Migration is Global • In 2011, 215 million live outside country of birth • 700 million migrate within their country • Demographic forces, globalization, climate change will continue this trend
Why do people migrate? Push & Pull factors • Economics • Politics • Social Forces
Economic Causes of Migration • Migration in search of better economic conditions, employment. • “Guest workers” to European cities. • Migration to escape: • Overpopulation • Poor climate conditions • Natural disasters
Political Causes of Migration • Refugees = large migratory number • Refugee = person outside country to escape war, invasion, military takeover, or ethnic and/or religious persecution • Refugees and their “stateless status” become issues in international conflicts.
Social Causes of Migration • To spread a religion • To reunite with family, friends, etc. who have previously migrated • To find personal freedom, not necessarily as the result of persecution
Effectsof migration? • On Immigrants: • Issues of identity, • Adaptation & assimilation • Cultural values between generations • On Host Country: • + & - econ. Issues • Welfare demands • Social attitudes
Effects of Immigration • On Home Country • Remittances • Money sent home by workers • $372 bill. In 2011 to developing nations • Important lifeline for poor households • Families left behind • Families left without both parents • Traditional societies threatened • “Brain drain” • Young people educated elsewhere but do not return home, stay in host country where the money is better • Population decrease
Now let’s think about migration • As you view the following maps think about • Why did the migration take place? • What effect did the did the migration have on the home region? On the host region? • Can you connect the migration to major events in history?
Hun Empire threatens Europe and Asia (4th-6th centuries) • Huns help weaken the Roman Empire under Attila • White Huns invade India during the Gupta Empire • Huns (Xiongnu) invade Han Dynasty (Mulan)
Forced Migration The Trail of Tears, 1838
POV Statement Tell the reader why the author says what he or she said. _______________ , the author of doc. ___ believes _________________________________________ because he/she is a __________________________ and therefore he/she___________________________