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VERMI-CULTURE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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VERMI-CULTURE
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  1. VERMI-CULTURE

  2. EARTHWORMS • THERE ARE 3000 SPECIES OF EARTHWORMS. • THERE ARE 3 TYPES OF EARTHWORMS. • EPIGIC EARTHWORM. • ENDOGIC EARTHWORM. • ASENIC EARTHWORM. • EPIGIC EARTHWORMS ARE USED FOR VERMI-CULTURE

  3. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OFEARTHWORMS TONGUE CROP GIZARD (STORAGE OF FOOD) (MOUTH) (BACTERIA & ENZYMES ACTED ON FOOD)

  4. REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM 4-6 WEEKS 3-4WEEKS TWOWORMS BABY WORM COCOON 6-10WEEKS 18-20 EGGS 10-18WEEKS INFANT STAGE ADULTSTAGE YOUNGER STAGE

  5. LIKES DARKNESS LOW TEMPERATURE COOL CONDITION DRY COWDUNG CAKE HALF DECOMPOSED FOOD DISLIKES SUNLIGHT HIGH TEMPERATURE OILY,SPICY FOOD CANNOT EAT FRESH FOOD MORE WATER EARTHWORMS

  6. ADVANTAGES OF VERMI-COMPOST • NATURAL PRODUCT COMPLETELY • IT IS CALLED BLACK GOLD • IT HAS 16 MINERALS REQIRED FOR GROWTH OF PLANTS • IT GIVES CROP WHICH HAS HIGH NUTRITION VALUE • WATER HOLDING CAPACITY OF SOIL INCREASES 350 TIMES

  7. DISADVANTAGES OF CHEMICAL COMPOST • IT COMPLETELY SHOWS CHEMICAL WHICH IS HARMFUL FOR HUMANS • LARGE QUANTITY OF WATER IS REQUIRED • IT DOES NOT CONTAIN ALL MINERALS • USE OF INSECTICIDES BECOMES MORE NECESSARY

  8. HOW TO MAKE VERMI-COMPOST • AIM-TO MAKE VERMI-COMPOST • APPARATUS- • PLASTIC BUCKET OF 10-15 LITRES(HOLES AT BOTTOM& SIDE) • MOSQUITO NET • REQUIRE DRY COW DUNG CAKE • SUGARCANE BAGASSE OR PADDY STRAWS.(THOROUGHLY RINSE)

  9. PIECE OF GUNNY BAGS IN ORDER TO COVER BASKET • GARBAGE OR WASTE MATERIAL • UNWANTED THINGS • PAPER &TEA POWDER THROUGHLY USED • FRUIT PEELS

  10. PROCEDURE • COVER THE BUCKET WITH MOSQUITO NET • USE PAPER AT BOTTOM FOR STIFFNESS • TRAY REQUIRED TO COLLECT WATER • SOAK COWDUNG CAKE &SUGARCANE BAGASSE IN WATER FOR 3-4 HRS • PUT SUGAR BAGASSE IN BUCKET

  11. THICKNESS OF LAYERS SHOULD BE WITHIN 3 INCHES • SECOND LAYER OF COWDUNG CAKE SOAKED IN WATER ABOUT 3 INCHES • 15-20 ISENA VETERA WORMS REQUIRED • CUT THE FRESH FOOD IN PIECES WHICH WILL LATER GET DECOMPOSE • SPRINKLE LITTLE WATER • USE PAPER WITH HOLES OR GUNNY BAGS.

  12. PAPER HELPS TO MAINTAIN PH WHICH SHOULD BE NEUTRAL • PIECE OF WET GUNNY BAG TO COVER THE BUCKET • KEEP IN DARK AND COOL PLACE • SPRINKLE LITTLE WATER EVERYDAY FOR TWO MONTHS • ADD LITTLE FOOD EVERYDAY • COLLECT VERMI WASH IN THE BOTTLE

  13. OBSERVATION • AFTER TWO MONTHS STOP ADDING FOOD AND WATER • AFTER FIVE DAYS TAKE A PAPER,REMOVE THE GUNNY BAG AND INVERT THE BUCKET • KEEP IN COOL AND DRY PLACE

  14. CONCLUSION • REMOVE THE WORMS AND COLLECT IN THE CONTAINER HAVING SOAKED COWDUNG • MAKE HOLES AT THE TOP OF THE CONTAINER TO ALLOW AIR TO GO INSIDE • THIS IS HOW VERMI COMPOST IS MADE

  15. OTHER INFORMATION • EVERYDAY SPRINKLE LITTLE AMOUNT OF WATER SO THAT THE DECOMPOSITION PROCEDURE BECOMES FASTER • WATER COLLECTED FROM HOLES IS CALLED VERMI WASH WHICH IS USEFUL FOR GROWTH OF PLANTS.

  16. THIS PRESENTATION IS MADE BY RONAK, ROHAN,HIREN & DIPEN.

  17. WE ARE YOUR FRIENDS.WILL YOU BE OUR FRIEND?

  18. THANK YOU