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What counts as evidence in linguistics?. WHAT IS UNIVERSAL GRAMMAR?. A system of grammatical rules and constraints believed to underlie all natural languages . What counts as evidence for innateness claims. Species-specificity domain-specificity the logical problem of language acquisition

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What counts as evidence in linguistics?


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    1. What counts as evidence in linguistics?

    2. WHAT IS UNIVERSAL GRAMMAR? A system of grammatical rules and constraints believed to underlie all natural languages

    3. What counts as evidence for innateness claims • Species-specificity • domain-specificity • the logical problem of language acquisition • genetic evidence • Universality and topological evidence

    4. What counts as evidence for innateness claims • Species-specificity • domain-specificity • the logical problem of language acquisition • genetic evidence • Universality and topological evidence

    5. What counts as evidence for innateness claims • Species-specificity • domain-specificity • the logical problem of language acquisition • genetic evidence • Universality and topological evidence

    6. What counts as evidence for innateness claims • Species-specificity • domain-specificity • the logical problem of language acquisition • genetic evidence • Universality and topological evidence

    7. What counts as evidence for innateness claims • Species-specificity • domain-specificity • the logical problem of language acquisition • genetic evidence • Universality and topological evidence

    8. What counts as evidence for innateness claims • Species-specificity • domain-specificity • the logical problem of language acquisition • genetic evidence • Universality and topological evidence

    9. What counts as evidence for innateness claims • Species-specificity • domain-specificity • the logical problem of language acquisition • genetic evidence • Universality and topological evidence

    10. What counts as evidence for innateness claims • Species-specificity • domain-specificity • the logical problem of language acquisition • genetic evidence • Universality and topological evidence

    11. Brief History

    12. Brief History • The 19th century: evolutionary biology

    13. Brief History • The 19th century: evolutionary biology • Early 20th century: sociology and psychology

    14. Brief History • The 19th century: evolutionary biology • Early 20th century: sociology and psychology • End of the 20th century: cognitive psychology/sciences

    15. Popper and the principle of the falsification A scientist, whether theorist or experimenter, puts forward statements, or systems of statements, and tests them step by step. In the field of empirical sciences, more particularly, he constructs hypotheses, or systems of theories, and tests them against experience by observation and experiment. Popper.

    16. EXPERIMENT By Johnson, Ohio state university, Columbus, Ohio

    17. Given sentences

    18. For the sentences in table 1 this point should be between the 3rd and 4th for list 1 sentences . For the list 2- between the 5th and 6th words, and between the 2nd and 3rd

    19. Results To test the difference between the groups each S scored for the total number of words given correctly for the total number of words given correctly across the 13 trials. The mean for group 1 is 337, for group 2 is 365.

    20. Analysis

    21. first phrase of the list 1 sentences. The probabilities were computed across all sentences and all Ss.

    22. Common misconceptions concerning the nature of the linguistic data • “Psychologically real” data

    23. Common misconceptions concerning the nature of the linguistic data • “Psychologically real” data • Spontaneous speech data as privileged evidence

    24. Common misconceptions concerning the nature of the linguistic data • “Psychologically real” data • Spontaneous speech data as privileged evidence • Competence data VS performance data

    25. Types of empirical data (i) qualitative vs. quantitative data, (ii) direct vs. indirect evidence, (iii) spontaneous vs. elicited data.

    26. Types of empirical data (i)qualitative vs. quantitative data (ii) direct vs. indirect evidence (iii) spontaneous vs. elicited data

    27. Types of empirical data (i) qualitative vs. quantitative data (ii) direct vs. indirect evidence (iii) spontaneous vs. elicited data

    28. Types of empirical data (i) qualitative vs. quantitative data, (ii) direct vs. indirect evidence, (iii) spontaneous vs. elicited data

    29. “Third kind” of evidence …Computer modeling