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Agriculture and Cooperation Department Government of Gujarat. Gujarat Agriculture XI PLAN Outcomes & Strategies. May 18 th , 2009. “One's destination is never a place but rather a new way of looking at things.”. - Henry Miller. Total Geographical Area: 196 lakh hectares
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Agriculture and Cooperation Department Government of Gujarat Gujarat Agriculture XIPLAN Outcomes & Strategies May 18th, 2009
“One's destination is never a place but rather a new way of looking at things.” - Henry Miller
Total Geographical Area: 196 lakh hectares Net Area Sown: 101 lakh hectares Total Cropped Area: 128 lakh hectares Agro Climatic Zones: 8 Gross Irrigated area: 36% Net Irrigated area: 34.4% Total Operational land holder: 42.4 lakh Average land holding: 2.33 ha Gujarat Agriculture at a Glance
Gujarat Climate • Mega thermic category with mean soil temperature exceeding 28°C. • Air temperature in January normally remains over 10°C. Maximum temperature in May goes over 45°C in north and north-west Gujarat. • Rainfall is the most dominant climatic factor. Average rainfall is 972 mm, received in 35 days mostly from June to September with a coefficient of variation (CV) of 50%. • Spatially it ranges from 300 mm in north-west to 2,200 mm in south-east. • 12 out of 26 districts of Gujarat are drought prone. • 24.94% area falls under arid and 33.56% is under semi arid area region.
Annual Rainfall – Gujarat (in mm) Average = Years 1998 to 2007
GUJARAT Area in lakh ha.
GUJARAT AGRICULTURE AT A GLANCE Major Crops: Kharif: Cotton, Groundnut, Sesamum, Castor, Paddy, Bajra, Maize, Tur, Green Gram, Sugarcane Rabi / Summer: Wheat, Rice, Maize, Mustard, Gram, Groundnut, Bajra Major Rainfed Crops: Bajra, Groundnut, Sesame, Pigeon pea, Green Gram, Gram, Desi Cotton, Sorghum, Soyabean
DISTRICT & MAJOR CROPS Pm, Mu, Ca W, Mu, Ca Co, So Sc, Fc
Irrigation Potential in Gujarat (lakh ha) 10 Source: Narmada, Water resource, Water supply & Kulpasar department
Crop Performance: Area (lakh ha) Normal shows average of 2001-02 to 2005-06, Last 3 yr 2006-07 to 2008-09
Production Performance: (lakh tonnes) Normal shows average of 2001-02 to 2005-06 , Last 3 yr 2006-07 to 2008-09
Productivity Performance: (Kg./Ha.) Normal shows average of 2001-02 to 2005-06, Last 3 yr 2006-07 to 2008-09
Targeted outcomes Production increase @ 6 % Area increase @ 3 % Productivity increase @ 7 %
Major inputs required for Agriculture Production:-(1)Seed: HYV, Improved variety (2) Fertilizer: Including organic fertilizer (3) Pesticide: Includes bio pesticides, weedicides (4) Irrigation Facilities: Includes Drip & SprinklersTo fulfill the basic input needs, required sufficient credit support to farmers at proper time with reasonable interest rate and easy availability.
SEED SUPPLY – XI Plan • Projection for targeted distribution is based on • 25 % SRR for self pollinated crops, except Groundnut • 35 % SRR for cross pollinated crops • 100 % for Hybrid crops
SEED - SRR To fulfill the SRR target, State Govt has the scheme to provide financial assistance on additional Certified seed production with provision of 20.00 Crores in State Budget
Projection for fertilizer Ratio to be achieved through: Soil health card program, Awareness on Balanced use of fertilizer & promotion of Organic components.
Input Management • 100% Seed treatment & Distribution of seed dressing • drums • Promotion of IPM & awareness for proper pesticide application technique • Promotion of Botanical pesticides & Biological pest control • Use of Biocides and agent will be popularized. • Strengthening of pest surveillance & forecasting system. • Strengthening of infrastructure development of biological control agents. • Promotion of Vermi-compost, Bio fertilizers, Organic farming & certification • Strengthening of Quality control laboratories
Farm mechanization • Financial assistance through CSS, State plan scheme • Micro irrigation (3.00 lakh ha in next 3 years) – GGRC • Training through FTC, KVK • Investment in processing sector – Global Investor summit • On farm value addition
Planning for development of Arid /Semiarid areas • Management of soil • Moisture conservation • Ground water recharging • Efficient use of irrigation water • Micro Irrigation • Balanced use of Fertilizers • Selection of the crop and varieties • Agricultural practices • Plant protection • Sustainable agriculture practices
Performance in central sector schmes
32 Projects sanctioned under RKVY for the year 2007-08 (Rs.in lakhs)
75 Projects sanctioned under RKVY for the year 2008-09 (Rs.in lakhs)
RKVY Performance (March-09 ending) (Rs in lakhs)
Mission Statement • To increase crop grown area of major agricultural crops to 111.5 lakhs ha. by the end of 11th plan, (97.49 lakh ha – 2008-09, 14% increase) • To increase production of major agricultural crops with the output of 231.3 lakh tonnes by the end of 11th plan, (159.70 lakh tonnes – 2008-09, 45% increase) • To increase gross productivity of major agricultural crops 2076 kg/ha by the end of 11th plan, (1638 kg/ha – 2008-09, 27% increase) • To ensure food and nutritional security with the production of 100.6 lakh tonnes by the end of 11th plan, (65.60 lakh tonnes – 2008-09, 53% increase)
Major Goals • To improve the economic viability of farming by focusing on farmers’ net income and to ensure that net income increases over time in a sustainable manner. • To mainstream the equity and gender dimensions. • To introduce and develop a social security for farmers. • To protect and improve the land, water, biodiversity and climate resources essential for sustained advances in the productivity. • To ensure nutrition security by increasing production and productivity. • To attract and retain youth and women in scientific farming. • To develop Gujarat as an Agri Business hub.
Integrated Extension Activities Rabi campaign through kisan shibir, krushi-gosti, exhibition, krushi-mela Campaign for seed treatment in rabi-summer Extension for INM, IPM & judicious use of available irrigation water Implementation of ATMA, KCC Involving NGOs and PPP in extension services Publishing progressive farmers’ innovative practices Advice on crop planning and management at micro level by subject experts Training to the trainers (field extension staff) FFS, Block demonstration, Krishi mela, Prerana Pravas 46
NEW INITIATIVES & BEST PRACTICES ADOPTED BY STATE GOVT
New Initiatives of the State Government • Establishment of Green Revolution Company for Micro Irrigation. • One month long awareness creation programme “Krishi Mahotsav” • Issuance of Soil Health Cards (17.50 lakhs) • Three phase 24×7 electricity supply to all villages (Jyotigram Yojna) • Enabling of Contract Farming • Framing of Bio-technology Policy & Agri Business Policy • Policy for waste land utilization • Keen implementation of GOI initiatives: National Horticulture Mission, NFSM, RKVY, National Project on Organic Farming, ATMA, KCC • Residual Testing Laboratory: Navsari • 37 APMCs connected by futures market through NMCDX • 4 Agricultural Universities, 4 excellence center in each university
SWOT Analysis of Gujarat Agriculture
SWOT Analysis of Gujarat Agriculture STRENGTH • 8 Agro-climatic zones, Wide varieties of soil, More than 40 major crops • Predominance of non-food, high value crops --- i.e. cotton, castor, tobacco, isabgul, cumin, fennel, mangogroundnut, banana • Entrepreneurial farmers • Longest sea coastline • Well developed infrastructure • Agro Industries Policy • Well developed Co-operatives • Dominance in milk sector • Good Governance + original initiatives • Relatively strong marketing network • Recent attention to post harvest management