The english renaissance 1485-1660. The Renaissance : Historical Context. A. The Monarchy and the Church 1 . The Tudors a. Henry Tudor took throne of England 1485 b. good leader c. arranged for son Henry to marry Catherine of Aragon (Spanish) . The Renaissance : Historical Context.
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The Renaissance: Historical Context A. The Monarchy and the Church 1. The Tudors a. Henry Tudor took throne of England 1485 b. good leader c. arranged for son Henry to marry Catherine of Aragon (Spanish)
The Renaissance: Historical Context A. The Monarchy and the Church 2. The Protestant Reformation a. dissatisfaction with Roman Catholic Church due to corruption b. Martin Luther: (1517) led the reformation c. creation of Protestant church as separate from the Catholic church
The Renaissance: Historical Context A. The Monarchy and the Church 3. The Church of England a. King Henry V111 (8th) wanted a male heir b. Wanted to divorce first wife, Catherine, in order to marry Anne Boleyn in order to have a son c. Pope of Catholic Church refused d. 1534: Henry broke away from Church, declared himself head of Church of England, married Anne
The Renaissance: Historical Context B. The Elizabethan Era 1. Elizabeth I (the First) a. daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn b. powerful leader i. kept England out of wars ii. Encouraged overseas adventures iii. Sensitive to public opinion c. leader of a great military power after defeating Spanish armada
The Renaissance: Historical Context C. The Rise of the Stuarts 1. King James I and his son, Charles I, angered the English people a. they were too extravagant in religious beliefs (followed the Anglican Church which was closer to Catholicism than Protestantism) b. fought with the Puritans c. led the country into civil war
The Renaissance: Historical Context D. The Defeat of the Monarchy 1. Civil War a. Royalists (Catholics, Anglicans, nobility) vs. supporters of Parliament (Puritans, smaller landowners, middle class) b. Puritans won = life became very strict (no theaters, forms of recreation suspended, Sunday was day of prayer only) 2. 1660: new parliament and monarchy was restored
The Renaissance: General • “Renaissance” = rebirth, revival • Marked by surge in creativity and modern worldview • Began in 1485 (Henry VII took the English throne) • Full force during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I • Ended in 1660
The Renaissance: Worldview • People began to place importance on: • Life on earth • The individual • The development of human potential • “Renaissance man” = well-rounded person who worked to achieve ultimate potential in many areas.
The Renaissance: Parts of life focused on: • Arts, theater, and literature • Beauty of nature • Human impulses • Exploration • Mastery over the world
The Renaissance: Creativity and Exploration • Important People: • Shakespeare • Galileo • Columbus • Important Inventions: • The compass • Gutenberg’s printing press
Pastoral Poetry • presents shepherd in idealized rural settings • Images of beautiful countryside • Portrays shepherds and the simple country life • Courtly language (fancy words that peasants wouldnot use. • expresses feeling and thoughts about love and other subjects
Inverted Syntax Inversion Example: “And we will all the pleasures prove” (line 2) Rewrite Example: “And we will prove all the pleasures”
“The Passionate Shepherd to His Love” 1. What is the shepherd’s attitude regarding love? a. Whom is the speaker addressing? b. What words does the speaker choose to use that tell you how he feels about love? c. What images does the speaker use give evidence of how he feels about love?
“The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” 1. What is the speaker’s attitude regarding love? a. Whom is the speaker addressing? b. What words does the speaker choose to use that tell you how she feels about love? c. What images does the speaker use give evidence of how she feels about love?