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Chapter 12 Drugs of Abuse. A physical addiction is more powerful than a psychological addiction. Unlike smoking tobacco, smoking marijuana does not harm health. People usually recover from dependency on their own. . What Do You Think. Class activity

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what do you think

A physical addiction is more powerful than a psychological addiction.

  • Unlike smoking tobacco, smoking marijuana does not harm health.
  • People usually recover from dependency on their own.
What Do You Think
section 1 drug abuse defined

Class activity

    • Create a list of positive and negative consequences that can result from drug use, misuse, and abuse. Are there more positive or negative consequences?
Section 1: Drug Abuse Defined
section 2 why do people abuse drugs

Partner Activity:

      • Create a list of the reasons you think that people abuse drugs. Make a list of strategies to avoid some of the reasons you just came up with.
Section 2: Why do people abuse drugs?
section 2 why do people abuse dugs
Why do people abuse drugs?
  • Peer Pressure
  • Family Members
  • Role Models
  • Media Messages
  • Perceptions of Drug behavior
  • Misleading Information
  • Personality
  • Euphoria
Section 2: Why do people abuse dugs?
section 2 why do people abuse drugs1

Peer Pressure

    • A strong factor that motivates people to abuse drugs is peer pressure.
    • A strong desire to fit in socially, risk-takers, drawn to dangerous behavior.
Section 2: Why do people abuse drugs?
section 2 why do people abuse drugs2

Values- teens who lack strong internal values, such as the value of good grades, and high moral standards, often abuse drugs

  • Boredom- some people wrongly believe that taking drugs provides pleasure, excitement or fun.
  • Escape- people don’t feel loved, have no friends may take drugs as a substitute for what is missing.
Section 2: Why do people abuse drugs?
section 2 why do people abuse drugs3

Personality- some people are naturally curious, and may want to try drugs to experience what they are like. It may be because they are shy or uncomfortable in social situations, relieve tension, or because a person has low self-esteem or poor self-image.

Section 2: Why do people abuse drugs?
section 2 why do people abuse drugs4

Homework:

  • Write a 1 page essay (10 Pts)
  • Topic: Entertainers, movies, songs, magazines, and books may portray drug abuse as funny or cool. What can you do to change this image? Write a 1 page essay outlining how we as a society can change the media’s outlook on drugs.
Section 2: Why do people abuse drugs?
section 3 addiction

Drug Addiction- a physical and or psychological need for higher and higher doses of a drug.

  • Do you think anyone starts out using a substance in the hopes of becoming addicted?
Section 3: Addiction
section 3 addiction1

Drugs & the Brain

  • Drugs provide a sense of euphoria by imitating the brain’s natural way of producing pleasure.
  • The acts of eating, being physically active, and relaxing all release endorphins.
  • The lack of these chemicals produces an unpleasant feeling known as dysphoria
Section 3: Addiction
section 3 addiction2

How does addiction set in?

  • The craving created by withdrawal, and the need to take higher and higher doses, creates a spiral of physical addiction
Section 3: Addiction
section 6 kicking the habit

Facing the problem

  • The first step in solving a drug problem is to admit that you have one.
  • The next is to seek help
Section 6: Kicking the Habit
section 6 kicking the habit1

Getting Help

  • People rarely recover from drugs on their own
  • Help comes in many forms including hospitalization and drug-quitting groups
  • Narcotics Anonymous is a free, self-help program of addiction recovery
  • 12 step programs-promotes personal growth and lead’s to person’s helping others recover
Section 6: Kicking the Habit
section 6 kicking the habit2

Getting Help

  • NA offers psychological therapy groups, individual psychotherapy, and drug therapy
  • Why might it be important to not talk about someone else’s problem outside the group?
Section 6: Kicking the Habit
section 6 kicking the habit3

Problems Along the Way

  • When a person first becomes drug free he or she has overcome a big obstacle
  • Next step is to develop a new support system
  • The best chance of staying clean is to develop a support system of other people who are drug free
Section 6: Kicking the Habit
section 7 helping someone else kick the habit

Signs of Drug Abuse

  • The best way to find out for sure if a person is abusing drugs is to express concern and ask questions
  • Another way to show you care is to make the effort to help
  • 3 things you can do to help a person with a drug problem:
    • Make sure the person knows you don’t approve of the drug habit
    • Making available all the information you can gather on the health effects of the drug
Section 7: Helping Someone Else Kick the Habit
section 7 helping someone else kick the habit1

Signs of Drug Abuse (Cont.)

    • Making sure the person knows, on choosing to seek help, where to go for it.
  • Drug addiction does not mean someone is a bad person.
  • Do not blame the person, it can make them feel guilty
  • If you want to help don’t judge or blame the person
Section 7: Helping Someone Else Kick the Habit
section 7 helping someone else kick the habit2
Signs of Drug Abuse
  • Paleness/Perspiration
  • Dilated Pupils
  • Runny nose & Nosebleeds
  • Jitters/Hyperactivity
  • Ability to go long periods of time w/out food or sleep
  • Anxiety, anger, or unreasonable suspiciousness
  • Loss of memory
  • Extreme increases in energy and talk-ativeness, followed by lethargy/ depression
  • Not caring about appearance
  • Broken appointments, promises, lying
  • Bad Grades, missing school, trouble w/law, family, or authorities
Section 7: Helping Someone Else Kick the Habit