Verb Phrases Past Present Future Bridget Green
This is Mie: I’m from Amagasaki. I live in the U.S. now. I came to the U.S. last month. I LOVE TO STUDY!
present past future
Some things to remember: Present Simple • Present simple doesn’t mean it’s happening now. • It is a daily habit or a usual activity.
X X X X X Some things to remember: Present Simple Mie studies every day. She doesn’t goof off! s ‘Goof off’ is slang. It means ‘waste time’ or ‘avoid doing work.’
Some things to remember: Present Progressive • If you want to say ‘it’s happening now’, use the present progressive. • Progressive means ‘in progress.’ • be + V-ing
Some things to remember: Present Progressive Mie isstudying now. She is not watching TV! She isn’t goofing off. start now finish? X X X
What’s the difference? Present Simple and Present Progressive Bridget lives in Spokane. ‘a habit’ ‘permanent’ Mie isliving in Spokane. ‘in progress at the time of speaking’ ‘temporary’ This ‘temporary’ period can be short or long.
Practice is sleeping sleeps • Sh! The baby _________. She usually ________ for about 2 hours every afternoon. (sleep) • Look! The kids ___________ that tree. (climb) • The moon ____ around the earth. (go) • Hurry! The bus _____________! I __________ to miss it. (come/not want) are climbing goes is coming don’t want
Thoughts Mental states knowunderstandbelievemeanremember Some verbs usuallycan’t be progressive… Feelings/Emotions lovehateneedappreciate like wantdesire Senses hear see smelltastetouch Possession have own possess belong contain Existence be existseem appear
Correct? Answers… If the sentence is wrong, please correct it. • I am knowing your name. • This car is belonging to me. • I am having three children. • This pasta is smelling so good! • He is seeming nice. • I’m seeing you. s e s s
Some things to remember: Past Simple • Past simple means it began and ended at a specific time in the past. • Usually we know ‘when.’ • V-ed(…but there are many irregular verbs.) go- went build - built fall - fell know - knew come - came stand - stood fly - flew feel - felt throw - threw go- build- fall- know- come- stand- fly- feel- throw- etc.
Some things to remember: Past Simple …when… Mie studied last night. She didn’t goof off! X ed
X X X X Some things to remember: Past Simple …when… Mie lived in Hawaii when she was young. She didn’t live in Japan then. d
Some things to remember: Past Progressive • Past progressive is used to show ‘interrupted past.’ • Progressive means ‘in progress.’ • was/were + V-ing
Some things to remember: Past Progressive When I arrived, Mie wasstudying. Mie wasstudying when I arrived. was studying X X I arrived
What’s the difference? Past Progressive When I wastalking, Mie wastaking notes. Mie was taking notes X X I was talking
Practice (sleep/ ring) was sleeping rang sleeps • The baby __________ when the phone _______. • She usually _______ for about 2 hours every afternoon, but not today! (sleep) • Bridget _________ in Japan when she ______ James. He __________ Japanese and __________ English and __________ in a band when she ________ him in Japan. When she ______ him, she _________ a teacher at GEOS! (live, meet, study, teach, play, meet, meet, be) • What _____________ at 9:00 last night? (you/do) was living met was studying teaching playing met met was were you doing
Some things to remember: Present Perfect • Present perfect describes an action that began in the past but affects the present. • …or happened sometime in the past, but we don’t know when. • have/has + past participle
Some things to remember: Present Perfect Mie hasstudied English a lot. finish? X X This means ‘in her life’. We use present perfect to talk about life experience.
Some things to remember: Present Perfect Mie has already eaten. X We often use yet, already, and just with the present perfect. …so she doesn’t need to eat NOW. Finished in the past but affects the present…
finish? X What’s the difference? Present Perfect vs. Past Simple Mie studied English in Hawaii last year. Mie hasstudied English a lot. X X
finish? What’s the difference? Present Perfect vs. Past Simple Mr. Jones lived here all his life. Mr. Jones has lived here all his life. X X X
Practice I _______ my homework every night between 7 and 9. Now it’s 8:00, so I _____________ my homework yet. (do/not finish) Ayaka and Mai _________ their homework two hours ago! (finish) Isabelle ______ to travel. She ______________ to more than 20 countries. (love/travel) Phil and Peggy _______________ for over thirty years. They ______________ in 1978. (be married/get married) do haven’t finished finished loves has traveled have been married got married
X Future Some things to remember: There are five ways to talk about the future. will (be) going to + V present simple present progressive (be) about to +V Mie will study tomorrow. She’sgoing to be a doctor. The plane leaves at 6:15. I’m meeting him at four. I’m just about to finish.
Some things to remember: Future Will:I’llsee you tomorrow. I won’ttell anyone. We use will when we decide to do something at the moment of speaking. (the phone is ringing) “I’llget it!” Volunteering! decide now!
Meanings for will Offering: “That bag looks heavy. I’llhelp you with it.” Promising: “I’ll never tell anyone how old you really are.” Requesting: “Will you please be quiet?” Predicting: “Don’t worry. You’llpass your exam.” Volunteering “I hear the phone ringing. I’ll get it!”
Future Some things to remember: I’mgoingto do my homework at 10:00. I’mnot going to goof off. (be) going to + V Planning! Decide before We use (be) going to + V when we decided before speaking. (I have hair dye.) “I’mgoing to dye my hair pink.” Also for Predicting: “Don’t worry. You’regoing to pass your exam.”
What’s the difference? Will and Going to “Why are you going downtown?” “I’mgoing to go downtown to buy that pink shirt.” • “Which shirt do you want?” • “I’lltake the pink one.” Decide now! Decided before!
Practice ‘m going to go ’ll come 1. A: “Are you leaving?” B: “Yes, I ___________ for a walk with Saki.” A: “Oh, I ________ with you!” 2. A: (Knock knock…) “Someone ___________ at the door.” B: “I _____ it!” 3. A: “Dad, can you help me? My bike has a flat tire.” B: “Sure, I _______ you after dinner.” (later) A: “Dad ____________ my tire yet?” B: “No, I ____________ it after dinner.” is knocking ‘ll get ‘ll help have you fixed ’m going to fix
Some things to remember: Grammar cards… Simple + Progressive Perfect • Present • Past • Future Look at this powerpoint again on www.mfwi.edu Grammar Links Don’t forget to check your homework in the library every week. • ‘time lines’
Some things to remember: Future time clauses in the present X X go downtown do my homework Before I go downtown, I’mgoing to do my homework. Before I willgo downtown, I’mgoing to do my homework. The simple present is used in future time clauses! The simple present is used in future time clauses.
Draw timelines for these future sentences. Future time clauses in the present ? X X X X X I’mgoing to go downtown after I do my homework. When I see her, I’lltell her. I’ll go joggingas soon as the rain stops. I’llstay home if it rains tomorrow. The simple present is used in these future time clauses.
Future time clauses will start arrive get will call • The concert ________ before I ________. • I _______ you as soon as I _______ to the airport. • Ron: When you ____ Kathy, ____________ her a big hug? Anita: I ____! And after I _____ her, I _________ her to call you. will you give see will hug will tell
Some things to remember: Pronunciation of Verb Phrases • Phrases are usually pronounced as one unit, not as separate words. She has been writing to her mom every week. She zbinraiding to her mom every week.
Some things to remember: Guess what these verb phrases are… • I mgonnago downtown. • He znevebin to England. • Tomoe wuzntakin a bath when the fire alarm wenoff. • It haznbinraining; it sbinsnowing. • Mark ‘letchaknow what your homework is.
Some things to remember: 2 Grammar cards… Simple + Progressive Perfect • Present • Past • Future Don’t forget to check your homework in the library every week. • ‘time lines’