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Merida Initiative 2.0 US Policy to support Mexico’s counternarcotics efforts. Candace Burnham. Contents. Drug Trafficking Organizations ( DTOs ). Four factors: 1. Demand for drugs Not just drugs: 2. Unemployment 3. Weak public institutions 4. Poor coordination.

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merida initiative 2 0 us policy to support mexico s counternarcotics efforts
Merida Initiative 2.0 US Policy to support Mexico’s counternarcotics efforts

Candace Burnham

drug trafficking organizations dtos
Drug Trafficking Organizations (DTOs)

Four factors:

1. Demand for drugs

Not just drugs:

2. Unemployment

3. Weak public institutions

4. Poor coordination

merida initiative history
Merida Initiative - history

2008

Priorities

3-year, $1.4 billion

Long-term

merida initiative components
Merida Initiative - components

Complements U.S. domestic efforts

Funding for:

  • Equipment
  • anti-gang training
  • Technical training to strengthen the institutions of justice
merida initiative successes
Merida Initiative - Successes

Mexico

Removal of Key Drug Trafficking Organization Leaders

  • Arturo Beltran Leyva
  • Carlos Beltran Leyva
  • Arrest of Eduardo Teodoro “El Teo” Garcia Simental

Legal Cooperation: extradited 107 in 09

Gov of Mexico Statistics on Seizures (December 2006 – March 2010):

  • 92 tons of cocaine, 6,500 tons of marijuana
  • 949 kilos of heroine.
  • 30,752 small arms, 38,926 large caliber arms and 4,971 grenades.
  • 299 million pesos and 389 million dollars .

United States

Project Coronado:

  • 303 arrested in October 09
  • 1,186 arrests made in 44 months

Operation Xcellerator

  • Resulted in seizure of
    • $59 million in currency
    • hundreds of firearms
    • > 12,000 kilos of cocaine
    • 12,000 pounds of meth
    • > 750 individuals assoc with Sinaloa cartel arrested Feb 09

U.S. Interagency Border Architecture

http://tinyurl.com/meridainitiative

gao report
GAO report

“The chief conclusion is that the Mérida Initiative is delivering results but must be bolstered in order to achieve its aims.”

Improvements:

  • Increased staffing
  • Tracking system
merida 2 0 2010
Merida 2.0 (2010)

$175 million in additional aid to Mexico to support “judicial reform, institution building, anti-corruption, and rule of law activities.”

1. Disrupting the capacity of DTOs

2. Reforming capacity of Mexico’s security and justice institutions

3. Twenty-first century border

4. Building strong, resilient communities

criticism
Criticism

“Supply only”

Arms

Violence