The CABs of INFANT CPR By: Kimberlie Eidenire Physical Education Teacher M.A.S.T. Academy High School
Infant • An infant is considered a child under the age of 12 months. • An infant has a much better chance of survival if CPR is performed immediately. • If another person is present, tell them to call 911 while you start CPR. • If you are alone with the infant, do not dial 911 until after you have made an attempt to resuscitate the victim.
Responsiveness • To check an infant for responsiveness, gently tap or flick the feet and as if the infant is “OK”. • If there is no movement or sound from the baby, immediately check the airway.
C = Circulation • Begin with chest compressions. • Infant chest compressions are performed with 2 (the middle and index) fingers. Compress on the sternum just below the nipple line. • The ratio of compressions is 30 for every 2 puffs (breaths). Count out loud as you deliver the compressions.The compression depth is at least 1/3 AP diameter of the chest. This is about 1 ½ inches.
A = Airway Next, Open the Airway: • If no breathing is detected, gently tilt the victim's head backward by lifting the chin. • Do not overextend the neck because this could result in closing off of the airway.
B = Breathing • Cover the infant’s nose and mouth with your mouth. Make sure you create a seal. • Give the infant a quick gentle puff (breath) from your cheeks. • Give the victim a chance to exhale and repeat with another gentle puff (breath).
Continue Care • If the victim is still unresponsive and not breathing, continue the 5 cycles of CPR until help arrives. • If the victim regains a pulse, but is not breathing, administer rescue puffs (breaths). Remember to cover the infants nose and mouth with your mouth and gently puff into their mouth. • Give one rescue puff (breath) every 3 seconds. After each puff (breath), count to three and watch to see if the victim takes a breath on their own. If no breath is taken, continue with rescue puffs (breaths) until help arrives. • Use of the AED is now available for infants less than 1 year of age.