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Situational Leadership. Donna Shea, M.Ed. Objectives . By the end of this presentation you should be able to: Discuss the four leadership styles Discuss how Situational Leadership applies to staff management Asses your teachers for their developmental level

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situational leadership

Situational Leadership

Donna Shea, M.Ed.

objectives
Objectives

By the end of this presentation you should be able to:

  • Discuss the four leadership styles
  • Discuss how Situational Leadership applies to staff management
  • Asses your teachers for their developmental level
  • Apply the appropriate leadership style for individual teachers and task groups
conventional leadership
Conventional Leadership

What’s wrong with this picture?

  • Hands-on: The Micromanager
  • Hands-off: The Democrat
leadership style
Leadership Style

How you influence performance:

  • Directive Behavior – Clearly stating who, what, when, where, how, and why
  • Supportive Behavior – Listening, supporting, encouraging, facilitate problem-solving, and decision-making
situational leadership5
Situational Leadership

Four Leadership Styles derived from combinations of Directive and Supportive Behavior:

  • S1 Directing
  • S2 Coaching
  • S3 Supporting
  • S4 Delegating
s1 directing
S1 Directing
  • Provide specific, clear instructions
  • Provide very close supervision
s2 coaching
S2 Coaching
  • Continue to provide direction and close supervision
  • Offer rationale and explain decisions
  • Solicit Suggestions
  • Give support for progress
s3 supporting
S3 Supporting
  • Facilitate and support task accomplishments
  • Share decision-making responsibility
s4 delegating
S4 Delegating
  • Relinquish decision-making and problem-solving
summary of leadership styles
Summary of Leadership Styles

HIGH

S

U

P

P

O

R

T

I

V

E

LOW

HIGH

D I R E C T I V E

developmental needs
Developmental Needs

Performance Variables:

  • Competency – function of knowledge and skills
  • Commitment – function of confidence and motivation
developmental levels
Developmental Levels

Four Developmental Levels derived from combinations of competence and commitment:

Developed Developing

role of instructor
Role of Instructor:

To do for the teacher what the teacher can’t do for him or herself!

d1 beginner
D1 Beginner
  • Very Enthusiastic
  • Little or no skills

S1 Directive Behavior

  • Structure, control and supervise

Role of the Supervisor -

  • Utilize demonstration, step-by-step hand outs, and guided practice
d2 quitter d2 wall
D2 Quitter – D2 Wall
  • Little or no skills
  • Discourage, disillusioned, lost enthusiasm, harder than expected

S2 Coaching

  • Direct and Support

Role of Supervisor:

  • Close supervision with assistance
  • Moral support and encouragement
d3 reluctant participant
D3 Reluctant Participant
  • Good skills
  • No confidence

S3 Supporting

  • Praise, listen, and facilitate

Role of Supervisor:

  • Reinforcement
  • Help only when requested
  • Provide moral support and encouragement
d4 delegating
D4 Delegating
  • Good to excellent skills with good to high confidence and self-esteem

D4 Delegating

  • Turn over responsibility for day-to-day decision making and practice

Role of Supervisor:

  • Independent practice
  • Performance evaluation
leadership style game plan
Leadership Style Game Plan
  • Competency and/or commitment in one area does not ensure equal competency or commitment in all areas
  • Achieving competency and/or commitment does not ensure maintaining competency or commitment
situational leadership and group interaction
Situational Leadershipand Group Interaction

Characteristics of a well oiled workgroup:

  • Purpose and Values
  • Empowerment
  • Relationships and Communication
  • Flexibility
  • Optimal Performance
  • Recognition and Appreciation
  • Morale
group development
Group Development

Four stages of group development correlate to Situational Leadership

  • Stage 1 – Orientation
  • Stage 2 – Dissatisfaction
  • Stage 3 – Production
  • Stage 4 - Integration
what to observe
What to Observe
  • Communication and Participation
  • Decision making
  • Conflict
  • Leadership
  • Goals and Roles
  • Group Norms
  • Problem Solving
  • Group Climate
  • Individual Behavior
summary of leadership styles27
Summary of Leadership Styles

HIGH

S

U

P

P

O

R

T

I

V

E

LOW

HIGH

D I R E C T I V E

1 step forward 2 steps backwards
1 step forward 2 steps backwards

Development is not a straight line