ORIGINS OF CUBISM Cubism: A movement in art characterized by multi-faceted figures that show multiple sides of a subject on one plane Late 19th thru early 20th century: European artists begin to discover African and Native American art…very intriguing.
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Pablo Ruiz Picasso (October 25, 1881 - April 8, 1973) was one of the recognized masters of 20th century art.
Picasso was born in Malaga, Spain and was a leading founder of the Cubism Movement
Picasso was primarily a painter he also worked with small ceramic and bronze sculptures, collage and even some poetry
“Art is not the application of a canon of beauty but what the instinct and the brain can conceive beyond any canon. When we love a woman we don’t start measuring her limbs.”
Picasso was baptized under the name: Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Maria de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito Ruiz y Picasso.
In 1897, Picasso, age 16, set off for the first time on his own to study Art in Madrid at the Academy of Arts. In 1990, Pablo moved to Paris and his career took off.
Some of Picasso’s movements in Art include: the Blue Period (1901–1904), the Rose Period (1905–1907), the African Influenced Period (1908–1909), Analytic Cubism (1909–1912), and Synthetic Cubism (1912–1919).
Synthetic Cubism was the second main branch of Cubism developed by Picasso, Braque, Juan Gris and others between 1912 and 1919.
It was seen as the first time that collage had been made as a fine art work.
Analytic cubism was a form of pulling objects apart into planes, where as synthetic cubism is more of a pushing of several objects together into planes.
Movement was influenced by African Sculpture
It is the first phase of cubism and is when artists reduce natural forms down to their basic shapes. Colors were subdued and paintings were found to be more monochromatic
“When we discovered Cubism, we did not have the aim of discovering Cubism. We only wanted to express what was in us.”
The Port of La Ciotat, 1907
Sleeping Muse, 1909-10
Bird in Space, 1923