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State and Federal Court Systems. Federalism in the Judicial Branch. Comparing the Systems. Federalism: the separation of power between national and state governments (in this case, courts) Both federal and state courts have their own court systems. Federal Courts. State Courts.

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state and federal court systems

State and Federal Court Systems

Federalism in the Judicial Branch

comparing the systems
Comparing the Systems
  • Federalism: the separation of power between national and state governments (in this case, courts)
  • Both federal and state courts have their own court systems

Federal

Courts

State Courts

Supreme Court

State Supreme Court

Appeals

Appeals

Trials

Trials

structure of the courts
Structure of the Courts

Federal

State

  • Constitution created the Supreme Court and lower federal courts
  • 94 federal district courts
  • 13 Courts of Appeals
  • The Constitution gives states power to create courts
  • Various courts in different states
selection of judges
Selection of Judges

Federal

State

  • Nominated by the President
  • Confirmed by the Senate
  • Term of Office: usually life
  • Can be removed by impeachment
  • Can be appointed or elected (DE- appoints)
types of cases
Types of Cases

Federal

State

  • Questions of Constitutionality
  • Federal law and treaties
  • Disputes between states
  • Bankruptcy
  • Traffic violations
  • Most criminal cases
  • Probate (wills, estates)
  • Civil cases: contracts, personal injury, family matters
  • Any matters of state law