chapter 7 life in the new nation
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Chapter 7 Life in the New Nation

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Chapter 7 Life in the New Nation. Section 2. Learning Targets. I can describe the spirit of improvement in American society during the early 1800s, including women’s role in promoting virtue.

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learning targets
Learning Targets
  • I can describe the spirit of improvement in American society during the early 1800s, including women’s role in promoting virtue.
  • I can show how the Industrial Revolution affected the nation’s economy through inventions such as the cotton gin.
  • I can provide example of the advances that produced “revolutions” in transporting and communication.
the spirit of improvement
The Spirit of Improvement
  • One way to improve life was through education
  • Mercy Otis Warren- wrote History of the American Revolution, which encouraged women to take up scholarly interests but to balance them with their domestic duties
  • Benjamin Rush- Doctor and scientist. Rush suggested mental illness was often a result of physical disease instead of the devil
  • Charles Wilson Peale- Created the 1st museum. Housed art and science, which was thought as luxury
  • Noah Webster- wanted better education for all, not just the prosperous (rich)
  • Webster went on to create the first major dictionary in the United States. He also created The American Spelling Book.
  • State constitutions required free education for all but that was hardly the case as many students went to academies/private schools
  • Schools had to teach Republican Virtues- things needed to govern yourself including, sacrificing individual needs for the good of the community, self-reliance, industry and frugality
the role of women
The Role of Women
  • The idea of showing the standard of republican virtues was then passed on to women.
  • Women would have an influence on the men who would rule, and vote in our nation.
  • To learn these virtues women would need to be allowed to attend school
  • Many schools created “female departments” for girls to attend
industrial revolution
Industrial Revolution
  • Industrial Revolution- Increasing production by using machines powered by sources other than humans or animals.
  • Several British inventions sparked this idea to help the textile or cloth-weaving industry
  • James Watt created the steam engine. It used the force from steam to create energy.
  • This invention was kept secret by the British. Anyone who knew about the design was not allowed to emigrate, or move from the country.
the industrial revolution
The Industrial Revolution
  • Samuel Slater- Slater emigrated to the US from GB and replicated the steam engine. By the time he died he was worth a million $.
  • The steam engine spread quickly in the New England region of the US
  • Robert Fulton- Credited with creating the steam boat – it used a steam engine to power the boat.
  • It could travel against the current
eli whitney
Eli Whitney
  • Eli Whitney- Gun maker who credited with the idea of Interchangeable Parts (all parts are made to an exact standard)
  • During the late 1700’s-early 1800’s all parts were individually made
  • Whitney also created the cotton gin (a machine that separated seeds from cotton)
  • In 1 day a person could clean 1,000 lbs of cotton with the gin and only 1 lb without it
cotton gin effects
Cotton Gin Effects
  • Profit per lb of cotton skyrocketed and the amount planted rose
  • It became the staple (main) crop for many southern planters
  • Planters looked for new land to grow cotton and settled in AL, MS, LA and TX
  • Slavery rose in the south to keep up with the large amounts of cotton being grown
transportation revolution
Transportation Revolution
  • Canals or artificial (man made) waterways were created to help with trade and transportation
  • The most famous canal was the Erie Canal which connected New York to Lake Erie
  • Roads were created to help with travel.
  • They were built by private individuals who would charge a toll, or a fee, to use the road.
  • An attendant would wait, collect the toll and then turn a pike, or a bar, that blocked the road- these roads were called turnpikes
  • The Cumberland Road (national built road using gravel and stone from Maryland to Ohio) was built by the government
  • Railroads were more durable and efficient.
  • Post Offices went from 75 in 1790 to 8,450 in 1830.
  • This made it easier to communicate with people in distant places
  • This also helped create a network of information by delivering newspapers, books and magazines.