Sociological Theories of Drug Use/Abuse. Structural Theories: Anomie, Unequal Opportunity, Social Disorganization (Durkheim, Merton, Agnew, Messner and Rosenfeld, Shaw and McKay, Bursick) Social Process Theories: Socialization (Matza, Hirschi)
The focus of these theories is a stratified society and the unequal distribution of wealth and status as causes of crime.
Unit 2 - 2
Unit 2 - 8
An underlying premise of the theory is that individuals are motivated toward drug-related identity change because of marginalization (personal and social) and socially-defined problems with existing identities (ego identity discomfort and lost control in defining an identity) in childhood and early adolescence. Certain meso-level, (e.g., identification with drug subcultural groups), and macro-level phenomena, (e.g., economic opportunity, educational opportunity, and popular culture), that they encounter provide an opportunity structure for that change.