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Syntax. Aka: Sentence structure. 5 Kinds of Sentences. Declarative--makes statements Ms. Kitchens is a funny dresser. Imperative--makes commands; sometimes contains the understood you Papers in the tray. Exclamatory--communicates strong emotion or surprise I love Ms. Kitchens!.

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syntax

Syntax

Aka: Sentence structure

5 kinds of sentences
5 Kinds of Sentences
  • Declarative--makes statements
    • Ms. Kitchens is a funny dresser.
  • Imperative--makes commands; sometimes contains the understood you
    • Papers in the tray.
  • Exclamatory--communicates strong emotion or surprise
    • I love Ms. Kitchens!
5 kinds of sentences1
5 Kinds of Sentences
  • Interrogative--asks questions
    • Why is Ms. Kitchens so strange?
  • Conditional--expresses wishes (if…then)
    • If Ms. Kitchens gives me an ‘A’, I will bring her non-fat lattes every Monday and Wednesday.
loose sentences
Loose Sentences
  • A loose sentences expresses the main thought near the beginning and is followed by explanatory material.
  • Ex: English is my favorite subject because we get to read awesome books, do cool assignments like beat poetry and drink milk with cookies.
    • What is the main thought here?
periodic sentences
Periodic Sentences
  • The main idea of a periodic sentence comes at the end of the sentence (near the period.)
  • Ex: In English, we get to read awesome books, do cool assignment like beat poetry and drink milk with cookies and that is why English is my favorite subject.
you practice
You practice
  • Here’s the main idea:
    • All beatniks were not drug addicts.
  • Write a loose sentence using this idea (remember, the main idea will come 1st)
practice
Practice
  • Now, write a periodic sentence using the same main idea:
    • All beatniks were not drug addicts
parallel sentences
Parallel Sentences
  • A sentence is parallel when words or phrases are stated in the same way, usually gramatically
  • Ex.: Ms. Kitchens likes to bake apple pie, eat with a fork and clean the kitchen.
    • What tense are all the verbs in?
    • What else is similar?
parallel sentences1
Parallel Sentences
  • Repitition can also lead to parallelism in a sentence or a paragraph:
  • Ex: “It was the best of times; it was the worst of times.”
  • Ex: “I have a dream…I have a dream…”

(This is repeated throughout King’s speech, making it parallel.)

parallel sentences2
Parallel Sentences
  • Write a parallel sentence of your own, either using the idea of repitition or grammatical similarity.
  • Check your partner’s paper.
mlk s i have a dream
MLK’s “I Have a Dream”
  • Write down what you know about Martin Luther King or the Civil Rights Movement…
mlk s i have a dream1
MLK’s “I Have a Dream”
  • One of the most recognized symbols of Civil Rights Movement
  • Delivered August 28, 1963
  • Part of March on Washington
    • 200,000 people (listen for them in the background)
    • Anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation
mlk s i have a dream2
MLK’s “I Have a Dream”
  • King’s speech is full of parallelism and a variety of different syntax. Listen through the first time, keeping an ear attuned for parallelism.
  • When we’re done listening, I’ll ask you to find loose and/or periodic sentences, plus the 5 types of sentences.
your dream
Your Dream
  • Here’s your chance to emulate Martin Luther King!
  • Using King’s “I Have Dream Speech,” write your own “I Have a Dream Speech.”
i have a dream
I Have a Dream
  • Your speech must:
    • Be at least 3/4 of a page (250-300 words)
    • Use some type of parallelism
    • Employ at least three different types of sentences (declarative, interrogative, conditional, etc.)
    • Must have at least one periodic sentence and one loose sentence
i have a dream analysis
“I Have a Dream” Analysis
  • What type of syntax does Martin Luther King employ in his “I Have a Dream Speech” and how does it further develop his purpose?
    • First, determine purpose
    • Next, figure out what kind of syntax he uses
    • Finally, how does that syntax help his purpose?
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