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MaryAnn Garrahan, OSHA NAFTA Land Transport Conference San Antonio, Texas May 31, 2002. Health & Safety of Truckers within the United States. Today’s Presentation. OSHA’s role in worker protection Common trucker injuries and OSHA violations

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Health & Safety of Truckers within the United States


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. MaryAnn Garrahan, OSHA NAFTA Land Transport Conference San Antonio, Texas May 31, 2002 Health & Safety of Truckers within the United States

    2. Today’s Presentation • OSHA’s role in worker protection • Common trucker injuries and OSHA violations • Federal OSHA standards & programs that protect truckers • Sources for OSHA information

    3. OSH Act • Enacted in 1970 • Defines the purpose of OSHA regulations • Defines what OSHA can do • Contains the General Duty Clause • Addresses OSHA jurisdiction

    4. OSHA Standards • Found in Title 29 CFR • Apply if employer has one or more employees • Most apply to the work operation, not just the industry • Most are performance-oriented

    5. Special Programs • Ergonomics • Hispanic Worker Outreach

    6. OSHA & DOT Jurisdiction • DOT covers • Commercial motor vehicles • Safe design of trucks • Physical requirements of drivers • OSHA covers • Safety & health hazards at terminals & warehouses • HAZMAT responses

    7. OSHA & State Plans • Federal OSHA: • 34 States & territories • Federal OSHA standards • State Plans: • 23 States & territories • State Plan standards or use Federal OSHA standards • Must provide equal or greater protection

    8. Common Trucker Injuries • Strains & sprains (50%) • Bruises • Fractures • Cuts & lacerations • Soreness/pain • Multiple traumatic injuries

    9. Events or Exposures Leading to Trucker Injury • Overexertion • Contact with objects or equipment • Being struck by an object • Falling (on the same level) • Transportation accidents

    10. Serious Violations Cited1997-2001 • Improper guarding of grinding machinery • Lack of eyewashes & showers • Unsafe forklifts • Grounding of electrical equipment • Lack of personal protective equipment • No guardrails on platforms or loading docks

    11. How OSHA Addresses Trucker Hazards • Standards • Ergonomics Program • Complaint Handling • Outreach

    12. OSHA Standards Address... • Loading & unloading • Vehicle maintenance • Other terminal & warehouse activities • Emergency response

    13. Ergonomics Program Offers... • Ergonomics reports from OSHA inspections in trucking industry • Frequently-asked questions & OSHA answers

    14. Complaint Program Offers... • Easy ways to file complaints • OSHA website • OSHA 800 number • Letter • Confidentiality of complainant • Policies & procedures in OSHA Instruction CPL 2.115 (OSHA website)

    15. OSHA Outreach Includes... • Training materials • Publications • materials in Spanish • Consultation program

    16. Sources of Information • OSHA website www.osha.gov • OSHA offices Organized by Regions & Area Offices • OSHA toll-free hotline 1-800-321-OSHA • Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration www.fmcsa.dot.gov 1-800-DOT-SAFT

    17. Conclusions • OSHA focuses on safe & healthful working conditions • Employers must comply with standards • Special Ergonomics Program addresses key source of injuries • There are multiple sources of information & assistance

    18. The End

    19. www.fmcsa.dot.gov