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Global News

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  1. Global News Meeting 7

  2. CNN: Godfather of global TV news • 1980 Vernon Jordan shot in Indiana • Tiananman Square - Bernard Shaw, live coverage on own satellite dish • Persian Gulf War - Peter Arnett in Baghdad • 1987 World Report for international distribution and foreign broadcasters • Merger with AOL-Time Warner

  3. BBC:Quality Programming • Radio in 1922, TV 1936 • 1955 ITV competition • 1964 BBC Two with in-depth programming • 1991 launched World Service TV • 1999 BBC Prime for global entertainment • Government funding cuts may cause consolidation of news and WSTV reporters

  4. Other Global News • Deutsche Welle, German short-wave system for worldwide radio and TV all 24 hours • EuroNews is expanding to Russia and Middle East; funding from various countries and advertising revenue • Channel News Asia since 1990 • Voice of America simulcasts in 6 languages; viewed as propaganda arm of US • Radio Marta broadcasts to Cuba from Florida; declining audiences

  5. Global News Agencies Wire service problem areas: • News services are based in London • Coverage of peripheral nations focuses on negative news

  6. Reuters: First Wire Service • Known for speed, accuracy, integrity and impartiality • Constantly developing comm network and product line of breadth and quality • Comprehensive financial databases • Proven reputation for reliability and technological innovation

  7. Other Large Wire Services • AP distributes news and photos to 8500 international subscribers; audio and video feeds, Internet online • UPI sold broadcast to AP in 1999, losing clients and power • Agence France Presse has bureaus in 165 countries, third largest

  8. Wire Services • Bloomberg and Dow Jones have financial focus • Xinuha China tightly controlled by govt. officials • InterPress Services linked to nongovernmental organizations; development journalism (Rome) • ITA, former TASS, central information agency; competition from Interfax with more credibility in Russia • Supplementary services at LA Times-Washington Post & NY Times

  9. Global Print Media • NY Times, London Times & Guardian, International Herald Tribune, Wall Street Journal, Financial Times (London)all have global distribution • Time, Newsweek, Economist largest news magazines

  10. West to East News Flow • Developing nations get Western views • Western information dominance and stereotypes prevail • Flow of news imbalanced • West has ‘soft power’ of strong appeal of cultural products in developing countries to detriment of local cultural traditions

  11. Questions for Discussion • How will the Internet affect wire services and traditional news agencies? • Will Internet foster a more equitable flow of international news? What direction will that flow take?

  12. Internet News Distribution • Best hope for developing nations • Access to uncensored news • No telecommunications infrastructure for many nations • World Bank has $520 million fund to help set up companies for Internet in 140 developing countries

  13. Personalized Media • Individuals went from passive recipients to ‘information seekers’ • Hotels provide copies of home country papers for guests • Fax fosters interaction • Cassette recording enable free choice for developing countries

  14. Cybernews • More compelling than traditional news media • People share ideas on a global network • Personal commentary serves as news • Will public pay for news that has been free? • Will advertising be able to make money on the web?

  15. Relevance of foreign news • Before 9/11 Americans were disinterested • Public craves engagement in world’s crises and issues that affect their daily lives • Sensational model preference • After 9/11 foreign news assumed equal weight • CNN back in news leadership • Boom in 24/7 coverage • News from BBC and other sources important

  16. Censorship and information control • 2002 public getting fewer facts and more opinion from news media • American information from global TV and government agencies • Incorporation of propaganda into messages • Cell phones, Internet/email news dissemination

  17. Trends for International Journalism • Unit cost of global comm will drop • Technology ensures 2-way comm • More consumer choice of what they receive • Unlimited sources of news content • Personalized comm presents challenge for authoritarian governments and control • Uncertainty about effects of comm flow on global audiences