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Intelligence. You can’t see it- But you know it’s there!. What is intelligence?. Ability to understand complex ideas Ability to adapt to the environment Ability to learn from experience Reason (conclusions based on information). Types of Intelligence…. Crystalized Intelligence.

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intelligence

Intelligence

You can’t see it-

But you know it’s there!

what is intelligence
What is intelligence?
  • Ability to understand complex ideas
  • Ability to adapt to the environment
  • Ability to learn from experience
  • Reason (conclusions based on information)
types of intelligence
Types of Intelligence…..

Crystalized Intelligence

Fluid Intelligence

intelligence tests controversial
Intelligence Tests= Controversial
  • Not reliable prior to age 6
  • After middle school- little change up to age 70 (except fluid intelligence which starts to decline by age 30)
  • Other decline: Drugs/alcohol

Chronic illness

Environmental factors

  • Importance of Reliability and Validity
history of iq tests
History of IQ tests…..
  • Alfred Binet
  • 1904
  • Tried to identify “slow learners”
  • Original test adapted by Lewis Terman (Stanford University) in 1916.
  • Test became the Stanford-Binet
sample stanford binet questions
Sample Stanford-Binet Questions
  • 2 year-old: On a large paper doll; points out the hair, mouth, feet, ears, nose, hands and eyes
  • 2 Year-old: When shown a bridge built of 4 blocks; builds one like it
  • 3 Year-old: When shown a bridge built of 3 blocks; builds one like it
  • 3 Year-old: when shown a drawing of a circle, copies it correctly
slide9

4 Year-old: Fills in missing word when asked: “Brother is a boy; sister is a ____”, In daylight it is light; at night it is_____”

  • 4 Year-old: Answers correctly: why do we have houses? Why do we have books?
  • 5 Year-old: Define: ball, hat, stove
  • 5 Year-old: Copies a square correctly
  • 9 Year-old: Answers correctly when examiner says: “In an old graveyard in Spain they have discovered a small skull which they believe to be that of Christopher Columbus when he was about 10 years old. What is foolish about that?
slide10

An adult: Can describe the difference between laziness and idleness, poverty and misery, character and reputation.

  • An adult: Answers correctly: which direction would you have to face so your right hand would be toward the north?
mental retardation
Mental Retardation
  • IQ score below 70 & a significant impairment in basic skills.
  • 30-40% effected have no known cause
  • 50% have organic cause (birth injury, genetic abnormality, etc.)
  • Most commonly recognized: Down Syndrome
  • Savant Syndrome (retardation & “island of genius”.
  • Autism vs. Asperger Syndrome
gifted children even the name is controversial
Gifted Children: even the name is controversial

IQ over 140

Global, integrative mental capacity- giftedness is more than just academic achievement.

Misconceptions: gifted are peculiar

gifted are physically inferior

more susceptible to mental illness

types of intelligence1
Types of Intelligence….
  • Logical-mathematical
  • Verbal-linguistic
  • Musical
  • Bodily-kinesthetic
  • Spatial
  • Interpersonal
  • Intrapersonal
  • Naturalist
is intelligence genetic what is the evidence
Is Intelligence genetic?What is the evidence?

Case for Nature

Case for Nurture

“enriched” environment can improve school improvement (5)

Increasing IQ scores around the world= The Flynn effect

Milwaukee Project

  • Gene studies:Scarr
  • Identical twins reared apart