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European History - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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European History. In One Day. Classical Europe- 800-400 BC. Greece became known as the “Cradle of Democracy” First democratic government Athens wrote the first democratic constitution. Rome. Rome-began as a monarchy, became a republic, and finally an empire

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classical europe 800 400 bc
Classical Europe- 800-400 BC
  • Greece became known as the “Cradle of Democracy”
  • First democratic government
  • Athens wrote the first democratic constitution
slide3
Rome
  • Rome-began as a monarchy, became a republic, and finally an empire
    • Christianity began and spread through the Roman Empire
    • The Eastern Roman Empire fell in AD 400’s
    • Western Roman Empire fell in 1453 to the Ottoman Turks (modern turkey)
roman empire
Roman Empire
  • The Roman Empire controlled most of Europe during its height
medieval europe 500 s ad 1350 ad
Medieval Europe-500’s AD- 1350 AD
  • Roman Catholic Church became a political power
  • Crusades (holy wars) were sponsored by the church to take Jerusalem and Palestine from the Muslims
medieval europe 500 s ad 1350 ad1
Medieval Europe-500’s AD- 1350 AD
  • Society was dominated by Feudalism.
    • In this society kings gave land to nobles and lords who in turn provided knights to the kings for military service
renaissance 1350 1700
Renaissance -1350-1700
  • Humanism arose during this time. People began to focus more on the world and humans than religion
  • Writers-Geoffrey Chaucer, William Shakespeare
renaissance 1350 17001
Renaissance -1350-1700
  • Artists- Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarotti
renaissance 1350 17002
Renaissance -1350-1700
  • Protestant Reformation took place- Christians revolted against the corrupt practices of the Catholic Church. Started by Martin Luther a German Monk.
revolution
Revolution
  • British colonies revolted, French overthrew monarchy
modern era
Modern Era
  • Industrial Revolution-began in Great Britain in 1700’s and spread. People began using machines to produce goods.
  • WWI-war spread across Europe involving almost all countries and killing millions
  • WWII-War between the Allied and Axis Powers which was started by Germany under the rule of Hitler (holocaust, Atomic Bomb, Kamikazes,
  • Cold War-Global competition between the United States and Soviet Union to dominate the world’s governments and economies.