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Evolution of the 4 th Wall?. Ch 10. Denis Diderot October 5, 1713 – July 31, 1784. Denis Diderot October 5, 1713 – July 31, 1784. Europe adhered to neoclassicism, but new forms were evolving Diderot -chief editor of and contributor to the creation of the Encyclopédie

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Evolution of the 4 th wall

Evolution of the 4th Wall?

Ch 10


Denis diderot october 5 1713 july 31 1784
Denis DiderotOctober 5, 1713 – July 31, 1784


Denis diderot october 5 1713 july 31 17841
Denis DiderotOctober 5, 1713 – July 31, 1784

  • Europe adhered to neoclassicism, but new forms were evolving

  • Diderot -chief editor of and contributor to the creation of the Encyclopédie

  • wrote and championed new genre - drame

    • Middle class tragedy/domestic tragedy

    • A serious play that didn’t fit neoclassical definition of tragedy


Diderot
Diderot

  • Wanted greater realism on stage

    • Acting and scenery

  • "When you write or act, think no more of the audience than if it had never existed. Imagine a huge wall across the front of the stage, separating you from the audience, and behave exactly as if the curtain had never risen.“

  • Developed the concept of the fourth wall


Diderot s paradox of acting
Diderot’s Paradox of Acting

  • Best actor invoke strong emotions in an audience through calculation and craft, not by experiencing these emotions themselves

  • The studied actor is better than the one who relies on inspiration and feeling the part



Dumesnil and clairon1
Dumesnil and Clairon

  • Both actresses at ComedieFrancais

  • Dumesnil 1713-1803 – natural abilities but sometimes erratic.

  • Wore expensive contemporary

    fashions for all roles played.

  • Clairon – more studied actress

  • Interested in historical accuracy,

  • Less declamatory.


Acting in england
Acting in England

  • Rehearsal were about 3 hours a day for two weeks

  • In England actors were mainly contracted, rehearsals run by the actor-manager.

  • French actors in government theatres were part of a sharing plan. ComedieFrancaise was democratic, actors voted.

  • Shows started at 5 or 6pm, a whole evening of entertainment (musical performance, full length play, entertainments between acts, afterpiece, sometimes a short one act.




David garrick
David Garrick

  • Started as an actor, played Richard III in 1741 in Goodman’s Fields, an unlicensed theatre.

  • Noted for having a natural style, based his action on observation


Garrick
Garrick

  • Became actor-manager of Drury Lane

  • Made actors rehearse longer and to performance standards

  • Established penalties for not following rules

  • Gave actors direction

  • Worked with designer and inventor Philip James de Loutherbourg


Garrick1
Garrick

  • Placed lights behind scenery

  • Introduced local color, did away with stock scenery

  • Shortened the apron

  • Did not allow actors to use the stage doors

  • Removed seating on the stage


Johan wolfgang von goethe weimar court
Johan Wolfgang von GoetheWeimar Court

  • Rules for Actors

  • Stage German (RP in UK)

  • Oversaw staging and costumes

  • Believed in historical accuracy

  • Audience reactions should be limited to applause or no applause.


Goethe s three questions
Goethe’s Three Questions

  • What was the artist trying to do?

  • Was he/she successful in doing it?

  • Was it worth doing?