Digital Radiography - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Digital Radiography
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Digital Radiography

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  1. Digital Radiography

  2. Computed radiography, CR • Direct radiography or direct digital radiography, DR • Digital subtraction angiography, DSA

  3. Computed Radiography (CR) is the generic term applied to an imaging system comprised of: ★Photostimulable Storage Phosphor to acquire the x-ray projection image ★CR Reader to extract the electronic latent image ★Digital electronics to convert the signals to digital form

  4. Computed Radiography (CR) uses very similar equipment to conventional radiography except that in place of a film to create the image, an imaging plate (IP) is used. The imaging plate is placed under the object to be examined and the x-ray exposure is made.

  5. X-rays Cassette Conventional radiography Screen-film combination IP only

  6. CR Detector • Photostimulable Storage Phosphor (PSP) • BaFBr compound, Eu activated Phosphor Plate Or imaging plate”IP” Cassette Holder Barium fluorin bromide Eu: europium

  7. instead of taking an exposed film into a darkroom for developing in chemical tanks or an automatic film processor, the imaging plate is run through a special laser scanner to read and digitize the image.

  8. Computed Radiography “reader” Information panel Plate stacker

  9. The CR imaging plate contains photostimulable storage phosphors, which store the radiation level received at each point in local electron energies. When the plate is put through the scanner, the scanning laser beam causes the electrons to relax to lower energy levels, emitting light that is detected by a photo-multiplier tube (PMT), which is then converted to an electronic signal.

  10. photo-multiplier tube

  11. The electronic signal is then converted to discrete (digital) values and placed into the image processor pixel map. • Imaging plates can theoretically be re-used thousands of times if they are handled carefully, although handling under industrial conditions may result in damage after a few hundred uses. An image can be erased by simply exposing the plate to a room-level fluorescent light.

  12. POST-PROCESSING

  13. The digital image can then be viewed and enhanced using software that has functions very similar to other conventional digital image-processing software, such as contrast, brightness, filtration and zoom.

  14. Change the contrast Curve 1 Curve2

  15. Subtraction