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Global News. Meeting 7. CNN: Godfather of global TV news. 1980 Vernon Jordan shot in Indiana Tiananman Square - Bernard Shaw, live coverage on own satellite dish Persian Gulf War - Peter Arnett in Baghdad 1987 World Report for international distribution and foreign broadcasters

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global news

Global News

Meeting 7

cnn godfather of global tv news
CNN: Godfather of global TV news
  • 1980 Vernon Jordan shot in Indiana
  • Tiananman Square - Bernard Shaw, live coverage on own satellite dish
  • Persian Gulf War - Peter Arnett in Baghdad
  • 1987 World Report for international distribution and foreign broadcasters
  • Merger with AOL-Time Warner
bbc quality programming
BBC:Quality Programming
  • Radio in 1922, TV 1936
  • 1955 ITV competition
  • 1964 BBC Two with in-depth programming
  • 1991 launched World Service TV
  • 1999 BBC Prime for global entertainment
  • Government funding cuts may cause consolidation of news and WSTV reporters
other global news
Other Global News
  • Deutsche Welle, German short-wave system for worldwide radio and TV all 24 hours
  • EuroNews is expanding to Russia and Middle East; funding from various countries and advertising revenue
  • Channel News Asia since 1990
  • Voice of America simulcasts in 6 languages; viewed as propaganda arm of US
  • Radio Marta broadcasts to Cuba from Florida; declining audiences
global news agencies
Global News Agencies

Wire service problem areas:

  • News services are based in London
  • Coverage of peripheral nations focuses on negative news
reuters first wire service
Reuters: First Wire Service
  • Known for speed, accuracy, integrity and impartiality
  • Constantly developing comm network and product line of breadth and quality
  • Comprehensive financial databases
  • Proven reputation for reliability and technological innovation
other large wire services
Other Large Wire Services
  • AP distributes news and photos to 8500 international subscribers; audio and video feeds, Internet online
  • UPI sold broadcast to AP in 1999, losing clients and power
  • Agence France Presse has bureaus in 165 countries, third largest
wire services
Wire Services
  • Bloomberg and Dow Jones have financial focus
  • Xinuha China tightly controlled by govt. officials
  • InterPress Services linked to nongovernmental organizations; development journalism (Rome)
  • ITA, former TASS, central information agency; competition from Interfax with more credibility in Russia
  • Supplementary services at LA Times-Washington Post & NY Times
global print media
Global Print Media
  • NY Times, London Times & Guardian, International Herald Tribune, Wall Street Journal, Financial Times (London)all have global distribution
  • Time, Newsweek, Economist largest news magazines
west to east news flow
West to East News Flow
  • Developing nations get Western views
  • Western information dominance and stereotypes prevail
  • Flow of news imbalanced
  • West has ‘soft power’ of strong appeal of cultural products in developing countries to detriment of local cultural traditions
questions for discussion
Questions for Discussion
  • How will the Internet affect wire services and traditional news agencies?
  • Will Internet foster a more equitable flow of international news? What direction will that flow take?
internet news distribution
Internet News Distribution
  • Best hope for developing nations
  • Access to uncensored news
  • No telecommunications infrastructure for many nations
  • World Bank has $520 million fund to help set up companies for Internet in 140 developing countries
personalized media
Personalized Media
  • Individuals went from passive recipients to ‘information seekers’
  • Hotels provide copies of home country papers for guests
  • Fax fosters interaction
  • Cassette recording enable free choice for developing countries
  • More compelling than traditional news media
  • People share ideas on a global network
  • Personal commentary serves as news
  • Will public pay for news that has been free?
  • Will advertising be able to make money on the web?
relevance of foreign news
Relevance of foreign news
  • Before 9/11 Americans were disinterested
  • Public craves engagement in world’s crises and issues that affect their daily lives
  • Sensational model preference
  • After 9/11 foreign news assumed equal weight
  • CNN back in news leadership
  • Boom in 24/7 coverage
  • News from BBC and other sources important
censorship and information control
Censorship and information control
  • 2002 public getting fewer facts and more opinion from news media
  • American information from global TV and government agencies
  • Incorporation of propaganda into messages
  • Cell phones, Internet/email news dissemination
trends for international journalism
Trends for International Journalism
  • Unit cost of global comm will drop
  • Technology ensures 2-way comm
  • More consumer choice of what they receive
  • Unlimited sources of news content
  • Personalized comm presents challenge for authoritarian governments and control
  • Uncertainty about effects of comm flow on global audiences