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Introduction to Migration

Introduction to Migration

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Introduction to Migration

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  1. Introduction to Migration

  2. Migration is Global • In 2011, 215 million live outside country of birth • 700 million migrate within their country • Demographic forces, globalization, climate change will continue this trend

  3. Why do people migrate? Push & Pull factors • Economics • Politics • Social Forces

  4. Economic Causes of Migration • Migration in search of better economic conditions, employment. • “Guest workers” to European cities. • Migration to escape: • Overpopulation • Poor climate conditions • Natural disasters

  5. Political Causes of Migration • Refugees = large migratory number • Refugee = person outside country to escape war, invasion, military takeover, or ethnic and/or religious persecution • Refugees and their “stateless status” become issues in international conflicts.

  6. Social Causes of Migration • To spread a religion • To reunite with family, friends, etc. who have previously migrated • To find personal freedom, not necessarily as the result of persecution

  7. Effectsof migration? • On Immigrants: • Issues of identity, • Adaptation & assimilation • Cultural values between generations • On Host Country: • + & - econ. Issues • Welfare demands • Social attitudes

  8. Effects of Immigration • On Home Country • Remittances • Money sent home by workers • $372 bill. In 2011 to developing nations • Important lifeline for poor households • Families left behind • Families left without both parents • Traditional societies threatened • “Brain drain” • Young people educated elsewhere but do not return home, stay in host country where the money is better • Population decrease

  9. Now let’s think about migration • As you view the following maps think about • Why did the migration take place? • What effect did the did the migration have on the home region? On the host region? • Can you connect the migration to major events in history?

  10. Out of Africa: Earliest Human Migration

  11. Migrations to the Americas

  12. Indo-European Migrations (4000 BCE -1000 BCE)

  13. Bantu Migrations (c.500 BCE-1000 CE)

  14. Jewish Diaspora

  15. Hun Empire threatens Europe and Asia (4th-6th centuries) • Huns help weaken the Roman Empire under Attila • White Huns invade India during the Gupta Empire • Huns (Xiongnu) invade Han Dynasty (Mulan)

  16. The Spread of Islam (630-1700)

  17. Viking Migrations (9th -11th centuries)

  18. The Mongol Invasions (13th-15th centuries)

  19. Forced Migration

  20. Forced Migration The Trail of Tears, 1838

  21. Migration due to religious persecution

  22. Current Migrations

  23. Which migration had the most significant impact? Why?

  24. The Green Revolution

  25. POV Statement Tell the reader why the author says what he or she said. _______________ , the author of doc. ___ believes _________________________________________ because he/she is a __________________________ and therefore he/she___________________________