Day 121: Wilsonian Progressivism at Home and Abroad. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute March 12, 2014 A/A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green. Wilsonian Progressivism. Objectives: Students will:
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Baltimore Polytechnic Institute
March 12, 2014
A/A.P. U.S. History
Objectives: Students will:
Discuss the key issues of the pivotal 1912 election and the basic principles of Wilsonian progressivism.
Describe how Wilson successfully reformed the “triple wall of privilege.”
State the basic features of Wilson’s moralistic foreign policy, and explain how, despite his intentions, it drew him into intervention in Mexico and elsewhere in Latin America.
A split in the Republican Party between supporters of Theodore Roosevelt and of President William Howard Taft gives the Democrats’ Woodrow Wilson's victory in the 1912 election.
An idealist by nature and experience, President Wilson soon addresses some of the burning concerns of his time: the high protective tariff, the power of the trusts, and banking monopolies. He also uses his rhetorical skills and academic experience to convince the public and Congress that the plight of impoverished and exploited farmers and wage laborers must be addressed.
After winning a three-way election, focused on different theories of progressivism, Woodrow Wilson successfully pushed through a sweeping program of domestic economic and social reform in his first term.
Wilson’s attempt to promote an idealistic progressive foreign policy failed, as dangerous military involvements threatened Latin America, the North Atlantic, and Europe.
Test Friday March 14 Chapters 27-30
Presidential Election Charts due on Thursday
1900, 1904, 1908, 1912-class assignment
Decade Chart 1910s due next week, but we will start them now
Wilson would not support American investors in Latin-America, therefore American bankers withdrew a loan to China
Repealed Panama Canal Tolls Act of 1912
Jones Act 1916-Philippines territorial status/stable government
U.S. Japanese relations strained over CA law
Haiti-American troops in 1915 for 19 years to protect U.S. interests/lives
Dominican Republic-1916 for 8 years
Virgin Islands-Wilson purchased from Denmark in1917
1913-A new revolutionary president murdered and General Victoriano Huerta put in place-Taft ambassador supported Huerta, while Wilson did not
chaos caused widespread migration to U.S.
Many wanted war with Mexico, included William Randolph Hearst
Wilson refused to recognize Huerta government
imposed arms embargo, sent ambassador home
Wilson allowed arms sales to Carranza and Pancho Villa in 1914
Tampico Incident-April 1914 American sailors arrested at Port of Tampico
Port of Veracruz taken by the U.S. and stopped an arms sales from Germany
Huerta fell in July 1914, replaced by Carranza
Pancho Villa Incidents
16 Americans killed in northern Mexico, pulled off a train
Columbus, New Mexico-19 Americans killed
Villa wanted war between U.S. and Mexico, WHY?
Black Jack Pershing sent to capture Villa
Explain the Powder Keg in the Balkans-page 738
Both sides courted the U.S.
Britain controlled most transatlantic cables
they sent stories of German atrocities
11 million Central Power immigrants in U.S. in 1914
Most Americans anti-German
Kaiser Wilhelm II’s arrogance going into Belgium
violence in American factories and ports
War pulled American industry out of a recession
Morgan loaned 2.3 billion to the Allies
Central powers cried fowl, but they were free to trade with the U.S.
geography and the Royal Navy stopped trade
German subs too new for international law
Wilson put in a difficult position
Only neutral trading would be allowed
Germany torpedoed 90 ships in early 1915
Lusitania-128 Americans, did carry 4200 cases of small arm ammo
More ships sunk and Wilson demanded warning before merchant ships-Sussex Pledge
TR refuses nomination of Progressive Party
Republicans nominate Charles Evans Hughes
Democrats-Wilson, “He Kept Us Out of War”
277-254 Electoral vote
Wilson thought he lost when he went to bed
California was in doubt for several days
Study for Chapters 27-30 Test
Prepare for 5 question ID Check on Thurs