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STRATEGIC PLANNING

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STRATEGIC PLANNING

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  1. STRATEGIC PLANNING

  2. STRATEGIC PLANNINGDEFINITIONS(1) • PLANNING PROCESS(2) • STRATEGIC

  3. strategic planning:PLANNING PROCESS(2) • NORMATIVE to DESCRIPTIVE • SUBJECTIVE to OBJECTIVE • WHY? to HOW? (who? , where?, what?, when?) • LONG-TERM VISION to IMMEDIATE ACTION • Basic VALUES to small STEPS

  4. strategic planningdefinitionsPLANNING PROCESS • EXISTENCE(3) • DIRECTION • KNOWLEDGE • ACTION • ASSESSMENT

  5. Strategic planningdefinitionsplanning processEXISTENCE • VALUES(4) • VISION • MISSION

  6. strategic planning: definitionsplanning process: existenceVALUES • Questions: Who are we? What do you believe? Why? • BELIEFS held by a high percentage of the community’s members and stakeholders. • CULTURAL NORMS that both encourage certain behavior but put limits on peoples’ behavior.

  7. strategic planning: definitionsplanning process EXISTENCE • VALUES • VISION(4) • MISSION

  8. strategic planning: definitionsplanning process: existence VISION • Questions: What do we want our world to look like in the future? • What are our aspirations for our community, or organization? • At this stage, go beyond what seems possible. Focus on what seems ideal. • Forget the petty differences.

  9. strategic planning: definitionsplanning process EXISTENCE • VALUES • VISION • MISSION(4)

  10. MISSION(4) • Questions: Why does our organization exist? • What are our strengths, capabilities? • How do we (can we) promote our vision of the future? (in gereral terms) • What do we do? • How do we do it? • For whom do we do it? • How do we excel?

  11. strategic planning: definitionsPLANNING PROCESS(2) • EXISTENCE • DIRECTION(3) • KNOWLEDGE • ACTION • ASSESSMENT

  12. strategic planning: definitionsplanning process DIRECTION • GOALS • OBJECTIVES • TARGETS

  13. strategic planning: definitionsplanning process DIRECTION • GOALS(4) • OBJECTIVES • TARGETS

  14. strategic planning: definitions: planning process: directionGOALS • Question: What should we try to achieve?

  15. strategic planning: definitions: planning process: directionGoals (continued) • State a small number of generalized goals to be achieved in a defined, but relatively long period of time. • Emphasis at this stage is not on realism or measurability but on direction.

  16. strategic planning: definitions: planning process:DIRECTION • GOALS • OBJECTIVES(4) • TARGETS

  17. strategic planning: definitions: planning process: directionMEASURABLE OBJECTIVES(4) • Question: How do we restate our goals so they are realistic, achievable and measurable?

  18. strategic planning: definitions: planning process: directionMEASURABLE OBJECTIVES (Continued)(4) • State from one to three objectives for each goal. • Objectives should be stated in a way that achievement is measurable. • Measurable means (1) that achievement can be judged, and (2) that degree of partial achievement can be determined.

  19. strategic planning: definitions: planning process: directionMEASURABLE OBJECTIVES (Continued, p.3)(4) • It is possible that progress toward one objective can contribute to more than one goal. • Establishment of measurable objectives requires some knowledge about the situation, & • The information required to measure progress informs the need to collect certain data. • Thus, some ‘knowledge’ comes before ‘objective’ in the chart.

  20. strategic planning: definitions: planning process:DIRECTION • GOALS • OBJECTIVES • TARGETS(4)

  21. TARGETS(4) • Question: What is success in the short term? • How do we know if we are on track?

  22. TARGETS (continued) • State short-term (one year) measurable objectives that promote the achievement of longer-term objectives. • Metrics used to quantify targets. • Targets used to select metrics

  23. PLANNING PROCESS • EXISTENCE • DIRECTION • KNOWLEDGE(3) • ACTION • ASSESSMENT

  24. strategic planning: definitions: planning process KNOWLEDGE • THEORY • INFORMATION • METRICS

  25. KNOWLEDGE • Ignore this one.

  26. strategic planning: definitions: planning process KNOWLEDGE • Environmental Scanning Methodologies • SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunitites, Threats) • PEST analysis (Political, Economic, Social, and Technological) • STEER analysis (Socio-cultural, Technological, Economic, Ecological, and Regulatory factors) • EPISTEL (Environment, Political, Informatic, Social, Technological, Economic and Legal)

  27. strategic planning: definitions: planning process KNOWLEDGE • Theory(4) • Information • Metrics

  28. Theory (4) • Questions, How do things work? • Systems Analysis: How do different parameters interrelate?* • Educated Guesses. • .

  29. Systems Analysis(5) • Unexpected feedback • Why common sense doesn’t work. • Why attacking problems never solves problems. • Science v. Expert System (Educated Intuition) • Modeling • Critical path

  30. strategic planning: definitions: planning process KNOWLEDGE • THEORY • INFORMATION • METRICS

  31. Information (4) • QUESTIONS: What do we know about the past and the present? • Do these provide hints about the future? • Straight-line trends. • Exponential trends • Tipping points*

  32. TIPPING POINT (5) *Epidemiology *System feedback and reinforcement * Positive synergy.

  33. Information • Quantitative and Non-quantitative Data

  34. KNOWLEDGE • Theory • Information • Metrics

  35. METRICS p.1 Definition Standards of measurement by which efficiency, performance, progress, or quality of a plan, process, or product can be assessed.

  36. METRICS p.2 ISSUES • Data Availability • Expense • Privace • Consistency • Selection: Parsamonious Data Collection

  37. METRICS p.3 Look to Measurable Objectives & Targets. Data Elements to Scan for Threats Consistency of Both Data Element & Methodology. Data Element Dictionary. Community Indicators.

  38. METRICS p. 4 • MANAGEMENT INFO SYSTEM (MIS) • Interrelate data elements • Balanced Scorecard • Dashboard • Share Metrics as Quickly as Possible with all Stakeholders

  39. PLANNING PROCESS • EXISTENCE • DIRECTION • KNOWLEDGE • ACTION • ASSESSMENT

  40. ACTIONS • Description* • Location* • Process / Tasks • Actors* • Resources • Results • Secondary Consequesces

  41. ACTION Description* Location* Process / Tasks Actors* Resources Results Secondary Consequesces

  42. Description Brief. Understandable to All Involved. 

  43. ACTION Description* Location* Process / Tasks Actors* Resources Results Secondary Consequesces

  44. Location Where? Centralized or Decentralized? Accessible? 

  45. ACTION Description* Location* Process / Tasks Actors* Resources Results Secondary Consequesces

  46. Actors Actors You Control Actors You Influence: How? Other Stakeholders Who Many Be Self Motivated Self-Actualization

  47. ACTION Description* Location* Process / Tasks Actors* Resources Results Secondary Consequesces

  48. PLANNING PROCESS • EXISTENCE • DIRECTION • KNOWLEDGE • ACTION • ASSESSMENT