Home and Abroad. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute March 12, 2014 A/A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green. Wilsonian Progressivism. Objectives: Students will:

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day 121 wilsonian progressivism at home and abroad

Day 121: Wilsonian Progressivism at Home and Abroad

Baltimore Polytechnic Institute

March 12, 2014

A/A.P. U.S. History

Mr. Green

wilsonian progressivism
Wilsonian Progressivism

Objectives: Students will:

Discuss the key issues of the pivotal 1912 election and the basic principles of Wilsonian progressivism.

Describe how Wilson successfully reformed the “triple wall of privilege.”

State the basic features of Wilson’s moralistic foreign policy, and explain how, despite his intentions, it drew him into intervention in Mexico and elsewhere in Latin America.

AP Focus

A split in the Republican Party between supporters of Theodore Roosevelt and of President William Howard Taft gives the Democrats’ Woodrow Wilson's victory in the 1912 election.

An idealist by nature and experience, President Wilson soon addresses some of the burning concerns of his time: the high protective tariff, the power of the trusts, and banking monopolies. He also uses his rhetorical skills and academic experience to convince the public and Congress that the plight of impoverished and exploited farmers and wage laborers must be addressed.

chapter focus
Chapter Focus

Chapter Themes

After winning a three-way election, focused on different theories of progressivism, Woodrow Wilson successfully pushed through a sweeping program of domestic economic and social reform in his first term.

Wilson’s attempt to promote an idealistic progressive foreign policy failed, as dangerous military involvements threatened Latin America, the North Atlantic, and Europe.


Test Friday March 14 Chapters 27-30

Presidential Election Charts due on Thursday

1900, 1904, 1908, 1912-class assignment

Decade Chart 1910s due next week, but we will start them now

new directions in foreign policy
New Directions in Foreign Policy

Wilson would not support American investors in Latin-America, therefore American bankers withdrew a loan to China

Repealed Panama Canal Tolls Act of 1912

Jones Act 1916-Philippines territorial status/stable government

U.S. Japanese relations strained over CA law

Haiti-American troops in 1915 for 19 years to protect U.S. interests/lives

Dominican Republic-1916 for 8 years

Virgin Islands-Wilson purchased from Denmark in1917

moralistic diplomacy in mexico
Moralistic Diplomacy in Mexico

1913-A new revolutionary president murdered and General Victoriano Huerta put in place-Taft ambassador supported Huerta, while Wilson did not

chaos caused widespread migration to U.S.

Many wanted war with Mexico, included William Randolph Hearst

Wilson refused to recognize Huerta government

imposed arms embargo, sent ambassador home

Wilson allowed arms sales to Carranza and Pancho Villa in 1914


Tampico Incident-April 1914 American sailors arrested at Port of Tampico

Port of Veracruz taken by the U.S. and stopped an arms sales from Germany

Huerta fell in July 1914, replaced by Carranza

Pancho Villa Incidents

16 Americans killed in northern Mexico, pulled off a train

Columbus, New Mexico-19 Americans killed

Villa wanted war between U.S. and Mexico, WHY?

Black Jack Pershing sent to capture Villa

thunder across the seas
Thunder Across the Seas

Explain the Powder Keg in the Balkans-page 738

a precarious neutrality
A Precarious Neutrality

Both sides courted the U.S.

Britain controlled most transatlantic cables

they sent stories of German atrocities

11 million Central Power immigrants in U.S. in 1914

Most Americans anti-German

Kaiser Wilhelm II’s arrogance going into Belgium

violence in American factories and ports

america earns blood money
America Earns Blood Money

War pulled American industry out of a recession

Morgan loaned 2.3 billion to the Allies

Central powers cried fowl, but they were free to trade with the U.S.

geography and the Royal Navy stopped trade

German subs too new for international law

Wilson put in a difficult position

Only neutral trading would be allowed

Germany torpedoed 90 ships in early 1915

Lusitania-128 Americans, did carry 4200 cases of small arm ammo

More ships sunk and Wilson demanded warning before merchant ships-Sussex Pledge

wilson wins reelection in 1916
Wilson Wins Reelection in 1916

TR refuses nomination of Progressive Party

Republicans nominate Charles Evans Hughes

Democrats-Wilson, “He Kept Us Out of War”

277-254 Electoral vote

Wilson thought he lost when he went to bed

California was in doubt for several days


Study for Chapters 27-30 Test

Prepare for 5 question ID Check on Thurs