ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY. ECT. What is electroconvulsive therapy?. HISTORY. Early Greek & Roman times. Italians Ugo Cerletti & Lucino Bini. German Lothar Kalinowsky Introduced to France, Holland, England, U.S. Austrian Leo Alexander Key proponent in U.S. Controversy.
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HISTORY • Early Greek & Roman times • Italians Ugo Cerletti & Lucino Bini • German Lothar Kalinowsky • Introduced to France, Holland, England, U.S. • Austrian Leo Alexander • Key proponent in U.S.
Controversy • Electroshock & insulin shock -Argument against: “definite ‘organic’change in memory which does not entirely clear up…” • Argument for: “the reduction of intelligence is an important factor in the curative process” • Broken bones & fractured spines • Used muscle relaxants & anesthesia • Quick, clean & lucrative • For the psychiatrist
Since the 1970s • Citizens Commission on Human Rights - CA (and other states) passed bill prohibiting * ECT without patient consent * Use on children under 12 • Bill became model for mental health law reform around the world • Many work for electroshock to be outlawed
FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS: • Get into groups (11) & answer questions 1-5 • Number 1-11 • Split into number groups and answer questions for your part of the article (NOTE ANY WORDS YOU ARE NOT SURE ABOUT) • Get back into group of 9 and share answers • Make sure to answer #32 • Back to original seat for discussion