The Links Between Migration and Labour Markets Jason Gagnon OECD Development Centre Workshop on Migration in West Africa: Governance and Links to Labour Markets Dakar, 25 March 2010
Migration and Labour Markets in West AfricaConcept Motivation Two gaps in the migration literature, particularly on its links with labour markets • How does migration reshape labour and employment in sending households, communities, countries? • What are the labour impacts of South-South migration and how are they different from other types of migration flows?
The Impact of EmigrationA Framework Source: OECD (2010) - forthcoming
The Impact of ImmigrationBasic Neoclassical Model Real Wage S0 Sm MPL W0 Wm N N + M
The Impact of EmigrationBasicNeoclassical Model Real Wage S0 Sm MPL W0 MPL* Wm W-m* W0 N* N* - M
The Impact of ImmigrationImmigration 1990 2005 Major change in the region has been in Senegal and Ghana
The Impact of EmigrationECOWAS Different when looking at South-South flows?
The Impact of Return MigrationReturn Migration What should we know? • What are the returns to migration experience? • What do return migrants do when they return? What skills do they bring back? • How does this impact others? • How does it impact labour markets? At what level? Why? • What policies exist? • What role should policy have?
firstname.lastname@example.org www.oecd.org/dev Jason Gagnon OECD Development Centre Workshop on Migration in West Africa: Governance and Links to Labour Markets Dakar, 25 March 2010
The OECD Development Centre and Global Development The Global Development Outlook • The OECD Development Centre • A bridge between OECD countries and emerging economies • The global dimension of the OECD Development Centre • Columbia (2008), Dominican Republic (2009), Egypt (2008), India (2001), Indonesia (2009), Mauritius (2009), Morocco (2009), Peru (2009), South Africa (2006), Thailand (2005) and Vietnam (2008) • The Global Development Outlook • 2010 - Shifting Wealth: Implications for Development • 2011 - Social Cohesion
The OECD Development Centre and Poverty Reduction • A platform for debate on meaningful policy reform • Bringing OECD methods and expertise to the service of developing countries • Raising the profile of developing economies in the OECD
email@example.com Main references OECD (2007): Policy Coherence for Development: Migration and Developing Countries. OECD Development Centre, Paris. OECD (2007): Gaining from Migration: Towards a New Mobility System. OECD Development Centre. Paris. OECD (2009): Is Informal Normal? Towards More and Better Jobs in Developing Countries. OECD Development Centre, Paris. OECD (2009): Latin American Economic Outlook 2010. OECD Development Centre, Paris.