TEACHING OF GENERAL ENGLISH Unit –I Preliminary Statement
Language is a divine gift of articulate speech through which a social group co-operates • It is a system of arbitrary vocal symbols • Range of variations in the language definitions * general * formal features
Definition of Language A language is a system of arbitrary vocal symbols used for human communication.(Wardaugh). A language is a symbol system based on pure of arbitrary conventions….infinitely extendable and modifiable according to the changing needs and conditions of the speakers.(Robins).
Language is purely human and non-instinctive method of communication ideas,emotions and desires by means of voluntarily produced symbols ***”in all forms of human behavior“ what is life is what is language.
Function & purpose Non-communicative communicative Emotional expression Social interaction Power of sound Instrument of thought
srtucture form meaning language Two level model Language phonology grammar semantics phonetics
English is a West Germanic language spoken originally in England, and is now the most widely used language in the world. It is spoken as a first language by a majority of the inhabitants of several nations. English is called as international language
The United Kingdom, the United States,Canada, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand and Caribbean nations. It is the third most common native language in the world, after Mandarin Chinese and Spanish. It is widely learned as a second language and is an official language of the European Union, many Commonwealth countries and the United Nations, as well as in many world organizations.
What is English as a Second Language? • ESL or ELL may stand for English as Second Language or English Language Learners • Students that have a primary language other than English can be serviced in all states • This is available in all grade levels, K-12.
The status of English in india today • English has been playing an important role in our educational system as well in our social life. • The NEP remarks that special emphasis need to be paid on the study of english . • Today english is used , in all corners of the world by people from all walks of life.
Importance of English • English as an international language • As an official language of administration • As A language of court • As a language of international trade and industry • In our social life • As a window on the modern world • As a link language • As a library language • English in media • In our Educational System
English as an International Language • It helps in interlinking the people living in different countries • It is the common means of communication • Better understanding of different countries • Knowledge of English will make a person a citizen of the world • Over 1000 million speakers • 900 million people in the Indian sub continent • Semi-official language over 60 countries • Over two third of world’s scientist write in English • English remains the leading international language, with an estimated • 1.5 billion speakers across the world. • It is the language of modern scholarship, the internet and technology, • the global media and advertising, international politics and diplomacy, • and particularly, global business.
AS AN OFFICIAL LANGUAGE • More than 200 years • Declared as associate official language (Act of parliament • 1963) • Dominates the administrative business (centre &states) • All document and agreements are in English • Recognized as a associate official language with Hindi • The State governments orders also communicated in both • languages • English &Regional language • All central Government communication provided in English • version
As a Language of International Trade &IndustryThe prolific growth of English is both a result and cause of globalization. The boom in international trade has brought people from all cultures and countries together to exchange goods and services.The role that English has played in driving global trade and reducing the sense of distance between countriesEnglish has increasingly become the ‘lingua franca’ for international trade. This is powerfully underlined by the calculation that an estimated 80 per cent of those communicating in English are non-native speakers.
As a language of courtStill continues to be the language of courtThere is no suitable language for legal transaction supreme courts ,High courts ,District courts Cases are presented &judgments are given in EnglishIn our social Life Take in English write letters in English Invitation cards ,social functions printed in English Signature
As a library language • Key to the store house of knowledge • This-Most important role in India • World knowledge enshrined in English • Law, medicine ,engineering ,Agriculture Science and technology books available only in English • More than 70% of books printed in English • Higher Education –English is the medium of Instruction • The Indian Education Commission Stressed that English would play a vital role in higher education as an important library language
As a window on the modern World • English is our window on the modern world” through which we can see the scientific ,technological, agricultural ,commercial and literary development taking place in the world (gain modern Knowledge) • Dr.Radhakrishnan commission observed English is a language rich in literature abounded with humanistic, scientific and technical knowledge “ • Scientific mastery of English is the Only way to achieve the treasure of knowledge.
English in our Educational System • It is the main medium of instruction at PG level • Taught as a second language at every stage of education in all states of India • Three language formula -1960 • 10+2+3 system-1978 • It is taught as a compulsory subject • RIE have been set up to train teachers • Medical ,law, scientific researches is in English
As a link language • Different states and different languages English link them together • English is our link other countries of the world • It is only with English we can establish social,economic,cultural and political relationship with other countries of the world. • ENGLISH is serves as a bridge between East &West
English in Media Dominant role in media It is used as a medium of inter-state communication Maximum number of magazines ,news papers printed in English English as a Language of opportunity Offers job opportunity