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Regional Policy Frameworks/ Processes PowerPoint Presentation
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Regional Policy Frameworks/ Processes

Regional Policy Frameworks/ Processes

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Regional Policy Frameworks/ Processes

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  1. Regional Policy Frameworks/ Processes

  2. Regional Consultative Processes on Migration Context • No tradition of multilateral cooperation on migration • Growing appreciation of common challenges and complementary objectives of diverse stakeholder • Regional cooperation on migration has outpaced multilateral efforts • RCPs form part of a broader dynamic of regional cooperation • Many regional economic, political and security institutions have added migration to their agendas

  3. Regional Consultative Processes on Migration Repeated regional meetings of States dedicated to discussing migration

  4. Regional Consultative Processes on Migration • Purpose: formed specifically to address migration issues • Modus Operandi: • - operate outside traditional institutional structures • - flexible substantive focus according to Government priorities • - informal and non-binding • Objective: facilitate information exchange, dialogue and cooperation among States (sometimes involving regional and international organizations and civil society) • Geographically-based or thematically organized

  5. Regional Consultative Processes on Migration The “RCP methodology” – examples: • Mix of high-level and technical meetings • Creation of thematic working groups • Collection and analysis of data, policies and best practices • Websites for information gathering and exchange • Observance of Chatham House rules / confidentiality • Joint statements and declarations to solidify common understandings

  6. Regional Consultative Processes on Migration Principal achievements of RCPs • Promote • Sharing of experience, information and good practices; • Compilation and exchange of migration data; • Capacity building in migration management; • Regional cooperation on migration matters. • Contribute to better understanding of the migration phenomenon • Build confidence and engender trust through depoliticized fora • Find common ground among States on migration issues

  7. Regional Consultative Processes on Migration Principal achievements of RCPs (continued) • Create networks among counterparts • Can help States identify collaborative approaches to common challenges • Can lead to de facto harmonization of policies and positions • Can prompt policy change and enhanced policy coherence at national level • Foster bilateral relationships

  8. Evolution of RCPs over time • Have emerged over the last 20 years • RCPs now present in all regions of the world • Multilateral responses to transnational issues RCPs in 1985 RCPs in 1991 RCPs in 1996 RCPs in 2001 RCPs in 2008

  9. Principal RCPs • Inter-Governmental Consultations on Asylum, Refugee and Migration (IGC) • Budapest Process • Cross-Border Cooperation Process (Söderköping Process) • Regional Conference on Migration (RCM or Puebla Process) • South American Conference on Migration (SACM) • Migration Dialogue for Southern Africa (MIDSA) • Migration Dialogue for West Africa (MIDWA) • Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) RCP (IGAD-RCP) • Regional Ministerial Conference on Migration in the Western Mediterranean (5+5) • Mediterranean Transit Migration Dialogue (MTM) • Inter-Governmental Asia-Pacific Consultations on Refugees, Displaced Persons and Migrants (APC) • Bali Ministerial Conference on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime (Bali Process) • Ministerial Consultations on Overseas Employment and Contractual Labour for Countries of Origin in Asia (Colombo Process) • Ministerial Consultations on Overseas Employment and Contractual Labour for Countries of Origin and Destination in Asia (Abu Dhabi Dialogue)

  10. Regional Consultative Processes on Migration Growing interest in exchanges between RCPs: • 2002 – Roundtable on RCPs convened as part of IOM’s International Dialogue on Migration (IDM) • 2005 – Workshop on RCPs convened by IOM and the Global Commission for International Migration (GCIM) • 2009 – Global Meeting of Chairs and Secretariats of Principal RCPs convened by the Government of Thailand and IOM

  11. RCPs and the Global Forum on Migration and Development • Roundtables on regional and inter-regional processes and fora at every GFMD since 2007 (foreseen to continue) • Coordinated submissions to the GFMD by several RCPs • Agreement that RCPs should retain their separate regional identities • Recognition of opportunities for mutual learning between RCPs and the GFMD: shared state-led, non-binding, informal format • Willingness to strengthen interaction between RCPs and GFMD

  12. IOM’s role in RCPs • As partner or observer organization • Through participation in expert capacity (e.g. research and information dissemination, policy advice, capacity-building and technical cooperation, and project implementation…) • As technical secretariat (or by providing technical or logistical support to the RCPs’ own secretariat) • As initiator of some RCPs • By conducting research on RCPs (e.g. Migration Research Series No. 3, Berne Initiative Studies…)

  13. Conclusion

  14. Legal Frameworks Clearly identifiable areas where international community and states are in agreement that sovereignty should be limited Human rights Protection of refugees Combating trafficking and smuggling in human beings Trade (GATS Mode 4) Policy Frameworks Cooperation in broader fields of mutual interest for all states involved in migration process Migration and development Labour migration Addressing irregular migration Integration Migration data Technical cooperation and assistance Capacity building Conclusion

  15. Conclusion • Legal and policy frameworks are not mutually exclusive • Migration is a transnational phenomenon • Unilateral policies cannot be fully effective • Cooperation is needed at all levels (global, regional, bilateral) between countries of origin, transit and destination • Important role of other stakeholders • Employers’, trade unions, migrant associations (including diaspora groups), NGOs

  16. International Organization for Migration Regional and Global Migration Governance