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Comparisons . As……….as . We use : as ( adjective/ adverb) as to compare two or more people or things. Noura is as tall as Hind. We can use this in affirmative and negative statements and questions. . As …….. as. Affirmative statements and questions:
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As……….as We use : as ( adjective/ adverb) as to compare two or more people or things. Noura is as tall as Hind. We can use this in affirmative and negative statements and questions.
As …….. as Affirmative statements and questions: • We use (as…as) to compare things that are the same in some way. • This market is as expensive as the others. • You are as busy as I am. • Are the cherries as nice as the strawberries?
As………as Negative statements and questions: We use (not as…as) to compare things that are different in some way. White rice isn’t as nutritious as brown rice. Ann doesn’t cook as fast as her mother. Ann isn’tas smart as her brother. Aren’t the cherries as good as the cherries last year?
Less …..than -We can use ( less (adjective/adverb) than ) in some negative comparisons. Ann is less beautiful than her sister. • We can use less with many adjectives of two or more syllables. NOT with one-syllable adjectives. White rice is less nutritious than brown rice. Brown ice cooks less quickly than white rice.
Comparisons with –er than and more than One-syllable adjectives and adverbs: • Add –erto most one-syllable adjectives and adverbs. Cherries are sweeter than strawberries. This market is cheaper than the others. Brown rice cooks slower than white rice.
If a word ends in one vowel and one consonant, double the lass consonant and add –er: Big: These eggs are bigger than those eggs. Fat: She is fatter than her brother.
- Two-syllable adjectives ending in –y: If a word ends in –y, change the y to i and add –er: Tasty: This fish is tastier than that fish. Healthy: Fruit is healthier than ice cream. Spicy: Thai is spicier than American food.
Adjectives and adverbs with two or more syllables: • Use (more adjective/adverb than): This shop is more expensive than the others. Fresh vegetables are more delicious than frozen ones. It’s more nutritious than white rice.
Irregular forms: Good >> better Cream tastes better than milk. Bad >> worse Coffee is worse for your health than tea. Far >> farther/ further This shop is farther than the supermarket.
As much/ As many …. as and More/Less/Fewer … than • We use as much/ as many … as to compare numbers or amounts of count and noncount nouns.
As much…. as Use as much ….. as with noncount nouns. Fruit juice doesn’t have as much sugar as soda. This dish has as much salt as that one. Does this tea have as much milk as the other one?
As many ….. as Use as many … as with plural count nouns. Does frozen yogurt have as many calories as ice cream? Carrots have as many vitamins as oranges.
More …. than Use more before plural count and noncount nouns: I eat more apples than oranges. She drinks more tea than coffee.
Less ….. than Use less … than only before noncount nouns. There is less sugar than salt in this sauce. There is less milk than coffee in this cup.
Fewer …… than Use fewer …. than only before plural count nouns. Canned food has fewer vitamins than frozen food. There are fewer apples than oranges in the kitchen.