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INTRO. CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS OVER TIME. APIMONDIA 2009. MONTPELIER. CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS OVER TIME. Increased Temperature & Precipitation. GLAMORGAN. LIAM DEVANY. U K. POPULATION / TRANSPORT COSTS. APIMONDIA 2009. MONTPELIER. POPULATION / TRANSPORT COSTS.

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climate change effects over time
CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS OVER TIME

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS OVER TIME

Increased Temperature & Precipitation

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

population transport costs
POPULATION / TRANSPORT COSTS

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

POPULATION / TRANSPORT COSTS

Developing Nations Fuel / Transport Costs

Some Typical Supermarket Food Miles

Green Beans 3,600 miles from Kenya

Apples 4,700 miles from the USA

Onions 12,000 miles from Australia

Carrots - 51,000 miles from South Africa

Richer economies demandmore food

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

fuel crops climate
FUEL CROPS / CLIMATE

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

FUEL CROPS & CLIMATE

Responsible for 30% loss of crops per year currently

Biofuel AcreageClimate Change

Food vs Fuel

Yield Reductions

By 2010, 30% corn and 23% soybeans will be fuel

Yields fall 3-5% every 1ºF increase Average temp. rise 1.8ºF by 2030

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

peak oil effects
PEAK OIL EFFECTS

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

PEAK OIL - SHARP SUDDEN DECLINE!

95% of the food we eat in UK is oil-dependent 81% of our food came from outside the UK last year

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

current uk agricultural practices
CURRENT UK AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

CURRENT UK AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES

LARGE-SCALE PESTICIDE SPRAYING

MONOCROPPING

HABITAT DESTRUCTION

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

importance of pollination in food chain
IMPORTANCE OF POLLINATION IN FOOD CHAIN

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

THE IMPORTANCE OF POLLINATION IN FOOD CHAIN

Bees are responsible for 80% of our food via pollination

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

change food policy
CHANGE FOOD POLICY

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

CHANGE FOOD POLICY

  • Energy Intensivevs.Low Energy Methods
  • Reduce frozen and packaged food consumption drastically
  • Manufactured groceries replaced by local production
  • As much food as possible to be grown locally
  • Food transportation reduced to 100 miles or less
  • Organic food eliminates pesticides, herbicides & fertilisers
  • Adopt Agrarian over Industrial agriculture
  • 15-25% of workforce will be required for food production
  • Labour intensive farming better for soil and more productive
  • 5:1 total energy reduction

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

change food infrastructure
CHANGE FOOD INFRASTRUCTURE

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

CHANGE FOOD INFRASTRUCTURE

  • Introduction of widescale urban apiculture
  • Show people how to farm food in an urban environment.
  • Reduce diet related problems, increase exercise.
  • Reduce the environmental impact of food in London.
  • Increase the affordability of healthy, sustainable food in London to make it accessible to all.
  • Reduce the amount of food waste and increase composting.
  • Utilise food waste as a fertiliser to divert from landfill.
  • Utilise Rainwater to conserve on mains water supplies.

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

community participation model
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION MODEL

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION MODEL

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

bumble bees honey
BUMBLE BEES=HONEY

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

Media Equates Bumble Bees with Honey

Wrong associations

are established

at an early age

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

media influence confusion
MEDIA INFLUENCE=CONFUSION

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

MEDIA INFLUENCE = CONFUSION

Public has difficulty distinguishing honey bees from wasps

HONEY BEE?

WASP?

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

media influence fear
MEDIA INFLUENCE=FEAR

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

MEDIA INFLUENCE = FEAR

AFRICAN KILLER BEE’S STINGS = DEATH

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

fear anger
FEAR=ANGER

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

PROBLEMS WITH URBAN INTEGRATION

FEAR = ANGER

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

vandalism of hives
VANDALISM OF HIVES

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

PROBLEMS WITH URBAN INTEGRATION

LEADING TO DIRECT VANDALISM OF INDIVIDUAL HIVES

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

inform your community
INFORM YOUR COMMUNITY

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

INFORM YOUR COMMUNITY

DOOR POST NEIGHBOURS

MEET & EXPLAIN APICULTURE

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

discuss potential hive sites
DISCUSS POTENTIAL HIVE SITES

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION

DISCUSS POTENTIAL HIVE SITES

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

enlisting community volunteers
ENLISTING COMMUNITY VOLUNTEERS

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

ENLISTING COMMUNITY VOLUNTEERS

MANY HANDS MAKE LIGHT WORK

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

river island effect
RIVER ISLAND EFFECT

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

RIVER ISLAND EFFECT

ASSISTS IN EARLY BLOOMS & HONEY YIELDS?

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

all vacant space utilised
ALL VACANT SPACE UTILISED

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

ALL VACANT SPACE UTILISED

Recycle any containers for growing

Nectar rich plants

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

placing idividual hives
PLACING IDIVIDUAL HIVES

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

PLACING INDIVIDUAL HIVES

Garage & Patio Roofs

City Parks & Allotments

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

integrating urban apiaries
INTEGRATING URBAN APIARIES

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

INTEGRATING URBAN APIARIES

Part of a sustainable biodiversity plan

Greening Cities

Converting flat roofs

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

criteria for choosing a site
CRITERIA FOR CHOOSING A SITE

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

CRITERIA FOR CHOOSING A SITE

Surrounding environment lacks prime pollinators

Protected from

public by fence

Sheltered from elements by large trees

Easy bee visibility of hive entrances

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

requirements of structure humans
REQUIREMENTS OF STRUCTURE - humans

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

REQUIREMENTS OF STRUCTURE

  • HUMANS
  • Small footprint for 16 hives
  • Integrated Pest Management
  • Easy maintenance of each hive
  • Adjustable outer entrances
  • Minimum use of materials
  • Anti vandal doors
  • Disabled access ramp
  • Solar powered lighting
  • Rainwater Harvesting

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

requirements of structure bees
REQUIREMENTS OF STRUCTURE - bees

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

REQUIREMENTS OF STRUCTURE

  • BEES
  • Each hive sealed on the inside
  • Thermal retention and dryness
  • Large landing strips
  • Double layer element protection
  • Easy bee escape when hives are opened
  • Easy identification of hives by through shape & colour
  • Access to water source for drinking – rain barrels

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

creation of a biodiversity engine
CREATION OF A BIODIVERSITY ENGINE

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

CREATION OF A BIODIVERSITY ENGINE

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

horizontal hive easiest access
HORIZONTAL HIVE – EASIEST ACCESS

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

HORIZONTAL HIVES - Easiest access for all ages

HIVE COMPONENTS

  • Separate crown boards cover the brood (entrance) and honey chamber to minimise disturbance
  • Full mesh floor for varroa drop-through & ventilation
  • Easy disassembly - using dowel rods
  • All frames Langstroth Brood x 20
  • Made of White Pine
  • Sliding trays with gel sheets to catch hive debris and count varroa

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

individual hive identification
INDIVIDUAL HIVE IDENTIFICATION

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

INDIVIDUAL HIVEIDENTIFICATION

Hive Entrance Colours & Shapes

Adjustable Hive Entrance

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

three year field test conclusions
THREE YEAR FIELD TEST CONCLUSIONS

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

THREE YEAR FIELD TEST CONCLUSIONS

  • 20 frames brood size were filled in each horizontal hive
  • Honey yields were double outside hives in same location
  • Internal temperatures 15º F warmer inside structure
  • Ambient moisture reduced by 35% in internal hives
  • Structure retained full weatherproofintegrity
  • Bees drank rainwater from barrel by addition of water lillies
  • Observable bee recognition of separate colonies
  • Biodiversity Park audit showed 25% species increase in 3 years
  • Vandalism - none
  • Bee Exits failed in skylight – adjustable ones installed
  • Solar panel did not provide enough internal lighting

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

a new generation of beekeepers
A NEW GENERATION OF BEEKEEPERS

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

A NEW GENERATION OF BEEKEEPERS

TRAINING COVERS AGES 10 – 18 YEARS

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

a sense of purpose
A SENSE OF PURPOSE

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

A SENSE OF PURPOSE

Genders have equal status

Children learn young

Youth have positive roles

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

acknowledging achievements
ACKNOWLEDGING ACHIEVEMENTS

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT

ACKNOWLEDGING ACHIEVEMENTS

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

local hive produce
LOCAL HIVE PRODUCE

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

LOCAL HIVE PRODUCE

HONEY

MEADS

CANDLES

CUT

COMB

PROPOLIS

POLLEN

POLISHES

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

sales incentivisation
SALES = INCENTIVISATION

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

SALES = INCENTIVISATION

Wider area Farmer’s Markets

Local Community Events

Cheaper Prices

Minimum Transport Costs

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK

community roof apiculture
COMMUNITY ROOF APICULTURE

APIMONDIA 2009

MONTPELIER

COMMUNITY ROOF APICULTURE

A Green Oasison our Urban Rooftops

GLAMORGAN

LIAM DEVANY

UK