Kennedy and LBJ C-4 – Explicitly Assess information and draw conclusions US History
Lincoln and JFK • http://www.school-for-champions.com/history/lincolnjfk.htm
Using the images, list adjectives that would describe JFK and his administration?How do they support or refute your initial vision? How might they add to your vision?
The Kennedy Years 1000 Days 1960-’63
JFK Nixon 1960 Election
The Kennedy Mystique • Youth • First and only Catholic • Trendsetters
Domestic Agenda • Many programs blocked by Republican and S. Dem. Congress • Organized Crime Bills • Initiated Civil Rights reform
Economy • Govt. Spending • Defense and Space • Proposed Tax Cut • Trade Expansion Act • Lower tariffs w/ Europe (Common Market)
New Frontier • Space Race • Alan Sheppard – (1961) • John Glenn - (1962) • Neil Armstrong – (1969)
International Aid • Peace Corps- 1961 • Alliance for Progress- 1961
Foreign Affairs • Tough talk on communism
Europe • Berlin Wall 1961 • Kennedy visit
S. Vietnamese President Diem Vietnam • Domino Theory • Viet Cong • ‘Flexible Response’ • Green Berets • counterinsurgency • Buddhists • Diem -1963
Latin America • Bay of Pigs - 1961 • Cuban Missile Crisis – 1962 • “Hot line” installed JFK and Ike Missile Sites
Origins of Détente • Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (1963) • American University Speech (1963)
Tragedy • Texas Book Depository • Nov. 22nd 1963 • Lee Harvey Oswald • Jack Ruby • Warren Commission • Conspiracy Theories
LBJ in Office 1963-68
LBJ ChartMatch provisions with programs • Fed. funding to public and private schools • Banned discrimination in housing • Funds to rebuild urban areas • Gave priority to reuniting families and promoting national interests • Job Corps and Head Start • Federal funding for medical care for elderly • Fed. Registering of voters and monitoring elections • Fed. Funds to depressed region • Fed. Funds for college loans • End to literacy tests • War on Poverty • Banned discrimination in public facilities
Arts and Education September 1965, Johnson signed the National Foundation on the Arts and Humanities Act into law, creating both the National Endowment for the Arts and National Endowment for the Humanities as separate, independent agencies. Public Broadcasting Act 1967 “It will give a wider and, I think, stronger voice to educational radio and television by providing new funds for broadcast facilities. It will launch a major study of television's use in the Nation's classrooms and their potential use throughout the world. Finally — and most important — it builds a new institution: the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
Rank the Great Society • War on Poverty • Medicare • Cities • Education • Civil Rights • Environment • Consumer Advocacy
Compare and Contrast JFK and LBJ What were their visions? Where did their ideas come from? What problems did they face? Who was the better president?
Baker v. Carr- 1962 Federal courts have the power to determine the constitutionality of a State's voting districts. (This case argued that the voters of urban areas where population had grown were denied equal protection of the law as guaranteed by the 14th Amendment. Mapp v. Ohio - 1961 - Search and Seizure Searches must be legal to count (Exclusionary rule) Gideon v. Wainright - 1963 - Right To Counsel All citizens get lawyer/ no cost if needed Escobedo v. Illinois - 1964 - Right To Counsel Applied exclusionary rule to confessions/ lawyer when asked Miranda v. Arizona - 1966 - Rights of the Accused Read your rights when arrested Engle v. Vitale - 1962 - Separation of Church and State Prayer in schools unconstitutional, est. clause Abbington v. Schempp - 1963 - Separation of Church and State Religious instruction violates 1st amendment Tinker v. Des Moines - 1969 - Symbolic Speech Constitutional rights protected in schools Katz v. United States - 1961 - Search and Seizure (Wiretaps) Protects privacy even in some public areas Warren Court