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By Mahesh Singh , IFS Member Secretary, GWSSB Water Supply Department Government of Gujarat. Water Index - Scenario. Highly Populated Continent comes under Water Stressed. Surface Water Scenario – Gujarat State. India (1869000 MCM). Gujarat 2.03% (38000 MCM).
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By Mahesh Singh, IFS Member Secretary, GWSSB Water Supply Department Government of Gujarat
Water Index - Scenario Highly Populated Continent comes under Water Stressed
Surface Water Scenario – Gujarat State India (1869000 MCM) Gujarat 2.03% (38000 MCM)
Total 185 Rivers in Gujarat State out of Which only 8 are perennial located in Southern Gujarat Drinking water scarcity felt in almost 2/3rd part of the State • Fresh water availability - India & Gujarat
Ground Water 1970s' Fresh aquifer Fossil water
If no solution….…??? No water
Problems of Drinking Water Seasonal Scarcity Salinity Nitrate Fluoride As per Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission Survey 2003-04 • Long coastline (1600 Kms.) & Gulf–Salinity ingress • Hills and Low recharge • Excessive exploitation of ground water • Recurrent Droughts
Problems of Drinking Water Problem Areas Quality Problems Fluorosis
Efficient Water Management by Paradigm Shift Ground Water to Surface Water Inter-basin transfer of water from water surplus area to water scarce area. Narmada Water to 9633 villages and 131 towns of Saurashtra, Kachchh, North Gujarat and Panchmahal areas of Gujarat State. Regional water supply schemes based on Irrigation Reservoir/Canals in Central & South Gujarat
State Wide Drinking Water Grid based on Narmada Canal Drought proofing of Saurashtra, Kachchh, North Gujarat & Panchmahals
Pipeline laid under State wide Drinking Water Grid • The Length of pipeline laid under State wide drinking water grid is as much as whole Earth can be wrapped 3 times. • 2678 Kms. – Bulk Pipeline • 120769 Kms – Distribution Pipeline • About 3.90 Cr. Population of 11307 villages and 131 towns is covered and about 2900 MLD Water is supplied through Water Supply Grid.
Infrastructure Creation • 2678 Km Bulk Water Transmission main • 120769 Km Distribution pipeline • 181 Water Treatment Plant of 2900 MLD Capacity. • 23693 Storage Reservoir
Infrastructure Creation • 11307 Villages and 131 Towns are connected through Water Grid. • 3.90 Crore Population of the State is supplied about 280 Crore liter water daily. • 2,24,049 Handpumps Installed. • 7688 Mini Pipe Schemes Functional.
Village Level Water Management WASMO Special Purpose Vehicle for Community Empowerment in Achieving Drinking Water Security To enable communities to have adequate, safe and sustainable drinking water supply and improved habitat by ensuring empowerment and active community management of natural resources, leading to an improvement in their living standards
Village Level Water Management Objectives: • To empower rural community through PaniSamitis • To work as a proactive facilitator and provide technical, social and financial support to PaniSamitis • To build strong partnerships with NGOs and stake holders to strengthen local self governance for efficient service delivery. • To encourage adoption of best practices and habitat improvement by taking up exhaustive IEC.
WASMO Building Up Partnership International- UNICEF, Water Aid, CARE, Government Departments Convergence • Collaborations • Sharing resources • Sharing knowledge • Innovations WASMO Nodal Agency NGOs • Information • Organizing community • Intermediation • Building social cohesion • Building trust • Counter to corruption Village local body, Community based organizations Facilitation
Formation of PaniSamities & Household Tap Connectivity 76.00% 2013 Against National average of household tap connectivity of 34% Gujarat has achieved 76% tap connectivity.