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Federal Aviation Administration. Commercial Space: A New Frontier. Dr. George C. Nield Deputy Associate Administrator for Commercial Space Transportation January 9, 2007. Background. The U.S. space program today has 3 sectors: Civil Military Commercial

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Federal Aviation

Administration

Commercial Space:

A New Frontier

Dr. George C. Nield

Deputy Associate Administrator

for Commercial Space Transportation

January 9, 2007

background
Background
  • The U.S. space program today has 3 sectors:
    • Civil
    • Military
    • Commercial
  • The commercial sector was created in 1984 with the passage of the Commercial Space Launch Act.
  • Regulatory oversight for the commercial sector was given to the Office of Commercial Space Transportation, which was originally a staff office within the Department of Transportation.
  • Today, AST is one of the lines of business within the FAA.
the ast mission
The AST Mission

To ensure the protection of the public, property, and the national security and foreign policy interests of the United States during commercial launch and reentry activities, and to encourage, facilitate, and promote U.S. commercial space transportation.

who needs a launch license
Who Needs a Launch License?
  • Commercial Space Launch Act of 1984 requires U.S. citizens to obtain a license prior to conducting the launch of a launch vehicle
  • Only exception is for missions conducted by and for the government (such as launches by NASA or the U.S. Air Force)
  • Over the last 20 years, there have been 180 licensed launches, without any fatalities or property damage to the uninvolved public.
u s spaceports commercial and government active and proposed launch sites

Key

U.S. Federal

Launch Site

Non-Federal

FAA Licensed

Launch Site

Proposed

Non-Federal

Launch Site

¨

Mid-Atlantic

Regional Spaceport

California Spaceport

·

¨

Mojave Airport

Wallops Flight

Facility

·

Southwest Regional Spaceport

Oklahoma Spaceport

·

·

¨

¨

Edwards AFB

*

Vandenberg AFB

Gulf Coast Regional Spaceport

*

¨

*

Cape Canaveral Spaceport

- Kennedy Space Center

- Cape Canaveral Air Force Station

White Sands Missile Range

*

*

¨

·

*

Spaceport Florida

West Texas Spaceport

Blue Origin Spaceport

*

South Texas Spaceport

U.S. SpaceportsCommercial and Government Active and Proposed Launch Sites

·

Kodiak Launch Complex

Sea Launch Platform

Equatorial Pacific Ocean

Other interested states include Alabama,

Nevada, Ohio, Utah, Washington, and Wisconsin.

Reagan Test Site

Kwajalein Atoll, Marshall Islands

what s been happening in commercial space transportation
What’s Been Happening in Commercial Space Transportation?
  • Licenses and Permits Issued
  • Launches Conducted
  • New Companies Formed
  • Announcements Made
  • Regulations Published
8 18 06 nasa announces cots winners
8/18/06 - NASA Announces COTS Winners
  • As part of the Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) program, NASA has committed $500M in “seed money” for the private sector to develop and demonstrate the capability to deliver crew and cargo to the International Space Station.
  • After reviewing over 20 different proposals, NASA selected SpaceX and Rocketplane Kistler to receive Space Act Agreements.
  • The Agreements are fixed-price, and payments are based on accomplishing a series of programmatic milestones.
9 15 06 blue origin receives first ever launch permit
9/15/06 - Blue Origin Receives First-Ever Launch Permit
  • Company is headquartered in Seattle and is led by Jeff Bezos of Amazon.com.
  • A private launch site has been developed in West Texas.
  • The first unmanned test flight of their vertical-takeoff/ vertical-landing vehicle took place on November 13, 2006.
the spaceship company
The SpaceShip Company
  • Formed by Richard Branson (Virgin Group) and Burt Rutan (Scaled Composites)
  • Scaled will design, build, and test a fleet of 5 suborbital spaceships and 2 launch aircraft
  • Virgin Galactic will be the operator
  • Each vehicle will carry up to 6 passengers and 2 crew
  • Initial ticket price to be $200,000
  • Operations to start in 2008
12 15 06 human space flight regulations published
12/15/06 - Human Space Flight Regulations Published
  • Provides requirements for launch vehicles carrying flight crew and/or space flight participants (passengers)
  • Pilots must have an FAA pilot certificate with instrument rating
  • Safety-critical members of the flight crew must have a second class FAA medical certificate
  • Space flight participants must agree to accept the risks involved by providing informed consent in writing
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Up to this point, the launch of communications satellites using expendable launch vehicles (ELVs) has been the mainstay of the commercial space transportation industry.
  • However, development of a new market -- Commercial Human Space Flight -- appears to be well underway.
  • Congress, through the Commercial Space Launch Amendments Act, has challenged DOT and the FAA to “encourage, facilitate, and promote” this new activity in a way that continuously improves its safety.
  • The Office of Commercial Space Transportation is committed to doing our part to enable this exciting new part of the industry, while continuing our support for ELV operations.