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HST 290: Practice of History – The First World War

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  1. HST 290: Practice of History – The First World War Dr. Sue McCaffray Kristin Andrews andrewsk@uncw.edu

  2. Your Current Research Skills? • How would you rate your current research skills? • Strong • Satisfactory • Needs improvement • Poor • What causes you the most anxiety/confusion/frustration with research?

  3. Our plan for the library sessions • Review Research Guide for this course. • Explore various search tools. • Learn to identify primary sources. • Become familiar with special services. • Interlibrary Loan • Ask a librarian

  4. Where to get help • Learning Commons Help Desk • In person • Telephone • Email • Chat • Text • By Appointment • Contact me directly: andrewsk@uncw.edu

  5. Resource Types • Primary vs. Secondary (more next time) • Articles • Scholarly • Popular • Books • Theses & Dissertations • Websites


  6. Finding Articles • Home page Article Search (WorldCat Local) • Databases A-Z • Individual databases • Databases by Subject • Citation Searching

  7. Database Exploration • America: History & Life • Historical Abstracts • JSTOR • Academic Search Complete

  8. Search tips • And, Or, Not • And narrows • Or adds synonyms/related • Not excludes (use carefully) France in World War I • France AND World War I • World War I OR Great War

  9. More Search Tips • Truncate for word variations • Advertis* = advertisement, advertising, advertisor • Words anywhere or phrase? • World War I vs. “World War I” • Field-specific searches • American Historical Review in Source

  10. Working from a known citation • Heider, Carmen. “Farm Women, Solidarity and the Suffrage Messenger: Nebraska Suffrage Activism on the Plains, 1915-1917." Great Plains Quarterly 32, no. 2 (Spring 2012): 113-130. • Does the library have it? • What format or location? • What online access?

  11. Working from a known citation • Dumenil, Lynn. "Women's Reform Organizations and Wartime Mobilization in World War I-Era Los Angeles." Journal Of The Gilded Age & Progressive Era 10, no. 2 (April 2011): 213-245. • Does the library have it? • What format or location? • What online access?

  12. Try it yourself!

  13. Finding Books • Library Catalog • local & UNCP/FSU • WorldCat Local • 9,000 libraries / ~1.2 billion items • Google Books (~12 million / ~7 million full-text) • Project Gutenberg (~40,000 books) • Some databases lead to books • Cited directly • Book reviews

  14. Keyword vs. Subject Searching • Keyword • Finds words anywhere in record. • Look at records to see subject headings. • Search lots of terms, word variations • Subject Headings • Controlled vocabulary • May not be “natural language” but may find more • Hierarchical arrangement helps narrow topic • Searches only the subject field

  15. Keyword vs. Subject in action • What is a useful Subject Heading for World War I? • Start with a keyword search, then look for subjects in the records retrieved. • Use subject headings to lead you to other titles • Same terms used in WorldCat

  16. Searching Personal Names • Keyword searches • Either order • Try name variations, e.g., initials • Author/Subject • Last name first, e.g. Wilson, Woodrow

  17. Looking at the catalog record • Item Info • Location (click for map) • Call # • Availability • Online Access • Cover, summary, reviews • Subjects for related items • Library of Congress outline • http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/lcco/lcco.html • SuDoc arranges by agency • Expanding search to UNCCLC • Add to Bag/Add to My Lists

  18. Finding Books – LC Call Nos. • Alpha-numeric • Single letters before double • First number is a whole number • Everything after the decimal point is a decimal value.

  19. LC Call Numbers

  20. LC Call Numbers

  21. Try it yourself!

  22. WorldCat • May find items at Randall that catalog search didn’t • Finds items for ILL requests • Rare items not lent • Rare items may be reprinted & available • Websites included – often w/ free access!

  23. Interlibrary Loan • Create an account/create a new account • Username – UNCW domain name • Password – UNCW password

  24. Next Class • Primary Sources • What they are • How to find them • Government Documents

  25. Questions? What will you do when you have questions?

  26. Ask for help – it’s what we do! Kristin Andrews andrewsk@uncw.edu General Library Help http://library.uncw.edu

  27. HST 290: Practice of History – The First World War Dr. Sue McCaffray Kristin Andrews andrewsk@uncw.edu

  28. Since last time… • How’s it going? • Any issues? • Guide

  29. Primary Sources • Diaries, journals, other writings of “players” • Eyewitness/observer accounts • Memoirs, autobiographies (written later) • Government & other official documents • Laws, treaties, reports, orders, transcripts of proceedings, addresses, congressional hearings, census records, etc. • Cartoons and Advertisements (of the time) • Photographs and images • Movies! • Interviews

  30. Primary or Secondary? • Scholarly article on the origins of the war. • The text of the Treaty of Versailles • An encyclopedia on World War I. • Collection of transcripts of interviews with world leaders published in a book. • A NY Times article about the history of World War I. • New York Times advertisements, found in the New York Times Archive database.

  31. Randall Catalog & WorldCat • Search general headings • World War Iand correspondence • Search specific headings or persons • as author (Wilson, Woodrow) • Look for items not tagged as primary source • Primary documents may be included in secondary sources • Eyewitness authors may not be tagged as sources

  32. Randall Catalog & WorldCat • Standard Subheadings • Correspondence • Diaries • Interviews • Personal narratives • Sources • Catalogs • Manuscripts • Pictorial Works • Portraits • Speeches • Notebooks/Sketch-books • Archives • Cartoons • Descriptions • Description and travel

  33. Periodicals and Newspapers • New York Times Archive • Times Digital Archive • Readers’ Guide Retrospective • Humanities and Social Sciences Index Retrospective • Newspapers on microfilm

  34. Digital Collections • Lots of collections • Libraries (UNCW Collections) • Library of Congress • UNC – Documenting the American South • American Memory • DPLA (Digital Public Library of America)

  35. Official Documents - Legal • Lexis Nexis Academic • Legal research • A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation – LOC • History of the Federal Judiciary – Federal Judicial Center • Historical Publications of the United States Commission on Civil Rights – Thurgood Marshall Law Library • Meta-Index for U.S. Legal Research – GSU College of Law

  36. So Many Collections So Little Time! • American Presidency Project • AMDOCS – Documents for the Study of American History • Hathi Trust >10,000,000 volumes • Project Gutenberg >42,000 e-books • Making of America • Cornell • University of Michigan • Online Speech Bank • Women and Social Movements in the US, 1600-2000

  37. Bibliographies—Follow the trail • Book-length (Reference Collection) • Secondary sources (books and journal articles) • Types • Classified (easiest to find primary sources) • Alphabetical • Footnotes/Endnotes • What can you find?

  38. Government Documents • FDLP – Federal Depository Library Program • was established by Congress to ensure that the American public has access to its Government’s information • anyone can access depository libraries and use its collections • Regional and Selective Depositories • UNCW is a large selective at @ 75% • Classified by publishing agency • SuDocs

  39. Government Documents • Fdsys – Federal Digital System • America’s Authentic Government Information • FedStats • Statistics from more than 100 agencies and sub-agencies of federal and states government • HeinOnline • Congressional documents, court cases, etc. • ProQuestCongressional • Congressional Documents

  40. Questions? What will you do when you have questions?

  41. Ask for help –it’s what we do! Kristin Andrews andrewsk@uncw.edu General Library Help http://library.uncw.edu