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LBJ and the Great Society

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  1. LBJ and the Great Society By: Greg Michalczyk and Claire Kapp

  2. LBJ’s Path to the White House • Senator from Texas • Influential in the Senate • Nominated for the Vice Presidency in 1960 • Became President upon Kennedy’s Assassination • Nominated in 1964 • Won Election in November 1964

  3. Lyndon Johnson being Sworn in – Nov, 1963

  4. The Great Society • The Election of 1964 • The Tax Cut • The War on Poverty • Aid to Education • Medicare and Medicaid • Immigration Reform

  5. LBJ Beating the Drum for the Great Society

  6. The Election of 1964 • Defeated Senator Barry Goldwater • Was Liberal related to Civil Rights • Ran a controversial commercial about nuclear war • “Landslide Lyndon” • 61 % Popular Vote • 486-52 Electoral Votes • Carried 44 States

  7. Johnson’s Campaign Commercial

  8. The Tax Cut • The economy was not doing well • Kennedy wanted to put more money in people’s pockets by cutting taxes • This was opposed by many conservatives • Johnson proposed to both cut taxes and cut spending • The tax cut then passed

  9. The War on Poverty • Johnson was from a poor family • In the 1960’s poverty was a real problem in the U.S. • Applied $950 million towards fighting poverty in ten separate projects • Head Start – preschool program for low income families • VISTA sent volunteers to help people in poor communities

  10. Aid to Education • $1.3 billion given to the States to help with education • Money was given in relation to how many poor families lived in the State • Signed the bill into law in Johnson City Texas where he went to school

  11. Medicare and Medicaid • These were to help low income people with health insurance • Medicare – Hospital and low cost medical insurance to those 65 and older • Medicaid – Coverage to poor people regardless of age • Most significant improvements since Social Security in 1935

  12. Immigration Reform • Eliminated the quota system • Set a limit of 20,000 per country per year • Set overall limits

  13. The Warren Court • Social Issues • Criminal Procedures • One Man - One Vote

  14. The Warren Court

  15. Social Issues • Liberalized the definition of Obscenity • Outlawed religious prayer in public schools • Struck down laws prohibiting birth control

  16. Criminal Procedures • Cannot use illegally seized evidence • Suspects have the right to free legal advice • “Miranda Warning” put in place

  17. One Man – One Vote • Number of people in a congressional district should be about the same • This helped poor and minority people be better represented in Congress

  18. Effects of the Great Society • LBJ was enormously popular for awhile • Not everything worked as it was intended • Complaints that too much money was being spent on the poor • Put too much authority in the federal government’s hands • But, number of poor people were reduced from 1960 to 1970