Pilgrims and Native Americans Why do we celebrate Thanksgiving?
Pilgrims • Sailed across the Atlantic Ocean from England to America almost 400 years ago. • They left England because they were not free to practice their religion.
Mayflower • 102 Pilgrims sailed on the Mayflower to America.
Native Americans • Also called Indians, but we call them Native Americans because they were the first people to live in our country. • The Wampanoag lived by farming, hunting, and gathering.
SPRING • Village moved to the seashore to plant crops. • Planted: corn, squash, and beans. • Fished for: bass, herring, and eel.
FALL and WINTER • Moved to the forest • Hunted: deer, wolf, bear, beaver, moose, wild turkey, raccoon, otter, and wild cat. • These animals provided food and clothing.
WAMPANOAG • Never took more than they could use. • After every harvest and good hunting season, the Wampanoag thanked the spirits. • Thankful
Wampanoag Families • Children did not go to school. They learned the skills they would need to know from their parents. • Sachem: The leader or chief. • Massasoit was the sachem at the time of the Pilgrims.
November of 1620 • 102 Pilgrims landed in Cape Cod. • The Pilgrims decided to look for somewhere else to live. • December of 1620: Pilgrims relocated to Plymouth. • Plymouth, Massachusetts became the new location because of the big open land and a place to dock the boats.
Winter • Pilgrims worked hard to build homes. • They got sick because they didn’t have enough to eat and the cold winter made them sick. • 52 Pilgrims died. • 25 of the 52 Pilgrims were children and only 4 were women. • When the captain of the Mayflower went back to England in the Spring, none of the Pilgrims wanted to go back. • All 50 stayed at Plymouth
Pilgrims and Wampanoag • Pilgrims became friends with the Wampanoag. • They met Samoset who introduced the Pilgrims to Squanto.
SQUANTO • He was kidnapped and sent to Spain. • He escaped and went to England where some kind people helped him to return home. • Squanto learned to speak English while in England. • When he returned to his village, everyone had died. • Squanto had been living with the Wampanoag. • Squanto’s village was the exact place the Pilgrims settled. That is why the land had been cleared of the trees.
Squanto taught the Pilgrims: • How to plant corn, squash, and beans. • He showed the Pilgrims how to fertilize the soil with fish. • How to catch lobster, eel, and other fish. • How to tap maple tree for their sugary sap • How to hunt deer and wild turkey.
Peace with Wampanoag • Pilgrims made friends with Massasoit and made a peace treaty with the Wampanoag. • Pilgrims decided to have a Home Harvest Celebration
Home Harvest Celebration • Pilgrims invited the Wampanoag sachem, Massasoit and his people. • The feast lasted for 3 days. • 140 people came • 90 Native Americans came • Pilgrims were not prepared for this many people. • Massasoit, being a wise sachem, sent his braves out into the forest and they came back with 5 deer.
Plenty to Eat Pilgrims and Native Americans ate: • sea bass, Cod, duck, turkey, geese, and deer • Cornmeal, corn, squash, beans, and fruit
Need More Information? http://www.enchantedlearning.com/ http://www.google.com/ http://www.yahooligans.yahoo.com/