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The man has FOUR WIVES. Introduction. Polygamy  ( from polys gamos , translated literally in  Laten Greek  as " many married "). It is a marriage which includes more than two partners. When a man is married to more than one wife at a time, the relationship is called  P olygyny.

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Polygamy (from polysgamos, translated literally in LatenGreek as "many married"). It is a marriage which includes more than two partners.

When a man is married to more than one wife

at a time, the relationship is called Polygyny.

and when a woman is married to more than

one husband at a time, it is called Polyandry. If

a marriage includes multiple husbands and wives, it can be called group or conjoint marriage.

  • Polygyny(neo Greekfrompoly "many", and gyne "woman or wife") is a form of plural marriage in which a man is allowed more than one wife (it is a more narrow form of polygamy, and distinguished from other forms of polygamy such as polyandry).In modern countries that permit polygamy, polygyny is typically the only form permitted.
  • In countries where polygamy is illegal someone who marries a person while lawfully married to another commits the crime of bigamy.

Extent and economic benefits of polygyny to men

Throughout the "polygyny belt" stretching from Senegal in the west to Tanzania in the east, as many as a third to a half of married women are in polygynous unions. Historically, Polygyny was partially accepted in ancient Hebrew society, in classical China, and in sporadic traditional Native American, African and Polynesian cultures. In India it was known to have been practiced during ancient times. It was accepted in ancient Greece, until the Roman Empire and the Roman Catholic Church.

Anthropologist Jack Goody's comparative study of marriage around the world utilizing the Ethnographic Atlas demonstrated an historical correlation between the practice of extensive shifting horticulture and polygyny in the majority of Sub-Saharan African societies. Drawing on the work of Ester Boserup, Goody notes that in the sparsely populated regions where shifting cultivation takes place in Africa, most of the work is done by women. This favoured polygamous marriages in which men sought to monopolize the production of women "who are valued both as workers and as child bearers.

  • Polyandry (Ancient Greek: polys—many, anēr—man) is a form of polygamy whereby a woman takes two or more husbands at the same time. Polyandry is contrasted with polygyny, involving one male and two or more females. Polyandry is also distinct from group marriage, involving plural participants of each sex.
  • According to the Ethnographic Atlas, of 1,231 societies noted, 186 were monogamous; 453 had occasional polygyny; 588 had more frequent polygyny; and 4 had polyandry. Polyandry is less rare than this figure which listed only those examples found in the Himalayan Mountains. More recent studies have found 53 societies outside of the 28 found in the Himalayans which practice polyandry.
  • Fraternal polyandry was traditionally practiced among Tibetans in Nepal, parts of China and part of northern India, in which two or more brothers are married to the same wife, with the wife having equal 'sexual access' to them. It is most common in egalitarian societies marked by high male mortality or male absenteeism. It is associated with partible paternity, the cultural belief that a child can have more than one father.

Polyandry is believed to be more likely in societies with scarce environmental resources, as it is believed to limit human population growth and enhance child survival. It is a rare form of marriage that exists not only among poor families, but also the elite. For example, in the Himalayan Mountains polyandry is related to the scarcity of land; the marriage of all brothers in a family to the same wife allows family land to remain intact and undivided. If every brother married separately and had children, family land would be split into unsustainable small plots. In Europe, this was prevented through the social practice of impartible inheritance (the dis-inheriting of most siblings, many who went on to become celibate monks and priests).

In zoology, polyandry is a mating system involving a female and two or more males. Most broadly, polyandry refers to sexual relations with multiple males, within or without marriage.