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Islam and its background

Islam and its background

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Islam and its background

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  1. Islamand its background By: Venkat Kolluru English 2 Honors/ 3rd Block 10/18/12

  2. Origins of Islam 1 There are three different explanations of the origins of Islam. • According to Secular History, Islam is traced back to the 7th century in Saudi Arabia. • It is said that the Muhammad, the prophet, has read the Qur’an out loud. • He introduced Islam in 610 A.D to the people and they believed that those were words of Allah. • According to Islam, Islam has started a long time before Muhammad. • Although Muhammad did read the Qur'an out loud, the Qur’an didn’t originate from Muhammad. • It is said that the Qur’an was given from God who sent the angel Gabriel to give it to Muhammad. Source: "Origin Of Islam." Origin Of Islam. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.allaboutreligion.org/origin-of-islam.htm>.

  3. Origins of Islam 2 • Those are some of the ways or explanations of the origins of Islam. • However, most people believe that the religion has started out in Mecca. Therefore it is a holy city that every true Islam prays to. • It is also said that Gabriel has read the Qur’an to Muhammad. • It is believed that the religion has started at the beginning of the universe. • The Qur’an are the literal words of Allah in the language of Arabic. Source: "Introduction, Part 1." Introduction to Islam. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.religioustolerance.org/isl_intr.htm>.

  4. Major tenets of Islamic Belief 1 • A major belief is the Five Pillars of Islam. • Shahada (Testify) - the strong belief in God(Allah) • Salah (Prayer) - You have to do prayer during dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and night • Seyam (Fasting) - You have to fast during the month of Ramadan • Zakat (Charity) - You have to give to the poor and even feed them if necessary • Hajj (Pilgrimage)- You have to go to mecca at least once in your lifetime. • The Five Pillars are very important to follow because they make up a true Muslim. Source: "Islam Beliefs and Practices." Islam Beliefs and Practices. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.islamicbulletin.com/newsletters/issue_24/beliefs.aspx>.

  5. Major tenets of Islamic Belief 2 • The Pillars of Faith are something like The Pillars of Islam • Belief in God(Allah)- Teaches that only one God exists and that is Allah • Belief in Mala-eka(Angels)- Muslims should believe in invisible Angles and their tasks. • Belief in the books of Allah- Believed all books came from one source and that is Allah. • Belief in the prophets of Allah- Believed that all prophets are real and are sent for peoples’ guidance • Belief in Yawm al-Qiyama(Day of Judgment)- Believed that all life will come to an end and Allah will judge who is good and evil. • Qada Wal-Qada(Destiny)- That all actions in the universe are controlled by Allah • Source: "Islam Beliefs and Practices." Islam Beliefs and Practices. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.islamicbulletin.com/newsletters/issue_24/beliefs.aspx>.

  6. Major Tenets of Islamic Belief 3 • A lot of people believe that Islam is related to war in a negative way. Just because a certain group that is Islamic attacks your two identical buildings, doesn’t mean that their religion is bad. • War is actually a last resort in Islam if peace offerings aren’t accepted. It is for defensive purposes and offensive purposes too. Islam is all about peace and living freely somewhat like Christianity. • Most people think Jihad means Holy War. That too is false. It means struggling or striving for goals in Islam. • Women in Islam are very highly treated with respect. There are not treated as shown in some movies. It is probably just a stereotype of many people and groups. They also have priorities depending on them so women and men are treated equally under Islam. Source: "Islam Beliefs and Practices." Islam Beliefs and Practices. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.islamicbulletin.com/newsletters/issue_24/beliefs.aspx>.

  7. Expectations of a practicing Muslim • As said for major tenets, The Five Pillars of Islam are also expectations of a Muslim. Elderly people like would most likely be the ones to be strict on that expecation. • For a women in Islam, she is fully respected with the dowry she is ok with. • She should wear a Hijab. It is the black garment that most female Muslims wear to cover there whole head. • Men are not allowed to wear gold or silk. Source: Islam Beliefs and Practices." Islam Beliefs and Practices. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.islamicbulletin.com/newsletters/issue_24/beliefs.aspx>.

  8. Expectations of a practicing Muslim 2 • Women should not wear clothing that shows appealing body parts. • Men are the responsible figures of the family. • They make the important decisions and do what they think is right for their family. • They are the kings of the family. • Their privileges are very customary such as not allowing someone that they don’t like. They also put their property in the care of their wives. • Source 1: "Topics." Muslim Men. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.iris.org.nz/men.php>. • Source 2: "Islam Beliefs and Practices." Islam Beliefs and Practices. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.islamicbulletin.com/newsletters/issue_24/beliefs.aspx>.

  9. Role of Islam in Afghan politics and life. (Politics) • Shia and Sunni can be like a Republican or Democrat kind of stuation. • There can be a Shia party and Sunni party. • It is influenced by Islam because it causes these parties to occur. • The Taliban was very rampant and was maneuvering the government. • They are extremists and they have been terrorizing areas and mostly America. Source: "Council on Foreign Relations." Council on Foreign Relations. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.cfr.org/afghanistan/taliban-afghanistan/p10551>.

  10. Role of Islam in Afghan politics and life. (Life) • Eighty percent of Afghanistan’s population is Sunni. • Nineteen of Afghanistan population is Shia.The rest is only one percent of other religions. • As said again in previous slides, the Five Pillars and other beliefs are also part of the Afghan culture. • Although some groups that are aggravated like extremist groups just try to go corrupt something. • Politics and life that have been influenced by Islam surely turns out to be different. Source: "Afghanistan Religion and Beliefs." Afghanistan Religion, The True & Fast Growing Religion, ISLAM. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.afghanistan-culture.com/afghanistan-religion.html>.

  11. MLA 7 Works Cited • Slide 2: "Origin Of Islam." Origin Of Islam. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. • Slide 3: "Introduction, Part 1." Introduction to Islam. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. • Slide 4-7: Islam Beliefs and Practices." Islam Beliefs and Practices. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. • Slide 8: Source 1 and 2 • Source 1: "Topics." Muslim Men. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. • Source 2: "Islam Beliefs and Practices." Islam Beliefs and Practices. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. • Slide 9: "Council on Foreign Relations." Council on Foreign Relations. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. • Slide 10: "Afghanistan Religion and Beliefs." Afghanistan Religion, The True & Fast Growing Religion, ISLAM. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.afghanistan-culture.com/afghanistan-religion.html>.