Modern World History Maps • Topic 1: Pre-Renaissance
First and Third Crusades This map shows the routes taken by some of the major European armies during the First and Third crusades. The First Crusade began in 1096 and ended in 1099. Key European leaders in the crusade included Robert of Flanders, Raymond of Toulouse, Godfrey of Bouillon, and Bohemond of Taranto. The crusaders traveled from Europe toward Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) and then marched toward Jerusalem. They succeeded in capturing Jerusalem. They also established the crusader states: Edessa, Antioch, Tripoli, and Jerusalem.The Third Crusade began in 1189 and ended in 1192. Important European leaders of the Third Crusade were Frederick I of Germany, Philip II of France, and Richard I of England. The crusaders failed to recapture Jerusalem. But they recovered the Palestinian coastline and won an agreement with the Muslims to permit Christians to visit Jerusalem.
Marco Polo’s Routes The map is hyperlinked to the map’s web site. Click it while running the slide show to see Magellan’s route animated.
Magellan’s Circumnavigation The map is hyperlinked to the map’s web site. Click it while running the slide show to see Magellan’s route animated.
Drake’s Circumnavigation Click on map for animated route web site
Voyages of Columbus Show in slide show mode to display animation of voyages.
Indians: Andes Cultural Area This map shows where the American Indians of the Andes cultural area lived. The Andean Indians lived in the highlands of the Andes Mountains of South America and in nearby coastal areas. This large region includes southwestern Colombia, central Ecuador, coastal Peru, most of Chile, and parts of western Bolivia and Argentina. Next to the map is a list of the Indian groups that lived there. Major groups included the Inca, Mapuche, Nazca, and Moche. Each of the underlined groups has a separate article in World Book.
Indians: Caribbean This map shows where the American Indians of the Caribbean cultural area lived. The area includes the southern half of Central America, the northern parts of what are now Colombia and Venezuela, and the islands of the Caribbean Sea. Next to the map is a list of the Indian groups that lived there. Major groups included the Arawak, Carib, and Chibcha. Each of the underlined groups has a separate article in World Book.