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The Intertestamental Period. 400 BC. 5 BC?. Old Testament completed. Birth of Jesus. Amos. Malachi?. 400 Silent Years. 400 BC. 331 BC. 5 BC?. Old Testament completed. Alexander conquers the Persian Empire. Birth of Jesus. Amos. Malachi?. Alexander the Great. Persian Empire.

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The Intertestamental Period


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slide2

400 BC

5 BC?

Old Testament completed

Birth of

Jesus

Amos

Malachi?

400 Silent Years

slide3

400 BC

331 BC

5 BC?

Old Testament completed

Alexander

conquers

the Persian

Empire

Birth of

Jesus

Amos

Malachi?

Alexander

the Great

Persian Empire

slide6

Alexander at Jerusalem

And when the book of Daniel was showed him, wherein Daniel declared that one of the Greeks should destroy the empire of the Persians, he supposed that himself was the person intended; and he was then glad. (Antiquities 11:8:5).

slide7

The World of

Alexander

  • Cultural interchange from east to west
  • Scientific learning
  • Hellenization
  • Greek language
  • Alexander’s death
slide8

Cassander

Lysimachus

Antigonus

the one-eyed

Seleucus

Ptolemy

ptolemy ii philadelphus

Ptolemy II Philadelphus

Pharos Lighthouse

Library of Alexandria

Septuagint

War with the Seleucids

slide10

Antiochus III

“the Great”

Ptolemy

slide11

Antiochus IV Epiphanes

  • Hostage in Rome
  • Escape
  • Campaign against Egypt
slide12

Antiochus IV Epiphanes

  • Hostage in Rome
  • Escape
  • Campaign against Egypt
  • First revolt in Judah
antiochus imposed the following regulations
Antiochus imposed the following Regulations
  • Jews could not assemble for prayer
  • Observance of the Sabbath was forbidden
  • Possession of the Scriptures was illegal
  • Circumcision was illegal
  • Dietary laws illegal
  • Pagan sacrifices mandated
slide14

Antiochus IV

  • Maccabean Revolt
  • 167 B.C.
  • Mattathias
  • Temple liberated
slide15

400 BC

331 BC

167 BC

5 BC?

Old Testament completed

Alexander

conquers

the Persian

Empire

Maccabbee

Rebellion

Birth of

Jesus

Amos

Malachi?

Alexander

the Great

Hasmonean

kings

Rome

Persian Empire

Hellenistic Kings

  • Ptolemies
  • Seleucids
slide16

Mattathias

Johanan

Simon

Judas

Eleazer

Jonathan

  • Simon becomes new leader
  • Judah recognized as a free state: 142 B.C.
  • High Priest
slide17

Judah

John

Hyrcanus

Mattathias

Mattathias

Johanan

Simon

Judas

Eleazer

Jonathan

  • John Hyrcanus becomes leader
  • Samaria, Galilee & Idumea conquered
  • Forced conversions of conquered peoples
two new jewish parties
Two New Jewish Parties
  • Hasidim: “The Pious Ones”
    • Pharisees
  • Hellenists: Greek influence
    • Sadducees
slide19

Judah

John

Hyrcanus

Mattathias

Aristobulus

Alexander

Janneus

Hyrcanus II

Aristobulus II

Mattathias

Johanan

Simon

Judas

Eleazer

Jonathan

Salome

Alexandria

slide20

Pompey

the Great

  • Commissioned to clear the seas of piracy
  • Conquests in Syria
  • Conquest of Jerusalem
  • Territorial arrangements
slide21

Decapolis

Samaria

Judea

slide22

Roman

Civil

War

slide24

Parthians

Petra

slide25

Marc Antony

Octavius

herod the great

Herod the Great

40 - 4 B.C.

slide27

Zerubbabel’s Temple

Seleucid Addition

Hasmonean Expansion

Herod’s Temple

herod s domestic troubles

Herod’s Domestic Troubles

It is better to be Herod’s uV

Than to be Herod’s uioV

slide30

400 BC

331 BC

167 BC

4 BC

Old Testament completed

Alexander

conquers

the Persian

Empire

Maccabbee

Rebellion

Death of Herod the Great

Amos

Malachi?

Pompey

the Great

Alexander

the Great

Hasmonean

kings

Rome

Persian Empire

Hellenistic Kings

  • Ptolemies
  • Seleucids