croatian punitive system
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
CROATIAN PUNITIVE SYSTEM

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 44

CROATIAN PUNITIVE SYSTEM - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 91 Views
  • Uploaded on

CROATIAN PUNITIVE SYSTEM. EDUCATIONAL REHABILITATION FACULTY, 2009 JURE ŽULJ, univ.spec crim. Your lecturer is Mr. Jure Žulj graduate criminalist and University specialist crime – univ.spec.crim. Superintendent in in juvenile correctional facility in Turopolje

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'CROATIAN PUNITIVE SYSTEM' - ailani


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
croatian punitive system

CROATIAN PUNITIVE SYSTEM

EDUCATIONAL REHABILITATION FACULTY, 2009

JURE ŽULJ, univ.spec crim.

slide2
Your lecturer is Mr. Jure Žulj
  • graduate criminalist and University specialist crime – univ.spec.crim.
  • Superintendent in in juvenile correctional facility in Turopolje
  • In his career has been on all the places related to the security of the prison
  • and jail, as well as leadership positions
  • Began as a department supervisor of security,
  • Was deputy chief of security in prison in Zagreb
  • Was head of security in prison in Zagreb – maximum security prison
  • Head of security in the prison system,
  • Assistant superintendent in the institution for minors,
  • superintendent for facilities for minors,
  • superintendent in maximum security prison in Glina,
  • Assistant to the security of the entire system,
  • He performed the tasks of Director Administration
  • Counselors Training
  • 26 years of experience, (5 years spent in the basic police)
  • Today he is superintendent in medium security prison in Turopolje

2

genaral purpose of sanctions
GENARAL PURPOSE OF SANCTIONS
  • UNDER CRIMINAL LAW – THAT ALL CITIZENS RESPECT THE LEGAL SYSTEM AND THAT NO ONE COMMITS A CRIMINAL OFFENSE
  • THAT THE PERPETRATORS OF CRIMES IN THE FUTURE SO BEHAVE
criminal legal sanctions
CRIMINAL / LEGAL SANCTIONS
  • fine, prison (replaced: supletory, work for the common good
  • action alerts – legal warning, suspendedsentence, suspended sentence with the protective supervsion
  • security measures – mandatory psychological treatment, treatment of addicts, prohibition to conduct vocations, prohibition of operating a motor vehicile, appropriation items, expulsion of foreigners
  • educational /correctional measures are regulated by law on the courts foryoung people (up to 21yo)
alternative sentences
ALTERNATIVE SENTENCES
  • WORK FOR THE COMMON GOOD – substitutes imprisonment up to 6 months
  • CONDITIONAL SENTENCE WITH PROTECTIVE SUPERVISION(parole)
  • IMPLEMENTATION OF NATIONAL PROBATION SERVICE TO 2010.
sentence
SENTENCE
  • 4 FUNCTIONS:
  • Intimidation (specific, general )
  • Disabling (closedown )
  • Retribution (punishment according to desert )
  • Rehabilitation (changing the perpetrators, behavior modifying)

PREVENTION

  • General
  • Special
purpose of prison
PURPOSE OF PRISON
  • Human treatment and respect, for the dignity of people at the prison sentence, training for life at large according to the law and social policy
  • During the time served in prison, prisoner’s fundamental rights are fully protected by the Constitution, international treaties and Law Execution of Sentences of Imprisonment (LESI /ZIKZ)
who is located in the penal institutions
WHO IS LOCATED IN THE PENAL INSTITUTIONS
  • PRISONERS
  • DETAINEES
  • TO KEEP A PERSON/LOCK-UPS ( 24 -48 HOURS, JUDGE )
  • MISDEMEANOR PENALTY
  • YOUNG OFFENDERS (SPECIAL CORRECTIONAL FACILLITY)
some internal legal sources
SOME INTERNAL LEGAL SOURCES
  • CONSTITUTION
  • CRIMINAL LAW
  • LAW ON CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
  • LAW ON THE EXECUTION OF SENTENCES OF IMPRISONMENT
  • LAW ON THE YOUTH COURTS
  • LAW ON OFFENSES
  • LAW ON PROTECTION OF PERSON WITH MENTAL DISORDERS
  • FAMILY LAW
  • LAW ENFORCEMENT
  • BY LAWS
some international regulations
SOME INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS
  • European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms,
  • Standard minimum rules,
  • European minimum rules for the treatment of prisoners,
  • European Convention of the Prevention of Torture, Inhuman or degrading Treatment or Punishment,
  • Numerous recommendations ( about the work, detention, education, crowding etc.)
prison system
PRISON SYSTEM

Organization

slide12
ADMINISTRATION OF PRISON SYSTEM

DIRECTOR

Central office

OFFICE ADMINISTRATIVE JOBS

TRATMENT SERVICES

SECURITY SERVICE

PROGRAMMING AND MONITORING THE PERFORMANCE OF PRISON SERVICE

DEPARMENT- OF LEGAL, ORGANIZATI-ONAL AND PERSONNEL AFFAIRS

DEPARMENT FOR EMPLOYMENT PRISONERS

DEPARMENT TREATMENT OF PRISONERS AND JUVENILES

DEPARMENT EXECUTION OF PROTECTIVE SUPERVISION AND WORK FOR COMMON GOOD

DEPARMENT SECURITY PRISON AND JAIL

DATA PROCESSING DEPARMENT SPECIAL TREATMENT AND TEHNICAL PROTECTION

DEPARMENT OF DIAGNOSTIC AND PROGRAMING

DEPARMENT FOR EVALUATION AND IMPROVEMENT EXECUTION PENALTIES

JAIL

GLINA, LEPOGLAVA, LIPOVICA-POPOVAČA,

POŽEGA, TUROPOLJE, VALTURA, ZATVORSKA BOLNICA

EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTE

(POŽEGA, TUROPOLJE)

PRISON

BJELOVAR, DUBROVNIK, GOSPIĆ, KARLOVAC, OSIJEK, POŽEGA, PULA, RIJEKA, SISAK, SPLIT, ŠIBENIK, VARAŽDIN,ZADAR, ZAGREB

CENTER FOR EDUCATION

slide13
JAIL
  • MEASURES OF DETENTION(JUDGE),
  • AFTER THE SENTENCE IS PRONOUNCED IN CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS (UP TO 6 MONTHS)
  • SENTENCE PRONOUNCED IN A MISDEMEANOR OR OTHER LEGAL PROCEEDINGS AND SENTENCE WHICH WAS REPLACED BY FINE
  • 14 PRISONS
  • MAXIMUM SECURITY (WITH MEDIUM AND MINIMUM SECURITY DEPARTMENTS,
prison
PRISON
  • SENTENCE PRONOUNCED IN CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS OF MORE THAN 6 MONTHS
  • 7 PRISONS
  • 3 MAXIMUM SECURITY PRISONS (LEPOGLAVA, GLINA, PRISON HOSPITAL IN ZAGREB),
  • 3 MEDIUM SECURITY PRISONS (LIPOVICA, POPOVAČA, POŽEGA, AND TUROPOLJE),
  • 1 MINIMUM SECURITY PRISON (VALTURA )
correctional facilities
CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES
  • EDUCATIONAL/CORRECTIONAL MEASURES
  • 2 INSTITUTIONS

- TUROPOLJE

- POŽEGA

c omparison by security levels
COMPARISON BY SECURITY LEVELS

MEDIUM AND MINIMUM SECURITY PRISONS

  • no strong physical barriers (concrete wall )
  • no video surveillance
  • no official dogs (preventing escape, finding drugs and explosives)
  • less number of security officers
  • greater freedom of movement for prisoners
  • greater benefitsfor prisoners
  • specific measures of order, security; increased surveillance, separation and bonding can be applied
maximum security prisons
MAXIMUM SECURITY PRISONS
  • strong physical barrier (concrete wall )
  • barbed wire on top of the wall
  • constant external security in form of security officers carrying weapons (guns, rifles )
  • video surveillance
  • official dogs
  • greater number of security officers
  • less freedom of movement for prisoners
reception of p risoners
RECEPTION OF PRISONERS
  • JUDGE SENDS THE CONVICT TO PRISONFOR LONGER THAN 6 MONTHS
  • PUNISHMENT UP TO 6 MONTHS,

SOME ELEMENTS OF THE RECEPTION;

  • IDENTIFICATION
  • CONFISCATION AND STORAGE OF THINGS, MONEY…
  • MEDICAL EXAMINATION,
  • INTRODUCING THE RIGHTS TO THE PRISONER,
deparment of diagnosticsand programming
DEPARMENT OF DIAGNOSTICSAND PROGRAMMING
  • Formed as a Center for Diagnostics in1987.
  • Purpose:
    • classification of prisoners
    • Detection and diagnosis of high-risk factors (static and dynamic)
    • Recommending procedures to meet the demands and risks
    • Proposal of individual program during theimprisonment
accommodation and food
ACCOMMODATION AND FOOD
  • OVERCROWDING EFFECTS CAN BE SEEN MOST IN THE COMFORT OF PRISONERS
  • LEGAL STANDARD 4sq.meters and 10 cubic meters
  • CONDITIONS THAT HAVE TO FE FULLFILLED; spatial

hygienic

health

clothing and footwear

food

prison population
PRISON POPULATION

Distribution of prisoners regarding recidivism

Year total returnees %

order and safet y
ORDER AND SAFETY
  • Maintaining order and security is the mainrole of security officers
  • The role of treatment in maintaining security is appliedindirectly, through the creation of treatment and supporting possitive climate, professional work and implementation of regulations,
  • Special measures of maintaining order and security,
  • Types of pressure
special measures maintaining oreder and security
SPECIAL MEASURES MAINTAINING OREDER AND SECURITY

Special measures and security are;

  • Stronger surveillance,
  • Temporary confiscation of things that usually are allowed,
  • Separation from other prisoners,
  • Accomodation in special cells with no dangerous goods,
  • Accomodation to the department of stronger surveillance,
  • handcuffing and shackles when needed,
  • Solitary

All special measures except solitary(judge), are ordered by

the superintendent or the person which is authorized by him.

Superintendent may order the implementation of special

measures for accommodation in department for stronger

surveilance.

the prison conducts the following under authorization by the prison physician
THE PRISON CONDUCTS THE FOLLOWING UNDER AUTHORIZATION BY THE PRISON PHYSICIAN:
  • Accomodation in special room with no dangerous stuff,
  • Accomodation to the department of stronger surveillance,
  • Handcuffing and shackles when needed,
  • Solitary
applied security measures in 2008 in prison system
APPLIED SECURITY MEASURES IN 2008 IN PRISON SYSTEM
  • stronger surveillance – 1996
  • confiscation ofnormally allowed stuff – 261
  • separation from other prisoners – 306
  • Accommodation –special room with no dangerous stuff– 279
  • Accommodation at the department for stronger surveilance – 55
  • Handcuffing and shackles – 147
  • Solitary - 3
disciplinary m easures
DISCIPLINARY MEASURES
  • lower level of disciplinary measures (eg. When prisoner rejects direct orders, spends time in forbidden area, possesses forbbiden stuff…)
  • higher level of disciplinary transgressions (eg. In case of physical attack, substance abuse, destruction of peoples’ property, escape or attempted escape, refuses to drug testing or testing for infectious diseases…)
type s of pressure apllied to inmates
TYPES OF PRESSURE APLLIED TO INMATES

1. procedures for arrest and the techniques of defense

2. stick (batons)

3.water hose

4. chemicals (mace)

5. firearms

procedures for arrest and defence techniques
PROCEDURES FOR ARRESTAND DEFENCE TECHNIQUES
  • Specific manuevars are applied during arrest to overcome passive resistance
  • Specific manuevars in case of attack
  • Along with the specific manuevars officers can use mace in order to control active or passive resistance
application of batons
APPLICATION OF BATONS
  • To overcame active resistance
  • They can use both batons and aerosols
  • Other types of batons (other than rubber) have to be approved by the superintendent – when it comes to serious violations of order
application of water jets and chemical
APPLICATION OF WATER JETS AND CHEMICAL
  • when it comes to serious violations of order involved more prisoners in the same place
  • when prisoner are closing themselves in a room (barricade) – chemical application allowed )
application of fire arms
APPLICATION OF FIRE ARMS
  • during the attack, which threatens the life of prisoners, civil servants and employees or others in prison
  • to avoid escape from prison or jail
  • to avoid prisoners’ escape during transfer to the prison
job requierments for security officers
JOB REQUIERMENTSFORSECURITY OFFICERS
  • Person who’s applying for the job must meet the following conditions;
  • To be free of the obligation of military service
  • Maximum age is 30 and high school diploma is required
  • must have certain physical characteristic and mental health
  • Must be a Croatian citizen
  • Not involved in criminal proceedings against him
official id and authorization s
OFFICIAL ID AND AUTHORIZATIONS
  • Given the authorized * Type “A” – director of

officials, there are administration and other

types of ID cards personnel in central office

“A”, “B”, “C”, “D” * Type “B” – jail and prison

department security

*Type “C”- treatment and

training center (personnel) department

*Type “D” - person who is part of

Criminal Justice System

cooperation with other goverment bodies and organization s
COOPERATION WITH OTHER GOVERMENT BODIES AND ORGANIZATIONS
  • During the individual program of enforcing prison setence, prisons cooperate with:
  • Courts
  • Judge
  • DA
  • USKOK (special DA office; corruption, organized crime)
  • Police
  • Center for Social Welfare
  • Medical facilities
  • NGOs (non-goverment/non-profit organisations)
capacity
CAPACITY
  • capacity of the prison system in 31.12.2007. amounted to 3116 beds
  • overcrowding is particularly visible in the maximum security prisons – reaches up to 150%
  • Prison population is growing in the whole world, now is already about 9,25 million imprisoned
consequences of over crowding
CONSEQUENCES OF OVERCROWDING
  • Large number of prisoners causes problems in terms of classification and categorization,
  • Big issue is to enable the prisoners to work,
  • Deterioration of living conditions,
  • Difficulties in the regulation of quality of life and types of social interactions,
  • Loss of privacy to a large extent
  • Increased number of complaints from prisoners resulting in private law suits…
attempts to solve the problem of overcrowding
ATTEMPTS TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM OF OVERCROWDING
  • Building new prisons
  • Use of alternative sanctions (reduction of short sentences and detention) recommended by the European Council R (99) 22
  • Enabling rehabilitation through probation
  • Primary prevention and targeted action on the high-risk groups
ad