CONTENTS • Turkey in Brief • Educational Administration • Financing Education • Distribution of Schools and Teachers
TURKEY • Language • Turkish • Latin Alphabet • Religion • Muslim • Political Structure • Democracy • Economy • Tourism
Educational Administration • centralized under the Ministry of National Education • MoNE responsible for: • drawing up curricula, • coordinating the work of official, private and voluntary organizations, • designing and building schools, • developing educational materials and so on.
Financing Education • Public education is supported from the central government, • Primary education is also supported locally, mainly for the construction and maintenance of schools. • About 10 % of the general budget is allocated for education.
Pre-school Education • Optional • Pre- primary schools and pre-primary classes in primary schools • Adjunct to the public education system rather than being an integral part of it
Primary Education • compulsory for every child as soon as they reach the age of six. • compulsory schooling for both boys and girls, • In public schools: free • 99 % of the children in this age group attend schools
General Secondary Schools General Lycees Anatolian Lycees Science Lycees Teacher Training Lycees Evening Lycees Social Lycees. Sport Lycees. Technical and Vocational Schools Multi-Purpose Lycees Anadolu Fine Arts Lycees Male Technical Educational Institutions Industrial Training Lycees Trade and Tourism Vocational Schools Hotel Management and Tourism Lycees Islamic Theological Lycees Secondary Education
Higher Education • single-phase examination (OSS) held yearly by the Centre for Student Selection and Placement (OSYM) • 77 universities in Turkey http://www.yok.gov.tr/universiteler/uni_web.htm
Teacher Training • Primary, middle and secondary school teachers are required to complete a four-year university program and obtain a Bachelor Degree. • Technical and vocational secondary school teachers undertake a four-year technical education program at a university faculty of technical education leading to the Bachelor Degree.