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Team Teach Project: Situational Leadership. Sara Norman Nazia Ali Gretchen Messersmith Stephen Hartgrove. Origins of Situational Leadership. Hersey and Blanchard first developed the theory in 1969. Life Cycle Theory of Leadership.

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team teach project situational leadership

Team Teach Project: Situational Leadership

Sara Norman

Nazia Ali

Gretchen Messersmith

Stephen Hartgrove

origins of situational leadership
Origins of Situational Leadership
  • Hersey and Blanchard first developed the theory in 1969.
  • Life Cycle Theory of Leadership.
  • The theory has been used in organizational leadership training and development.
  • In 1985, Blanchard, et al. developed a model called Situational Leadership II model that intensified the movement.
  • Based on Fiedler’s Contingency Theory and House’s Path-Goal Theory of Leadership.
an overview of situational leadership
An Overview of Situational Leadership
  • Variety
  • Leader Adaptation
  • Two dimensional
  • Correlation of styles
  • No universal style
  • Directive and supportive behaviors
  • Prescriptive
the leadership styles
The Leadership Styles
  • S1: High directive-low supportive (Directing)
  • S2: High directive-high supportive (Coaching)
  • S3: High supportive-low directive (Supporting)
  • S4: Low-supportive-low directive (Delegating)
the subordinate styles
The Subordinate Styles
  • D1: Lack ability, but high commitment
  • D2: Some ability, but low commitment
  • D3: Have high ability but low commitment
  • D4: High competence, high committed
dimensions of situational leadership
Dimensions of Situational Leadership
  • Supportive Dimension
  • Directional Dimension
paul hersey
Paul Hersey
  • Hersey has stuck with the “original” form of Situational Leadership since its creation
  • Based on the original SL
  • The Center for Situational Leadership Studies
  • The Situational Leader
ken blanchard
Ken Blanchard
  • Blanchard developed a new model, SLII in the 1980’s.
  • Apart from Paul Hersey
  • The Ken Blanchard Companies
  • “The Leadership Difference”
  • One-Minute Manager
sli and slii
  • New Theory in the 1980’s
  • Blanchard: SLII
  • Hersey: SLI
  • The two are very similar
  • Leader direction
  • Leader-follower relationships
  • Easy to understand, applicable
  • Tells what one should or should not do in various leadership settings
  • Directing style
  • Unique needs need attention
  • Adaptability
criticisms of the approach
Criticisms of the Approach
  • Not enough studies
  • Ambiguity
  • Does not explain the theoretical basis for the changes in the composition of each development level
  • Leader style/development levels
  • Demographic characteristics
  • North American bias
  • Difficulty in defining quality and job maturity in leadership
  • Limited empirical support