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Name: \_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_ Date: \_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_ PERIOD: \_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_. Shakespeare Background Notes. X. Shakespeare’s Life. Born April 23, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon His father, John , worked as a glove maker His mother, Mary , was a farmer’s daughter

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shakespeare background notes
Name: _____________

Date: ______________

PERIOD: ___________

Shakespeare Background Notes

X

shakespeare s life
Shakespeare’s Life
  • Born April 23, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon
  • His father, John, worked as a glove maker
  • His mother, Mary, was a farmer’s daughter
  • Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway when he was 18 and she was 26.
shakespeare s life 2
Shakespeare’s Life (2)
  • The couple had 3 children: Susana, Judith, and Hamnet (twins).
  • Shakespeare went to London in the late 1580’s:
    • He acted in plays.
    • He was also recognized as a playwright.
theater exterior
Theater Exterior

Globe Theater Rebuilt in 1996

theater interior
Theater Interior

Globe Theater Redone

globe theater
Globe Theater
  • Shakespeare had many of his plays performed at the Globe Theater.
  • Held 3,000 spectators
  • Located in Southwark District
    • Across the Thames River
    • “red light district”
theater interior1
Theater Interior

Globe Theater Rebuilt

globe theater architecture
Globe Theater Architecture
  • Raised stage
  • The groundlings watched from the pit
  • Stadium seating
  • 1 cent and 2 cent admission prices
  • Partial covering – burned down in 1613 during Henry VIII cannon usage
implications
IMPLICATIONS
  • Daytime performances between 2 and 5 p.m.
  • No scenery
  • Only minor props
  • Language had to include information about:
    • plot
    • setting
    • Motivation
  • NO WOMEN ACTORS
shakespeare s work
SHAKESPEARE’S WORK
  • Actor and playwright
  • He wrote 37 plays including:
    • Comedies
    • Tragedies
    • Histories
  • His plays discussed the issues of love, politics, family, and religion.
  • He also wrote 106 poems.
success and the end
Success and the End
  • Three of his most famous plays include:
    • “A Midsummer Night’s Dream”
    • “Romeo and Juliet”
    • “Richard II”
  • Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616 at age 52.
shakespeare s achievements
Shakespeare’s Achievements
  • Ordinary man writing about ordinary life, in an extraordinary way.
    • Compassion for his characters
    • Dynamic: showed both the strengths and weaknesses of his characters and topics
the renaissance
The Renaissance
  • “renaissance” means rebirth or revival
  • During this time period there was new interest and efforts in the arts and literature.
  • Elizabeth Iwas the queen of England during this period.
  • She is celebrated for:
    • raising England’s economy
    • allowing freedom of religion
    • unifying the country
queen elizabeth i 2
Queen Elizabeth I (2)
  • She never married but did have a boyfriend named Robert Dudley for thirty years.
life in elizabethan england
Life in Elizabethan England
  • People were poor.
  • London was growing and prosperous.
  • Transportation:
    • Horses
    • Boats crossing the Thames River
  • Poor medical care:
    • People believed in potions instead of doctors.
    • People visited apothecaries (druggists) for help.
life in elizabethan england 2
Life in Elizabethan England (2)
  • Most people lost their teeth and hair by age 20.
  • The Bubonic Plague killed many people.
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