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CPR - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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CPR. Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation. What would YOU do???. Keep Calm! EMERGENCY RESPONSE NUMBER EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN TRAINING AND PREPERATION. The Chain of Survival. 911 - - CPR - - AED - - Advanced Care. Heart Attack. “ Death of part of the heart muscle due to inadequate

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Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation

what would you do
What would YOU do???
  • Keep Calm!
the chain of survival

The Chain of Survival

911 - - CPR - - AED - - Advanced Care

heart attack
Heart Attack

“Death of part

of the heart

muscle due

to inadequate

supply of blood

and oxygen”

signs of heart attack
Signs of Heart Attack
  • Chest Pain or discomfort
  • Pain or pressure in the center of the chest
  • May move to the arm, neck, or jaw
  • Lasts for several minutes
  • Other signs may include sweating, nausea, shortness of breath, weakness, fainting
  • Women, persons with diabetes, and the elderly may have vague symptoms -- an ache, heartburn, indigestion, or back pain
sudden cardiac arrest
Sudden Cardiac Arrest

Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is a leading cause of death in the U.S. It kills nearly 300,000 people each year.

That’s more than the total deaths for breast cancer, lung cancer, and HIV/AIDS combined.


During SCA, heart function stops abruptly and without warning.

When this occurs, the heart is no longer able to pump blood to the rest of the body.

In over 90% of victims, death occurs.


This is usually caused when the electrical impulses in the affected heart become rapid (ventricular tachycardia, or “VT”) or chaotic (ventricular fibrillation, or “VF”), or both.

These irregular heart rhythms are arrhythmias.

sudden cardiac arrest1
Sudden Cardiac Arrest
  • The best chance for survival depends on early CPR and early defibrillation
  • For every minute that passes without defibrillation, the victim’s chance of survival falls by 7% to 10%

(unless CPR is provided)

4 Minutes: Brain damage begins

10-12 minutes: Chance of survival

is small unless CPR provided

so the difference is
So the difference is…
  • SCA is an electrical problem - the arrhythmia prevents the heart from pumping blood to the brain and vital organs.
  • A heart attack is a “plumbing” problem caused by one or more blockages in the heart’s blood vessels, preventing proper flow, and the heart muscle dies.
cardio pulmonary resuscitation cpr
Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation - CPR
  • The old way was A-B-C = Airway, Breathing and Compressions.
  • The new way is C-A-B = Compressions, Airway, and Breathing.
step by step guide for the new cpr
Step-by-step guide for the new CPR
  • 1. Check the scene…is it safe for you?
  • 2. Try to get the person to respond – if he doesn't, roll the person on his or her back.
  • 3. Call 911 or ask someone else to do so.
  • 4. Start chest compressions. Place the heel of your hand on the center of the victim's chest. Put your other hand on top of the first with your fingers interlaced.
step by step guide for the new cpr1
Step-by-step guide for the new CPR

5. Press down so you compress the chest at least 2 inches in adults and children and 1.5 inches in infants. One hundred times a minute or even a little faster is best

** Think “Staying Alive”**

6. If you're been trained in CPR, you can now open the airway with a head tilt and chin lift.

step by step guide for the new cpr2
Step-by-step guide for the new CPR

7. Pinch closed the nose of the victim. Take a normal breath, cover the victim's mouth with yours to create an airtight seal, and then give two, one-second breaths as you watch for the chest to rise.

8. Continue compressions and breaths -- 30 compressions, two breaths -- until help arrives.


When someone collapses from SCA, immediate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and use of an automated external defibrillator (AED) are essential for any chance of recovery.


An automated external defibrillator (AED) is a portable device used to give an electric shock to the heart

It STOPS the heart so the pacemaker can restore the heart's normal rhythm during sudden cardiac arrest.